At its plenary session held on the afternoon of April 14 the Ninth National Congress of the Communist Party of China unanimously adopted the political report made by Comrade Lin Piao on behalf of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and unanimously adopted the Constitution of the Communist Party of China.
When the great leader Chairman Mao Tsetung and his close comrade-in-arms Vice-Chairman Lin Piao mounted the rostrum, thunderous cheers and prolonged applause resounded throughout the hall.
Chairman Mao presided over today's session. When the two documents were unanimously adopted, the whole hall burst into prolonged cheers: "Long live the victory of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution!" "Long live the Communist Party of China!" "Long live invincible Mao Tsetung Thought!" "Long live Chairman Mao! A long, long life to Chairman Mao!"
After the opening of the Ninth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, all the delegates held group discussions starting from April 2.
All the delegates conscientiously discussed and studied the extremely important speech made by Chairman Mao at the opening session of the congress and received a profound education; they expressed their warm support for it and their determination to act accordingly. Following Chairman Mao's teachings, the delegates reviewed the history of the Party. In 1921, at the time of the Party's First National Congress there were only a few groups with a few dozen Party members, whereas today, under the guidance of Chairman Mao's correct line, our Party has developed and become the leader of the powerful People's Republic of China. This, the delegates said, is the conclusion drawn by history on the great victory our Party has won after forty-eight years of heroic struggle, and is also the conclusion drawn by history on the complete bankruptcy of the Right and "Left" opportunism of Chen Tu-hsiu, Wang Ming and others which did tremendous harm to the Chinese revolution. Only by understanding the history of the Party is it possible to understand how Chairman Mao has inherited, defended and developed Marxism-Leninism and to understand the greatness of Chairman Mao, the greatness of Mao Tsetung Thought and the correctness of Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line. Chairman Mao said in his speech :
We hope that the present congress will be a congress of unity and a congress of victory and that, after its conclusion, still greater victories will be won throughout the country.
The delegates unanimously expressed with deep feeling their determination to answer Chairman Mao's great call. With full confidence they declared: Our Party is unprecedentedly united after the bourgeois headquarters headed by Liu Shao-chi has been shattered. Under the direct leadership of Chairman Mao, our congress has been proceeding very smoothly, in great unity and very successfully; it is bound to be a congress of unity, a congress of victory and a congress of pledge for seizing still greater victories throughout the country.
All the delegates conscientiously discussed Vice-Chairman Lin Piac's political report again and again, paragraph by paragraph and sentence by sentence. The delegates held that the report holds high the great red banner of Marxism-Leninism Mao Tsetung Thought, profoundly expounds Chairman Mao's theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat, systematically sums up the experience of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in our country, analyses the domestic and international situation and sets forth the future fighting tasks for the whole Party, the whole army and the people of the whole country. They held that the report is a great programme guiding China's socialist revolution and socialist construction. The delegates who have come from different fighting posts said that Comrade Lin Piao's report has summarized all they want to say, and that the more they read this report, the happier they feel, the more they read it, the more it warms their hearts. The delegates made many good proposals for additions to and modifications of the report.
All the delegates conscientiously discussed the draft of the revised Constitution of the Communist Party of China, chapter by chapter and article by article. The delegates stated that this draft was jointly worked out by the whole Party and the revolutionary masses throughout the country; they held that it is the product of the integration of the great leader Chairman Mao's wise leadership with the broad masses and it is a vivid manifestation of the Party's democratic centralism and mass line. The delegates pointed out that the draft Constitution of the Party has clearly reaffirmed that Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought is the theoretical basis guiding the Party's thinking and clearly stipulated that Comrade Lin Piao is the successor to Chairman Mao; this is a great victory for the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and for Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought. Our Party will, in accordance with the provisions of the new Party Constitution, surely be built into a still greater, still more glorious and still more correct Party.
At the plenary session on April 14, the great leader Chairman Mao made a most important and inspiring speech. Comrade Lin Piao made an important speech. Comrades Chou En-lai, Chen Po-ta, Kang Sheng, Huang Yung-sheng, Wang Hungwen, Chen Yung-kuei, Sun Yu-kuo, Wei Feng-ying and Chi Teng-kuei also spoke. They expressed their unanimous support for the great leader Chairman Mao's extremely important speeches, for Comrade Lin Piao's political report and for the draft Constitution of the Communist Party of China. Their speeches were punctuated by warm applause and cheers throughout the hall. After adopting Vice-Chairman Lin Piao's political report and the Constitution of the Communist Party of China, the congress decided to entrust the secretariat of the presidium of the congress with the publication of the two documents after making modifications in wording.
Seated in the front row of the rostrum today were: Chou En-lai, Chen Po-ta, Kang Sheng, Chiang Ching, Chang Chunchiao, Yao Wen-yuan, Hsieh Fu-chih, Huang Yung-sheng, Wu Fa-hsien, Yeh Chun, Wang Tung-hsing and Wen Yucheng.
Also in the front row were: Tung Piwu, Liu Po-cheng, Chu Teh, Chen Yun, Li Fu-chun, Chen Yi, Li Hsien-nien, Hsu Hsiang-chien, Nieh Jung-chen and Yeh Chien-ying.
Since the opening of the Ninth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the whole nation has been in jubilation. Hundreds of millions of revolutionary people of all nationalities held grand parades and meetings to celebrate the convening of the congress. This has never been witnessed by previous congresses of the Communist- Party of China. A new high tide in the mass movement for the living study and application of Mao Tsetung Thought and a new high tide in grasping revolution and promoting production and other work and preparedness against war are rising.
Since its opening, the Ninth National Congress of the Communist Party of China has received 1,977 messages and letters of greetings from the Central Committee of the Albanian Party of Labour, many other fraternal Marxist-Leninist Parties and organizations and from many friendly countries, foreign progressive organizations and friendly groups and personages. They extend warm congratulations to the present congress of our Party. The Ninth National Congress of the Communist Party of China expresses heartfelt thanks to them for their greetings and support.
Starting from April 15, the Ninth National Congress of the Communist Party of China will take up the third item on the agenda, the election of the Central Committee of the Party. In the light of the actual conditions in their localities, fields of work and their units, all the delegates will also continue to hold group discussions on further fulfilling all the fighting tasks set forth by the congress.
Selected Works of Mao Tse-tung