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The Militant Masthead

(1941)

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Volume V No. 5 Friday, February 1, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Introducing the 6-page ‘Militant’

No workers are heard on the war bill—all who testify are handpicked—house foreign affairs committee ignores request of S.W.P. Spokesman to be heard; AFL, CIO leaders avoid chance to testify
   The election fraud
   Opposition leaderless
   Stalinist fraud

Negro worker lynched in government camp—mob murders him at Camp Blanding; tragedy was possible only because of government-approved "white supremacy" system

On the war fronts, by George Stern

Bill aimed at “communists” is anti-labor

One militant to another (Cartoon)

2-day protest at Bethlehem Steel
   Union mass meet

Union Steel at wartime level of profits

Grace Carlson tour this week

Workers’ Forum
   What big business things about the labor situation
   Nazis make ghettoes in Poland; and in the South Worker pictures conditions on Army camp construction jobs—old union men have to struggle against rotten conditions without the help of the unions; but they do find way, by a Construction Worker
   $$$ Paytriotism
   War ‘unionism’
   Men fight back
   Spontaneous protest

Schedule of Carlson tour

It’s true about New York! says Grace Carlson, by Grace Carlson

Hillmanites defeated in U.E. Election—key New York Local re-elects previous administration
   Progressive policy
   Carey turns tail

Picket Jim Crow FDR inaugural concert Highlights in the labor press, by Carl O-Shea Trotsky memorial fund

The Negro struggle, by Albert Parker
   Jim Crow air pilots
   War industries Jim Crow
    Duranty hints Stalin’s move—the Communist Party will be ‘demoted’ at the forthcoming conference, by John G. Wright
   Duranty, agent of Stalin’s GPU
   Why should Stalin weaken his party?
   The party is now an obstacle to Stalin London workers form committees in raid ‘shelters’ A typical British colony, by George Padmore
   Betraying socialism
   Huge profits Green does it better

Trotskyists are arrested in Britain—protest is sent to Lord Halifax—letter to Halifax proves our British comrades are victims of crude frameup Trotskyist papers before the six-page Militant (picture) Notes from Latin America
   ’Continental defenders’ Harlan miners freed at last The Militant our teacher in China, by Lo Sen Democracy and Churchill’s ban on the ‘Daily Worker’
   Hitler could have said the same things!
   The principles of bourgeois democracy
   By these principles the British action is damned

1200 Detroit girls win Neisner strike Babcock-Wilcox strike is won, get wage raise The record of the War Labor Board of 1918—the price that Labor paid even after the war for Gompers’ support of the war, by Michael Cort
   Gompers-Wilson honeymoon ends
   The fruit of Gompers’ policy
   Gompers offers anti-strike services
   Will it happen aagain? [Sic] UAW opens Chicago drive—two hundred thousand Chicago members is slogan at first UAW mass meeting
   ’Full pay for draftees’
   Thomas lays down Strike deadline at Whelan Drug Jamaica Negro group starts on right track
   Stalinists trying comeback AFL food workers convention plans include Jim Crow! Birth control is no panacea, but it deserves Labor’s aid against reaction, by Antoinette F. Konikow, M.D.
   Dangers confronting birth control advocates
   Catholic opposition and its internal difficulties

Fight with the Socialist Workers Party Why ‘The Militant’ Teachers union’s fight to protect its members—all unions should have supported its struggle to keep its membership lists away from the Rapp-Coudert committee
   Cowards desert
   Minneapolis case
   Price of factionalism The split in the Socialist Party on aid to Britain, by Art Preis
   Thomas loses his chief lieutenants
   What the split is about A touchstone McReynolds retires Conscientious objectors cannot stop Jim Crow, by Albert Parker
   What’s wrong with Calloway’s method
   Negroes must join fight for military training



Volume V No. 6 Saturday, February 8, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Introducing the 6-page ‘Militant’ War bill will pass by ‘compromise—enemy’ provides formula—essentials of bill are left untouched by Republicans
   
   The sky’s the limit SWP candidate for Congress—Arthur Burch is named as our candidate in 17th congressional district election contest against both boss parites [sic]
   
   Fight boss parties On the war fronts, by George Stern Chicago strikers are still out, 6,500 strong (picture) Why we fight the war bill—an editorial Navy negotiating with Ford for new contracts—ballyhoo about small contract refused to Ford covers up big contract he got and equally big ones he’s to get Vinson anti-Labor bill is gov’t trial balloon Grace Carlson tour this week -
    Workers’ Forum
   Colored worker says his people should read the MILITANT Phelps-Dodge strikers victory; company agrees to negotiate—boss had refused to agree to an NLRB election Highlights in the Labor press, by Carl O’Shea Reuther tries to outwit locals—he and Thomas are trying to find way to overrule General Motors conference
   Pay for draftees Attention - Local New York Grace Carlson thanks N.Y. for banquet, by Grace Carlson Waller death sentence is appealed Schedule of Carlson tour Trotsky memorial fund—109% score as drive closes! by Farrell Dobbs The Militant army

Internal Stalinist declaration on ‘Trotskyism’—it launches witch-hunt against Communist Party’s own members
   Why they fear their own members
   Stalin’s recent anti-Labor laws
   What happened in the Red Army
   Stalin’s foreign policy
   United fronts with Trotskyists
   Stalinist ‘anti-war’ pacifism
   We continue Lenin’s programs Text of Communist Party statement on Trotskyism
   Dangerous underestimations
   For vigilance and education
   Guarding against Trotskyite penetration
   The necessity of study

The new statues of the Red Army—officers’ control is now complete—can now shoot their subordinates for the slightest act of insubordination, by L. Pokras New army statutes indicate Stalin’s agenda for the 18th conference, by John G. Wright Walter Duranty—LIAR Beria removed at head of the GPU Red Caps union presents case—presents court with damning evidence that railroads violated wage law
   Red Caps testify The vote for Trotskyism in Minnesota, by Grace Carlson
   Workers remember Stalinist crimes
   Stalinists wrecked Farmer-Labor Party
   The Trotskyist record is clear
   The 1940 election campaign

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Fight against Byrne’s appointment
   New Deal testimony against Byrnes! How they let Hitler take power—the second and third internationals let him in without a fight, by Harry Frankel
   The task of smashing fascism
   The record of the Social Democrats
   The similar record of the Communist Party
   The coming revolution in Germany 4,350,000 tags to identify casualties, ordered by Army

Just what happened when the A.P.M. went to Washington, by John Fredericks
   Leaders haven’t many ideas

Citizenship lost in Panama

The British Goebbels on Kenya—Churchill’s ministry of propaganda tells a whopper, by J. Ingram
   Their land stolen, then forced labor
   Outdoing Hitler’s propaganda ministry
   If this isn’t slavery, what is?

It can happen here

Green’s offer to Ford

West Coast sailors blast Dirksen shipowners bill—Sailors Union of the Pacific launches struggle to defeat “National Defense” bill designed to destroy the Union Hall

The spectre of the revolution haunts this industrialist, by Edith Kane
   A serious estimate of the future
   Mr. Wilson’s “Great Plan”
   He knows what’s coming!

Spell is free

The coming election in Bohn aluminum Local
   It’s just words in the Daily Worker
   Tasks that are facing the Union



Volume V No. 7 Saturday, February 15, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Introducing the 6-page ‘Militant’ Krivitsky murdered by Stalin’s GPU—"suicide” notes branded forgeries by friends—those named in “letters” call them GPU fabrications; contents of “letters” are utterly unlike Krivitsky
   Police bungle
   GPU killer here
   Forged “letters" Why Krivitsky was murdered—Stalin’s regime is in mortal crisis; it lashes about like a dying monster, by the Editors
   The specific motive Grace Carlson tour this week The list of GPU victims is very long
   Mass murders
   Trotsky family destroyed Fights against war is SWP election keynote—members welcome congressional contest in NY’s 17th district as chance to rally workers against both boss parties GPU forged letters like Krivitsky’s before, by Lydia Beidel
   Same GPU methods used on Klement
   Suspicious aspects of the Krivitsky letters
   A new blunder by the GPU

Workers’ Forum
   "One-third ill-housed” will stay that way Ten workers die in fire-swept “national defense” factory—was a fire-trap because boss wouldn’t spend a few dollars; city and federal authorities closed their eyes to bad conditions
   Ordered to stay
   Sprinklers shut off
   Whitewash indicated Highlights in the Labor press, by Carl O’Shea Twin cities banquet its ‘Militant’ pluggers
   Party press history
   Planting the seeds
   Began as 8-year old
   Sub drive launched UAW asks Ford to negotiate—Ford says no and it’s the Union’s move; Union drive at peak; it’s now or never
   Now what?
   Ford workers ready Hudson men penalized by Reuther and Thomas Queens workers make new gains Schedule of Carlson tour ’Militant’ Army

How Stalin murdered Trotsky—Jacson and the Mexican Stalinists who made earlier attempt are now on trial, by Joseph Hansen
   Stalin lies lead police off trail
   Trail leads to Communist Party Krivitsky slain by Stalin’s GPU (continued from page 1)
   Washington’s silence Stalin’s murder list is long (continued from Page 1)
   The GPU in Spain
   Other Trotskyists Chiang Kai-shek and the Stalinists—meaning of his laughter of the New Fourth Army is deliberately hidden by Browder, by Li Fu-Jen
   A year of local civil wars
   Browder’s alibi examined
   Bourgeoisie admits the truth GPU forged other letters (continued from Page 1) Grace Carlson reports on Negro audiences, by Grace Carlson

Why Krivitsky was murdered by Stalin’s GPU (continued from Page 1)
   Stalin’s involuntary testimony
   Stalin’s desperate Ukases
   The resort to child labor
   Free education becomes “evil"
   The crisis in agriculture
   Rising pricesindex of crisis
   New measures of desperation Browder knows the man who shot Krivitsky—Stalin’s GPU murder machine uses the “Communist” party in each country for its gangster work
   Power of the GPU’s American agent
   Financial powers of the GPU
   No analogy with classical terrorism

The Negro struggle, by Albert Parker
   Randolph, the Judas goat
   Two kinds of imperialism?
   The truth about Ethiopia The aluminum monopoly on trial—it controlled magnesium to prevent it from being produced, by Don Dore
   A vast international trust conspiracy
   Designed to prevent use of magnesium Batista’s latest ukase against Cuba’s workers, by Rosas
   Batista obeys his master’s voice The Stalinists capture the corpse of the Minnesota Farmer-Labor Party
   Control see-saws
   Pro-war element FBI pushing for adoption of wire tapping bill

Fight the GPU! Stalin’s alibi Maritime unions faced by Dirksen’s new bill—fortunately, all unions, AFL and CIO alike know that this is a common danger which all must join in fighting against
   Omnibus bill
   Union tasks
   A union offensive Pacifist clap-trap is “anti-war” Stalinist program, by Michael Cort
   Like all previous Stalinist “fronts"
   Pious appeals to morality Ford’s anti-union game is to divide the races, by Albert Parker
   Uncle Tom banquet
   Ford threatens Negroes
   Task of CIO
   Why Negroes hesitate



Volume V No. 8 Saturday, February 22, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Stalin murdered Krivitsky—the new proof —see Page 3

’Risk of war’ admitted by FDR men—phrase is a part of war move—is step to prepare public for actual war involvement; formula of “all aid short of war” dropped altogether

GPU now attempt to free killers of Trotsky—first open move is made to get Siqueiros out of jail, after judges, in fear of their lives, refuse to pass on his case Unesthetic details
   Stalinist testimony

Bandiera Rossa!

On the war fronts, by George Stern S.W.P. Will back A.L.P. candidate for Congress

What big business says CIO “defense plan” really means What U.S. Army officers think of democracy

Workers’ Forum
   Wants us to review dean of Canterbury’s “Soviet Power"
   We’ve done it

Newark readers!

Battering down Ford’s Bastille (picture)

Wartime censoring has already begun, says boss organ

Highlights in the Labor press, by Carl O’Shea

"Silk Stocking” district has many poor—they like our program—those who signed nominating petitions for our candidate knew what they were supporting: they made sure of that
   Examined program
   Friendly responses
   Not so friendly
   Penthouse Stalinist

Grace Carlson reports on new Locals, by Grace Carlson

Schedule of Carlson tour ’Militant’ Army

   Sub drive gathers steam
   Mass work in the Bronx

Stalin assassinated Krivitsky: the new proof—what the police translator “failed” to tell was in the “suicide” letter, by the Editors
Krivitsky slain, says Barmine—ex-Soviet envoy, on Stalin’s list, warns friends he will never commit suicide
   When Barmine broke Stalin’s 18th party “conference” opens, by John G. Wright

How their own lies expose the liars

Nazi press pleased at the death of Walter Krivitsky Who belongs to the Russian party?

"Thieves” break into “New Leader” office

The Negro and the U.S. Army—what is happening now is a repetition of what happened in 1917—by Eugene Varlin

How about these bottlenecks? (chart)

Two blessed events for the Du Ponts, by Don Dore
   Share and share alike with the workers
   Why it’s called “Dynasty of Death"
   Corruption Flourishes where Du Ponts are Youngstown “quickie” gets quick results—widespread use of “quickie” strikes shows steel workers are getting ready for action
   "Quickie” tactic Chiang Kai-shek and the Stalinists—Chiang oppresses masses regardless of consequences to the war against Japan, by Li Fu-Jen
   Events leading to the clash
   The lie of “national unity"

It was a sham battle Philip Murray’s plan Browder and Bridges Bandiera Rossa The crisis with Japan is over—for a minute—both sides have other more pressing business and seek a temporary truce; but the battle for empire is coming
   Words followed by war moves
   Both sides seek temporary truce What you’ll get (picture) What Britain means by “independence” for Ethiopia
   Ah, the White Man’s “Burden" War contract scandals begin—here’s No.1 Draftees won’t go home at end of year, says general A note on Greek war aims

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Beware of Judas goats!
   What Lauson really means How the GPU murdered Ignace Reiss—the Swiss police caught one of the GPU agents involved and solved the crime, by Joseph Hansen
   The assassins identified
   The first arrest
   How the GPU murdered Reiss
   A “friend” betrayed Reiss
   The “laxity” of the French police
   The plot against Trotsky and his son GPU is trying to free murderers of Trotsky (continued from Page 1)
   Now on offensive
   What it would mean How Stalin stopped purging the party His new fireside companions Gentle Cordell



Volume V No. 9 March 1, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Stalin’s new crop of scapegoats, see Page 4

Roosevelt refuses to list war aims—lines up with British Tories—his stand helps extreme right wing in England against the widespread demand for a concrete statement of war aims
   Issue in Britain
   For colonial freedom
   What this means
   Our program Far East crisis flares up again—joint Anglo-U.S. Moves seeks to checkmate Japan: “bluff” may be called very soon, by George Stern
   Japan’s move now
   U.S. Committee Harvester strikes are still out—6,500 men stand firm on demands—Haymarket martyr’s widow, 82, speaks to strike pickets
   Pickets in force Strike vote carries at Bethlehem steel plant—Lackawanna plant men vote six to one for strike after over a thousand men are suspended or discharge by company
   Solidarity shown
   Company terror
   Union demands
   Negro militants Home guards used for first time—against strikers

Workers’ Forum
   First open attack on Hillman in a UAW paper
   Women should get same wage as men for the same work Vote six-to-one for Unionism—but AFL is close behind CIO in vote
   CIO’s poor tactics
   A danger sign
   Job stewards are key

Schedule of Carlson tour

Highlights in the Labor press, by Carl O’Shea

Youngstown public utility union wins first contract

Thompson food chain negotiations going on

’Militant’ Army
   Full steam ahead in drive!!
   How they’re doing it

Newark SWP names Breitman as city election candidate—calls upon unions to run independent Labor Party ticket for city commission
   Bosses united
   Labor must unite

Grace Carlson in Memphis on her tour

SWP is campaigning for Connolly, ALP Candidate—asks United Labor support for congressional candidate in 17th New York District, criticises [sic] his pacifist program
   ALP pacifist program
   Rally on March 6
   Workers’ letters Move to lift New York teachers union charter comes from Green, by Cara Sutton
   Anti-class struggle and anti-Soviet
   Green, Woll & Co. behind this move
   Pretexts for revocations examined and disproved
   The fatal error of the opposition UAW-CIO gets a taste of wartime unionism—three-fold pressure of corporations, govenment [sic] agencies and top union leadership bears down; but the ranks are learning
   
   Men are learning Shachtman says he didn’t know the gun was loaded

Stalin’s new list of scapegoats—heads roll for his bankruptcy—list of purged is, in reality, a list of industries which are in dire crisis
   Compare Stalin’s boasts with those purged!
   Short life for GPU and Army heads
   A crude attempt to cover up the debacle Duranty silent since Jan. 29

Boy flogger good enough for Army he’s colonel now

Litvinov’s fate: Molotov’s future

The Negro and the U.S. Army—Negroes were discriminated against in draft of 1917; then Jim Crowed in Army, by Eugene Varlin
   White officers over black troops

The MARXIST SCHOOL

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Fate of France’s Negro troops
   The poll tax fight
   Judas goats (colored)
   Jim Crow in “defense” jobs The new fourth Army’s fate—Stalinists now admit that Chiang Kai-shek himself slaughtered it, by Li Fu-Jen
   Twelve demands
   Same false policy
   A new revelation
   One or the other New publications that belong in a worker’s library
   ’Fourth International’
   Goldman’s pamphlet Judge Frankfurter answered by his book, by Ruth Jeffrey
   Anti-labor consequences of Frankfurter verdict
   A complete indictment of his present verdict

We’re in the war . . . Support the A.L.P. Roosevelt’s ethics How to get war orders: become gov’t ‘advisor’—a stench is rising over Washington; as the fat cats fight around the gravy bowl; those frozen out spill the story, by Don Dore
   Those frozen out reveal the facts
   How to get big contracts
   Investigation seems not too serious

Negro press comments on British failure to state war aims

Eleanor Roosevelt gets us ready to sacrifice

Wilkie’s real views in November



Volume V No. 10 Saturday, March 8, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Strike brings victory at Bethlehem—two days’ struggle does it—Bethlehem’s myth of invincibility is gone forever
   A national inspiration
   Workers won alone Kremlin worries by Hitler’s move—but its timid protest is addressed to Bulgaria and not to the Nazi invader Cops couldn’t breaks this picket line (picture) Bethlehem men show the way!—And everywhere workers are showing they understand this is the right time to strike, an Editorial On the War Fronts, by George Stern Ford men all set for biggest strike ever—physical struggles break out between unionists and Ford’s thugs danger spot in strike is failure to concentrate on Negro workers
   Black and white unite and fight! Odell Waller meeting

Workers’ Forum
   A worker’s letter about life in an Army camp Allis-Chalmers men on the march (picture) OPM executive found to be on British payroll Highlights in the Labor Press, by Carl O’Shea Anti-union move at Morris Park railway shops, by the Queens Correspondent
   Divide and rule Strike for pensions for lead-poisoned battery workers Schedule of Carlson tour Connolly, ALP candidate, is back on ballot for election—crude frameup by Democratic-Republican majority of Bd of Elec. Is too raw to stick and judge reinstates only Labor candidate
   Press distorts facts
   ALP program false
   Stalinist reactions
   Rally goes on The Marxist School ’Militant’ Army

Harvester strike spreads to the fourth plant—2nd Chicago plant shut down tight
   Cops back down
   Settlement terms
   Company’s profits Bethlehem strike victorious
   Cops talk big
   The big test
   Mayor concedes defeat
   Strike background
   Hillman butts in
   Picket-line majority
   Negroes in front Labor’s stake in Newark election—war boom brings trade union struggles; Labor must also fight boss parties, by George Breitman
   Two boss factions
   Byrne’s record Carnegie steel workers are on the go too (picture) Flint Fisher body fight on suspensions still on—Fisher Local 518 members feel that only the union should have the power to discipline its members
   A company weapon

Toledano moves to free Siqueiros, by Walter Rourke

Hitler’s “New Order” doesn’t work—Hitler sought to avoid errors of 1914-8 invasions, but same fatal flaws appear again, by Felix Morrow
   Hitler’s original plan for Europe
   Hitler’s plan proves impossible
   Why Hitler blames “outside agitators"
   Trotsky predicted Hitler’s fatal weakness

The Negro and the U.S. Army—he went to war for “democracy” in 1917—and was treated like a slave, by Eugene Varlin

Chiang Kai-shek moves against 8th route army—only the aroused agrarian revolution can defeat Chiang’s reactionary onslaught, by Li Fu-Jen

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Jim Crow means death
   British “democracy” at work
   Lawson defends Judas goats Stalin resorts to inflation—the printing presses will ‘make’ rubles—and hunger, by John G. Wright
   Printing-press “profits"
   Where will Stalin find this money Stalin’s arithmetic in one country Phillip Murray’s statement on the “Lease-Lend” bill, by Harry Frankel
   Murray advised the war-mongers
   Difference between Murray and Green The end of the popular front in Chile, by Quebracho
   Popular front launched as pro-U.S. Body Rulers fear workers

The Bethlehem strike

Knudsen’s demand

British workers cold to Stalinist pacifism—that’s why the Churchill government was able to suppress the “Daily Worker” with impunity; Trotskyists ask United Front

Stalinist policy ducks fight against Hitler

Why Roosevelt and Churchill can’t state war aims, by Albert Goldman

Their plans for Germany

The “democrats” must be hypocrites James B. Carey, U.E. head, and the Militant
    Carey is consistent but about what?

Yes, we choose Connolly, an Editorial



Volume V No. 11 Saturday, March 15, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Lend-lease clears way for A.E.F.—Roosevelt can take us to war—refusal to accept amendments shows he’ll go the limit

Ford and Negroes—the UAW-CIO can smash Ford’s scheme to divide black and white

Union can win N.Y. bus strike unbeatable power of transport workers shown in first three days of strike

Grace Carlson tour this week

Fight against war goes on!—Passage of lend-lease law cannot and will not halt fight on next war moves—an Editorial

On the war fronts, by George Stern

ALP vote near 4,000 in N.Y. Congress poll

2 auto strikes on in Detroit—Federal Truck, Midland Steel, shut down; GM negotiations may produce fireworks
   GM parleys begin
   Ford battle prepared

Workers’ Forum
   Army doctor says medical corps incompetent

War orders probe has teeth pulled before it starts

What the home guard’s for (picture)

Highlights in the Labor press, by Carl O’Shea

’Militant’ Army

Four-day strike at Fada Radio is victorious

Vanadium strikers denounce CIO director’s aid to boss firmly continue their strike, demanding new guard jobs be filled only by union, by James Cook
   Union claims jobs
   Grievance ignored
   Other unions help

Schedule of Carlson tour

L.A. Stalinists try to stop “Militant” sales

General Motors settles Flint Fisher No. 1 fight

UAW elections show the trend—"Labor Statesmen” have little prestige among men, returns in elections show
   Mazey may withdraw
   Wins by 66 votes
   Reuther in trouble Harvester strike in 7th week—back to work move flops; men are firm
   AFL’s scab role
   

This makes four of a kind (picture)

Wall St. Planned GM provocation—recent provocations are spearhead in a drive to smash the UAW-CIO altogether
   A deliberate plot
   A dead give-away
   Union must act
   Now’s the time!

New strike may hit Bethlehem—Lackawanna manager is balking against composition of grievance committee
   Workers’ spirits high
   Huge profits
   New situation
   The company’s domain

U.S. Steel gets demand for new union contract—SWOC’s formal notice for negotiations cancels old contract; ten cents an hour raise for common labor is chief demand
   Contract expires
   Gigantic profits
   Union debunks alibi

James B. McNamara dies

SWP fights against ban on CP in Penna.

The Negro and the U.S. Army—the story of what happened to the colored soldiers and officers in 1917, by Eugene Varlin
   Distribution of the Negro troops
   The colored officer

Newark labor and the tax question, by George Breitman
   Our answer
   Step. No. 2

Why we supported the A.L.P.—An answer to critics on the principles involved in backing Eugene Connolly, by Albert Goldman
   We are for an independent Labor Party
   The ALP has real trade union support
   Yes, we’ll fight side by side with Stalinists
   The effect of our support to the ALP

Joe Gouailhardou

A Scottish Labor paper on British “democracy"

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker

Jim Crow plans of the Bourbons

Discrimination in military training Who defends the terrorists?—Stalinist would free Siqueriros, the murderer of Bob Harte, by Natalia Trotsky

Reminding “El Popular” what it said then

Now these hirelings defend this terrorist

The Mexican people have not forgotten

The Mexican workers will not permit this infamy Bourgeoisie fears study of its own revolutionary past, by Harry Frankel

Stalinist confusion here as everywhere What the critics didn’t tell about Ambassador Dodd’s diary

“"Democracies” sought war against USSR

Bullitt’s anti-Soviet role

"Democracies” helped arm Hitler Paytriotism plus

Roosevelt on strikes

Army discipline

The miners’ demands

Capitalist ‘Democracy’

"Defense” means worse wages in canneries—the National Defense Commission absolved the canneries from obeying the chief provision of the Walsh-Healey Act
   How they “solved” this problem
   Conditions in this industry The British workers—not Churchill—can defeat fascism, by Jack Weber
   Why not socialism now?
   Workers can end this war Transport workers can win despite La Guardia
   Many cops assigned
   Strike machinery
   Company profits
   Mayor’s fink role
   Subway fight soon
   This isn’t 1916
   Never again!



Volume V No. 12 Saturday, March 22, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Roosevelt takes charge of the war—Churchill is now FDR lieutenant—tenor of speech is that of general of the “democracies”
   Boss press cheers
   World conquest

Vanadium strike can’t be halted—strikers blast Hillman for doing dirty strikebreaking work of the corporation
   Plain scabherding
   Indict Hillman

Detroit auto strike pickets (picture)

Equal sacrifice is a crude lie, an Editorial

Bus walkout holding firm
   Rats yell “red”

Fight against Ford heads towards strike
   Workers show power
   NLRB hearings
   Vote means nothing
   Battles not ballots
   Ford wants time

Breitman opens SWP campaign in Newark
   City Hall’s role
   Workers’ control

Minn. Negroes fight color bar—Governor Stassen’s ban against Negroes in state home guard is fought vigorously
   Stassen’s new trick
   Protest meetings
   Indict renegades
   What is home guard?

New York bus strikers firm—not a bit scared by La Guardia’s plan for strikebreakers (continued from Page 1)
   Union cuts demands Thompson chain out on strike, by Lou Cooper
   What company offered
   Company’s “earnings"
   Union will win

SWP fights bill to ban C.P. from ballot in Wisconsin

Newark housing crisis deepened by the war—even the few housing projects will now be turned over to “defense” needs; both City Hall machines are in on it . . . , By George Breitman
   Situation not changed
   What NHA proposes

Marxist school starts Mar. 24

Vanadium strike holds firm (continued from Page 1)

Ford fight near strike (continued from Page 1)
   Run-around again
   Ford is the key

Miners name their demands—$1 a day raise is the main point
   Our inflation!
   Hits profiteers
   Miners’ low wages

CIO barely scrapes through North American aircraft poll—bosses and patriotic ballyhoo favored AFL machinists; and the CIO directors didn’t do the necessary job of organization
   CIO’s mistake
   The job ahead

Phila. Strikers punish scabs who shot at them—union wins strike against progress manufacturing co.
   Battle with scabs
   Scabs use pistols

The Negro and the U.S. Army—what happened in 1917-18 shows how the bosses are thinking now, by Eugene Varlin
   Why Negro officers were removed
   The Negro labor battalions

Steel labor is on the march everywhere—Bethlehem’s L.A. Plant is struck—West Coast fabricating plant shut down when company won’t reinstate 4 members
   Wage and profits Picketing a Bethlehem plant (picture) SWOC growing in Chicago area—dues-inspection picket lines get amazing results in Indiana Harbor and Gary plants
   Dues pickets
   Awakens the men

U.S. Steel parley is crucial—Roosevelt speech is threat against steel workers
   A second threat
   Union demands
   Workers want action

Little steel strike taught workers whom not to trust—never put any faith in the government and its National Guard; trust only in Labor’s power—that’s the lesson of 1937, by Art Preis
   The union’s growth
   Union growth continues
   Big steel’s game
   The strike begins
   Murder for profit
   Government —strikebreaker
   Smashing the strike
   The Johnstown formula

Brill plant is shut by strike—SWOC shows workers’ power when boss keeps stalling on renewal of contract
   The simple lesson
   The union’s demands Steel profits

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker Tenth anniversary of Scottsboro case
   What saved the boys
   The result of the Stalinist line

A glimpse at U.S. Diplomats—ambassador Dodd painted a devastating portrait of these parasites, by Art Preis
   A typical example of bourgeois hypocrisy
   Dodd’s descriptions of American diplomats
   Dodd’s picture of the State Department

Why Connolly didn’t get more votes for A.L.P., by Joseph Hansen

The immortal Paris Commune—March 18th was the 70th anniversary of that great uprising
   Degenerate Stalinism perverts history
   How the Russian revolution really happened
   Marx and Lenin on the Commune
   A new alibi for Stalin’s blood purges

The mediation board and Phillip Murray Concentration camps

Natalia Trotsky calls for trial of assassin—protests against latest moves to avoid trial of Siqueiros, murderer of Robert Sheldon Harte, Trotsky’s secretary, by Walter Rourke
   "Psychological” bullets
   Seeks Jacson’s release
   Abundant GPU money

Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   Shachtman’s latest critique Some amazing figures expose Stalin’s rule, by John G. Wright
   What these figures mean is clear
   The Stalin school of “statistics"

Army rejections show physical toll of Depression



Volume V No. 13 Saturday, March 29, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Mediation is blow against workers —board’s aim is to stifle all demands of workers
   Boss gains much Stalin’s fear of Hitler shown in Ankara pledge—Kremlin;’s policy is determined by its fear of involvement in the war; will make new deal with Hitler if threatened
   Germany not addressed
   Dardanelles the key
   Possible alternatives

AFL leaders aid cops in scabherding at Harvester—CIO warns it will answer by all-city protest strike
   Other plans shut
   Injunction helped scabs

Bethlehem pickets in action (picture)

On the War Fronts, by George Stern

UAW-CIO shows power at Ford in 3 stoppages—Ford backing down for the moment, but fight isn’t over

Main Bethlehem plant shut down by strike—union protest against company union develops into full-fledged strike battle
   Unions demands Lackawanna militants halted Bethlehem ‘election’ move
   Company retreats

Thompson chain daren’t reopen—food workers Local 302 closed ten stores and will keep them closed till settlement
   Their first strike
   Boss turns up!
   No scabs, please

Ever less for the workers (chart)

Harry Bridges defense committee (picture)

Highlights in the Labor press, by Carl O’Shea

UAW-CIO shows power at Ford in 3 stoppages (continued from Page 1)
   Ford’s game Midland strike ’Militant’ Army
   Here we are for both weeks
   Mass work in Buffalo & Pittsburgh

Local 3 men on trial in Queens—electrical workers show up prosecution as bunglers in anti-Labor frameup, by the Queens Correspondent

SWP candidate blast bill to keep C.P. Off Jersey ballot

Second Week Begins March 31st—The Marxist School

Grace Carlson tour this week

Latest issue of Russian Bulletin

Union victor in N.Y. Bus strike—forces bosses to drop wage cut proposal; battle on subway will come in June
   Settlement terms
   Strikebreaking moves
   Who is the public
   Publicity problem California aircraft pickets (picture) Bethlehem’s main plant is struck (continued from Page 1)
   Strike notice served
   A protest strike
   Company union’s method He’s not smiling now! (Picture) James B. Carey comes out for Red-baiting Life and death issues in the Vanadium strike—every striker has miner’s asthma from this death-dealing work: without a union’s protection these men will die so much sooner
   Death-dealing jobs
   A band of heroes
   Why they strike
   Strikers need aid Bulletin: Murray enters Vanadium strike Buffalo committee demand aircraft jobs for Negroes

The Negroes’ fight for jobs, equal rights—many bills introduced against discrimination—but not all of them are really for the benefit of the Negro; one group of them is really bosses’ weapon against unions, by Albert Parker
   The fight to get jobs for Negroes
   Bills against unions will harm Negroes
   We can’t let enemies “clean” our house
   The CIO shows what can be done Future outlook league growing in Cleveland—Negro organization uses militant methods to win jobs; encourages its members to join the CIO and AFL trade unions, by George Schraum
   How the F.O.L. gets jobs for Negroes
   F.O.L. Says it stands for trade unionism Unions support defense of Odell Waller May probe Jim Crow in war industries The Negro and the U.S. Army, by Eugene Varlin
   Inadequately trained for fighting
   Attitude of the white soldiers

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   The fight against Ford
   Who taught Hitler The War Labor Board of 1918—the story of the model which Roosevelt has used for his present board, by Michael Cort
   Gompers’ role
   How board operated
   The run-around
   Strikebreaking rules
   Gompers get “reward"
   Wanted to continue
   The fruits ripen
   Not this time!

Stalin’s analogy between himself and bloody Ivan, by Jack Weber
   Ivan’s role in history
   We grant Stalin his analogy

The giant insurance monopoly, by Don Dore
   Tentacles of the octopus are everywhere
   A gang of thieves on the grand scale
   Try to find out what’s going on!
   How they handled this hot potato

The mediation board

Halifax’s speech

"Good neighbor” Mexico means a good servant—the consequences of Camacho’s policy mean that Mexico would be a colonial dependency of Yankee imperialism, by Bernard Ross
   Unanswered questions
   Padilla’s “answer" Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman Philip Murray’s remarks on the mediation board
   Industry councils
   Five objections



Volume V No. 14 Saturday, April 5, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Labor’s answer to government strikebreaking, an Editorial

A program for today’s fight

Steel workers win in two Bethlehem strikes—SWOC shows strength in huge victory parade, by Art Preis


   Now they know

This human wall did it (picture)

On the war fronts, by George Stern

Jugoslav masses given no part in army coup—new regime a dictatorship, like the old; but the revolt was popular, for the masses are determined to resist fascism
   Pro-Russian peasantry
   Are Stalinists switching?

Workers’ Forum
   Harlem Negroes are picketing bus lines for jobs for Negroes

Thompson chain strikers (picture)

Grace Carlson tour this week

Stalinist goons attack ‘Militant’ salesmen in N.Y.

United May Day group meets—police refuse committee’s line of march; SWP delegates seated only as observers, by Joseph Hansen
   Police are hostile
   What is needed

Highlights in the Labor press, by Carl O’Shea

’Militant’ Army
   Mass strikes and mass circulation
   Splendid results of our sub campaign Grace Carlson reports West Coast meeting, by Grace Carlson

Newark’s relief system exposed—after driving workers’ organizations out of stations, city slashed relief budgets, by George Breitman
   Relief today
   Condemned to freeze
   The way out

Progress mfg. on strike in Philadelphia

Government’s strikebreaking attempt at Allis-Chalmers foiled by labor unity—Knox and Knudsen believed they had Murray’s support for move
   The union’s proposal
   Government strikebreaking
   Knox-Knudsen’s order
   Police forces ready
   Strikers stand firm
   Murray’s telegram
   Meeting refutes lie

Vanadium strikers accept mediation board proposal

The Negro and the U.S. Army, by Eugene Varlin
   Christian charity and the Negro soldiers
   The Negro soldiers return TWU girds for subway fight—$100,000 fighting fund received by union; La Guardia [sic] hiring 271 cops as “guards”

Steel workers organizing committee lick Bethlehem—workers’ own strength did the job, by Art Preis (continued from Page 1)
   Symbol of defiance
   Silent factories
   Town is SWOC
   Settlement terms
   Workers know fight still lies ahead
   Story of the strike
   Police provocation
   Government strikebreakers
   Riffe stops pickets
   Picket lines renewed
   Company tricks fail
   Their one regret
   AFL workers help
   The children’s war
   Then and now
   Workers learn politics SWOC keeps Brill Phila. Shops shut California Auto Pickets (picture) A financial writer on the Bethlehem strike’s meaning Maryland’s anti-strike laws defied by SWOC—Sparrows Point fight to bring Bethlehem to terms goes on

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   An urgent appeal
   Repeating 1917? Britain’s people’s convention—the Stalinists saddled it with a petty-bourgeois pacifist program, by C. Van Gelderen
   It endangers the real militant task
   Stalin’s British agents ready for switch Britain’s labor leaders—their actual role, by Jack Weber
   Workers would have battled
   Hiding signs of discontent
   A capitalist’s frank remarks American peace mobilization?

Belgium’s official labor leaders—servants of the king, they now serve Hitler or Churchill, by J. Van Den Coste
   A “socialist” call for dismembering Germany
   "Socialists’ in the service of Hitler
   Why these “socialists” now serve Hitler

Grim anniversary They praise violence!

Convoys next

GPU frees Siqueiros; buys Mexican “justice” leader of May 24, 1940 machine-gun attack on Trotsky house is released on bail despite guilt for Bob Harte’s murder
   Siqueiros’ guilt
   His absurd alibi
   May free assassin Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman

For the independence of Ethiopia

The fight against British imperialism

Union officials’ salaries must rise, say officials

The results of “fraternization”

The bureaucrat’s view of the world



Volume V No. 15 Saturday, April 12, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Expropriate war industries, run them under workers’ control—time to kick out war profiteers! An Editorial Ford is shut down at last—Ford workers show Hank their power —bold and confident
   Uninspiring publicity On the war fronts—Hitler forced to open new front—Balkan campaign may cost Hitler dearly; Stalin will not fight for Jugoslav ally, by George Stern
   Danger to Hitler
   Stalin’s role clear

They provided the gas (cartoon)

How union officials are used to cover up gov’t strikebreaking

Big loophole made in excess profits tax law—congress quietly adopts amendments to tax law to relieve “war baby” industries from paying hundred of millions

UE general board halts Carey’s Red-baiting move

Farrell Dobbs to speak on the latest strikes

Four IBEW men framed in Queens strike trial—jury of businessmen openly show bias as they convict Local 3 strike leaders
   Prosecution lies
   A paid fink
   They add a victim!

The corpse of company unionism (picture)

Militant salesmen again attacked by Stalinist goons

Army ‘Explains’ Camp Blanding attack on Negro—story in THE MILITANT impels official “investigation” of fate of Negro victim
   War Dept. letter
   Not the whole story

Government intent on deporting Bridges, hearing makes clear—deportation would be blow against the whole labor movement; government’s chief witnesses are renegades from Stalinism
   We must defend him
   CIO understands
   Products of Stalinism
   Gitlow’s record
   Where Gitlow ends up
   Other Stalinist graduates

Grace Carlson in 37th city of her tour, by Grace Carlson ’Militant’ Army

City Hall no friend of Newark’s Negroes—both political machines responsible for Jim Crow practices in city departments, by George Breitman
   City Hall no better
   Housing problem critical
   Vicious inequalities

Martyrs of the working class (picture)

Transport union fights strikebreaking bill—La Guardia sponsored the bill, as part of this vicious drives to destroy the union on the city’s subway systems
   The bill’s provisions
   La Guardia’s bill
   Union can win
   Union daily needed
   Labor unity needed Ford’s empire is shut down at last
   Demands watered down
   Negroes in the union
   Detroit AFL protests
   Union grows stronger
   The main danger

Miners’ strike wins $7 day wage demand—speedy victory comes when miners refuse to go back to work without a contract

The miners helped

How the workers shut down Ford’s River Rouge—a simple but effective strategy closed the plant—and kept it closed
   Ford changes strategy
   How Ford reckoned
   The tactic of ‘37
   All wheels stop!
   Ford’s plan
   The military problem solved by the strikers
   With military precision
   Ford’s plan ruined
   Some deluded workers
   Organizing the war
   Inside the plant
   Mayor demands troops
   The governor’s dilemma
   "Truce” is called
   The spirit of ‘37!

Report Roosevelt sending troops into Dearborn

Start eating those words, Hank

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Pickens gets the booby prize

Help publish our pamphlets!

Who owns the United States?—A government body describes monopoly domination of our lives, by Bernard Forrest
   Wealth concentration described by committee
   The steel and iron empires grow larger
   Some figures on the banking monopoly
   Who gets ll this money?
   Save your money if you can!
   Government speeds up trend to concentration Histadrut in its 20th years in Palestine, by Jack Weber
    Britain is no friend of Jewry The seamen face regimentation—and the fight against it is not aided by patriotic speeches
   Stalinist paved way
   False union tactics
   Lundeberg is mistaken
   Militancy still the way

Stalin’s latest pact The Ford strike FDR on ‘cooling off’ Plan for federal sales tax to pay for war—would follow the tendency in the states, where sales taxes are increasing enormously, while taxes on rich fall off
   Sales taxes increase
   The Times says:
   Rich taxed less Where We stand, by Albert Goldman
   The battle of Yugoslavia
   Between the devil and the deep blue sea
   For revolutionary war against fascism

John L. Lewis speech attacks mediation board

1941 is not 1917! An Editorial



Volume V No. 16 Saturday, April 19, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Stalin’s pact with Japan strikes blow at China—pressure of Hitler forced Stalin to sign it; Soviet Union gains nothing by it and loses the friendship of great masses of workers
   Hitler dictated it
   Soviet Union in danger

Anti-subway workers bill is signed —despite national CIO opposition, Lehman insists on signing

When Ford met the union (picture)

Million union men win steel, coal wages raises—raises are result of strike wave—Ford and Bethlehem strike victories back of wage ‘grant’
   Strikes did it!

On the War Fronts, by George Stern

Trotsky said Stalin-Japan pact would “supplement” Nazi pact

Ford backs down and settles with UAW-CIO—successful strike tie-up forces Ford to deal with union; but compromise settlement doesn’t reflect militancy of picket line
   Negroes join union
   Government aids Ford
   Strikers given no voice
   Workers must decide

Workers’ Forum
   Some key questions asked about socialist policy
   Our answer
   Soldiers told that a mule is worth more than a man Progress mfg strike solid in 3rd week
   Negroes picket

Fun on the picket line (picture)

Grace Carlson ends 3-months national tour—Twin Cities party branches welcome her with banquet

Highlights in the Labor Press, by Carl O’Shea

’Militant’ Army

N.Y.C. Local will hold own May Day rally

A refugee writes from France
   Camp conditions beggar description

How the Ford negotiations were conducted—there was an awful gap between militant picket line and UAW-CIO negotiators
   Ford’s first tactic
   Strike demands changed
   Contrast with 1937
   Ford wants more
   And Ford gets it
   30,000 workers meet

Ford’s goon tried it (picture)

Ford forced to settle with UAW (continued from Page 1)

The government’s anti-strike ‘formula,’ by Don Dore
   Contrast these “settlements” with 1937
   Government may openly take stand against wage increases
   What this formula enables a boss to do
   Bargain till tell freezes over but they won’t get anything
   The “finish fight” will come on wage raises Stalinist ‘portlight’ scared by growth of Trotskyists

Delegate couldn’t get hearing at APM meeting in New York Mazey, Detroit union delegate, refused the floor by Stalinist managers of the “convention,” tells THE MILITANT his story, by Art Preis
   A Stalinist fraud
   Stalinist gag rule
   Stalinist runaround
   Just a circus
   Then come threats!
   Mainly bourgeois pacifists
   A phoney [sic] program

British ‘democracy’ in operation

LaGuardia asks court to outlaw subway union mayor’s latest moves strike at AFL unions as well as CIO; subway workesrs [sic] prepare for showdown on Jone 30th
   Would outlaw strikes
   LaGuardia retreated before
   He serves bankers
   May boomerang
   Union paper needed

Newark Negro “leaders” drop colored candidate no longer backing any colored man for city commission race; back machines, by George Breitman
   CIO endorses his bills

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   The crummiest speed
   Discrimination legislation

Help publish our pamphlets

GPU buys Mexican “Justice"—connection between Siqueiros and Jacson, by Natalia Sedov Trotsky
   Jacson’s first role: to open the gates
   Was Jacson the unidentified “Frenchman"?
   Siqueiros’ testimony aloe damns him
   Mexican public opinion knows what Baltimore and the battle of the Atlantic, by Joad Hawkins
   Baltimore’s bosses need war
   It’s war or groaning docks Court releases Harte murderer, by Walter Rourke
   Siqueiros’ admissions
   Lie upon lie
   The GPU’s new plan

Labor on the march

Business as usual

War orders mirror who controls this country
   The press is silent about this sabotage! Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   The Stalinist “peace” movement
   Ignores the nature of capitalist war
   Not a word about fascism! Norman Thomasites confess Two out of five called for draft found unfit
   A direct result of the economic system



Volume V No. 17 Saturday, April 26, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

All unions condemn Vinson bill —anti-strike, open-shop vill blasted by CIO, AFL—main danger now is maneuver by FDR to provide ‘compromise’
   Roosevelt’s game
   ’Last resort’ threat

Fascism will be smashed—by a workers-farmers government—May Day manifesto of the socialist wokers [sic] party

30,000 Ford workers meet (picture)

On the War Fronts, by George Stern

General Motors strike vote starts Monday—GM workers are determined to win wage raises, union shop; are inspired by Ford strike, raises in steel, coal, clothing
   Record of negotiations
   Workers are firm
   Company’s huge profits
   Inspired by strike gains

Workers’ Forum
   Soldiers forbidden to write letters to congressmen
   Protests inference that any seamen are fascists
   Our answer

Negro picket line wins jobs on N.Y. bus lines—contract signed by company, negroes and union on jobs

Good horse-sense (picture)

Two Chilean parties unite on 4th int’l program —congress will launch united party in June

Stalinists show their teeth in their phoney [sic] “united” May Day committee brazenly refuse to permit Trotskyists to participate in May Day parade
   Crude hatchet job ’Militant’ Army
   A May Day full of promise
   A story told by a “Militant’ salesman May issue of ‘Fourth Int’l’ out this week Local 302 opens contracts talks cafeteria workers’ negotiators are under instructions from membership on wages
   Other demands
   Union referendum promised

Clashes in Ford plant—AFL leasers help Ford in union-busting campaign—Ford again tries to break union by race riot
   Company provokes fight The place to win a strike (picture) General Motors strike vote starts Monday (continued from Page 1)
   Wage raise likely
   Thomas’ Red-baiting
   Workers are ready Here’s a labor dispute for Madame Perkins! Big publicity drive begun by TWU on subway fight—union will take case to N.Y. worker-public
   Answers boss lies
   LaGuardia’s new moves Seafarers union makes big gains in war boom—East Coast seamen get theirs, unswayed by bosses’ howls about “national defense"
   Eastern Steamship fight
   War bonus fight
   Other SIU gains

James P. Cannon speaks in four cities

Harry Bennett and William Green are now together

Big Steel signs up! (picture)

May Days recorded rising tide of revolt 1915-1918—Europe saw no May Day parades in 1915—but then came great days, by Don Dore
   Karl Liebknecht revives the workers’ May Day
   May Day in America during the war Battle of May Day 1886 now won by Inter’l Harvester workers May Day was first celebrated in the United States in 1886
   American labor is the world vanguard
   The first May Day
   The Haymarket massacre
   They were the Bolsheviks of their time
   An international holiday AFL, CIO fight Vinson bill (continued from Page 1)
   Green whines
   CIO blasts bill Here’s the bottleneck the boss press doesn’t blast
   Washington filled with snarling jackals
   The workers’ way to increase production

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Mass action against Jim Crow
   Read your own paper!
   Negroes and the mediation board
   Jim Crow squadron boycotted

The tragedy of Yugoslavia—its people were ready for revolution, but Stalin cut off their hope, by Edward Burkhardt
   All forces present for socialist revolution
   Revolution discourages by developments in USSR The Balkans—pawns of the great powers, by Jack Weber
   It was also Napoleon’s strategy
   Why no Balkan federation existed
   Only socialism can save the Balkans

Bolivia fights Standard Oil—despite Washington’s warning, Bolivia masses will not yield, by Quebracho
   Standard Oil incites an unsuccessful war
   Standard Oil pays the price of defeat
   Standard Oil begins a comeback
   Mass protests halt Standard Oil’s return

Stalin’s “peace” line Hillman’s uses Why convoys wait Why Labor must defend Harry Bridges
   To defend Bridges is to defend unionism Where we stand, by Albert Goldman
   Why we defend the Soviet Union
   Hitler’s pressure behind pact with Japan
   Pact is a blow at China

Stalin’s “new” edition of Lenin’s works, by Oscar Fischer



Volume V No. 18 Saturday, May 3, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Increase wages to meet prices, an Editorial

FDR masks convoy plans—sea patrol prelude to full convoys—FDR weighing final move into sphere of hostilities

Mine owners yield to miners—28-day strike of 400,000 soft-coal men ends; workers’ terms accepted
   Bulletin
   Spurn retroactive pay agreement
   Roosevelt not firm
   Main danger

Seek subway-goers support (picture)

On the War Fronts, by George Stern
   Toward a Soviet United States of Europe GM strike postponed for gov’t mediation—Reuther-Thomas UAW leadership retreats under company and government pressure despite a 85% strike vote
   85% vote for strike
   Reasons for Reuther’s militancy
   Factional rivalry of UAW board

Workers’ Forum—Negro soldiers offer armed resistance to Nat’l Guard attack
   National Guard goes into action Roebling strikers fight off police assault picket line holds against hoses and clubs
   Plants shut down, strike is solid
   Workers join in defense effort
   Company demands state troopers

Textile workers meet (picture)

Subway workers open drive to gain N.Y. Public support—TWU distributed million leaflets; explains stand to subway riders
   City violates contracts
   Appeal to workers
   Board gives “crumbs"

Vinson anti-labor measure blocked by union pressure

May issue of ‘Fourth Int’l’ off the press

Rieve covers Hillman’s strikebreaking role—Textile union convention at war rally
   Rieve for slow-down on strikes Tear gas for “defense" Cannon speaks at Chicago, Detroit and Buffalo meeting this week Harlem branch plans opening ’Militant’ Army
   May Day celebrations
   6-pager continues to draw compliments
   Back bills, back bills . . .

Sparrows point, Bethlehem steel company town is beginning to yield to unionizing drive—what life is like now in one of the last strongholds of Bethlehem’s company unionism
   A seething volcano
   The company store
   Maintaining “law and order’
   Problems of organization

"The union suits us” (picture)

Picket against Jim Crow in arms shops

Negro soldier lynched, War Dep’t ignores NAACP inquiry demand

General Motors strike postponed (continued from Page 1)
   Reuther bows before OPM
   Reuther cuts demands
   GM militants on the alert Patrol last step ‘short of war’ (continued from Page 1) Negro labor group to celebrate victory in winning bus jobs

British “democracy” in India—an eyewitness report—an uncensored, exclusive story of war conditions—an American seaman tells sights of recent trip, by Art Preis
   Natives anti-British but not pro-Hitler
   "If we only had arms . . . “
   Conditions in Karachi
   Bombay crowded with beggars
   Riots and revolts suppressed
   Workers receptive to revolutionary ideas
   Underground movements thrive
   British graft
   Life in Calcutta
   The blessings of British civilization
   British police abuse the natives
   Universal poverty and filth
   Meets longshoremen Street scene in India (picture)

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Hillman writes a letter
   What the letter means
   The OPM could take action

Help publish our pamphlets

The Nationalist revolt in Syria cannot be smeared with the Nazi brush—majority of people in fight against starvation rule of the French Army, by Ruth Jeffrey
   Nationalism strong
   France starved Syria
   A socialist movement
   How France ruled
   "Treaty of friendship"
   All rights suspended Nazi war economy—some fiction and some facts, by Jack Weber
   "Controlling” wages and prices
   Fascist “planning” equals anarchy
   Hitler’s “New Order” lives by looting

British ‘democracy’ in India—further details of the exclusive story of war conditions among the workers in British-ruled India (continued from Page 1)
   Opposed to war
   Talks with Army officer
   Feelings of British seamen
   Trotskyism in India
   Attitude toward Indian National Congress

Still more hypocricy [sic]

Australian dilemma

A pact of ‘liberation’

Meaningless decision

Oil on war flames

Byrnes appointment

How to train workers to fight fascism?—’Daily Worker’ attacks our military policy but offers no alternative program; Stalinist pacifism disarms workers
   Stalinist frame-up
   What we said
   An old truck
   Our military line
   Life and death
   In war as in peace
   Aid capitalism
   Workers have choice
   A big difference
   What kind of peace?
   What Lenin said
   A Leninist program Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   Lindberg and Stalinists have no answer on fight against fascism


Volume V No. 19 Saturday, May 10, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Undeclared war about to start—FDR spokesmen commit us to it—stifling all debate on convoy issue, they move without consent of the masses Newark workers vote this week—militant Negro and White unionist should vote for Breitman and Bill Bohannon Police guards on May Day didn’t stop this casualty Against Jim Crow in war industries (picture) On the War Fronts, by George Stern Draft board calls worker for striking—CIO union blasts union-busting move of local draft body Stalin’s move reflects crisis in Soviet Union—depth of internal economic and political crisis, weakening Soviet defenses, drives Stalin to ever more dictatorial role, by John Wright
   Economic havoc
   Burden of armament Hull tried to stop publication of A.P. convoy story

George Novack to start tour—speaks for Socialist Workers Party in cities between Buffalo and Milwaukee Worker’s production rises more than his wage (graphic) SWP May Day meeting in N.Y. hears Goldman Highlights in the Labor Press, by Carl O’Shea ’Militant’ Army
   Keeping up the good work
   Mass distribution
   Militant goes over N.Y. May Day parade ruined by lack of unity—war-mongers sabotage Day of Labor’ Stalinists, pacifists complete the job James P. Cannon speaks in Mpls. On May Day LaGuardia looks silly as bus strikers win
   La Guardia’s lies
   Non-union wage law
   Why cops get pay

Victims of capitalism (picture) So this is John L. Lewis’ program for this epoch of war and fascism —the leopard hasn’t changed his spots since he backed Wendell Willkie, by Felix Morrow
   Lewis names his price
   How the British model works
   What Lewis’ program means
   What Lewis covers up
   The real answer: the Labor Party
   A workers’ and farmers’ government GM parleys lag; action wanted—pressure on top union leaders is growing; workers want original demands to stand
   For original demands
   Recognize smoke screen
   The clique fights How to lick the high cost of living Glen Martin aircraft workers win reinstatement after being locked out

The bosses offensive against the workers—employers attacking on four fronts—anti-strike laws, longer hours without overtime taxes, government “borrowing” to cut living standards—how workers pay most taxes—workers facing huge war taxes—proposed new federal levies strike directly at low-wage earners
   1. Anti-strike moves
   2. Longer work-week
   3. Taxing the workers
   4. “Voluntary saving"
   Soak the poor
   Where tax burden is
   Roosevelt’s hypocrisy Pre-war taxes struck masses hardest also "Defense” bonds slice at mass buying power
   Unemployment ‘insurance’

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   The Supreme Court decision
   Pickens defends British Jim Crow
   NAACP pickets lines

British workers striking despite government ban Trotsky on the future of Hitler’s armies, by Leon Trotsky Stalin is now groping around for a new line, by Jack Weber
   Stalin’s new line in France 15,000 apprentices win key strike in Scotland
   Apprentice system Britain’s copperbelt in Africa reaps gold from exploited labor, by C. Van Gelderen
   Unions outlawed Stalin becomes premier
   Dependence on market
   Stalin’s ‘solution’
   Stalin fears masses Pierre Frank remains imprisoned in British jail "Democracy” is saved!

Where taxes belong What Iraq means Why cops get high pay The Soviet Union is in more danger than ever—Hitler is now within striking distance of the Ukraine; and all Stalin can think of is “peace"—and a new Hitler agreement
   Stalin’s moves—are they mere camouflage?
   Stalin seeks a new agreement with Hitler Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   The Stalinists ignore fascism
   Roosevelt’s use of the fascist menace
   Our program against fascism Stalinist clique scabs on MEBA ship strike
   Curran’s pretext exposed
   Members back strikers
   S.I.U. backs strike



Volume V No. 20 Saturday, May 17, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Hess flight shows Nazi rule shaky—no self-confidence in nazi tops, rift shows—but Hitler still rests on masses’s fear of another Versailles; a British workers’ government would quickly topple HItler
   Unrest in Germany
   Our program confirmed GM workers ready to strike—their pressure forces officials to set strike deadline; want original demands
   Union is ready Another Detroit picket line (picture) Detroit is city of strikes as GM battle approaches On the war fronts, by George Stern AFL-CIO locals unite in Frisco shipyard strike—repudiate Hillman-Green agreement, demand wages equal to other machinists in Bay Area, and signed Bethlehem contract
   Bethlehem is key
   Green finks again
   CIO backs strike AFL strikers are following example of CIO strike gains Akron rubber workers set five-day deadline—Goodrich local rejects contract, sends negotiators back for 10-cent raise
   Set strike deadline

Workers’ Forum
   Letter gives effects of war on Ireland despite its “peace"
   Collective action by soldiers gets them results at Tilden Strike headquarters—Army style Rand school “socialists” call the cops "Militant’ Army
   "My Day"—Bolshevik style
   The seriousness of subscriptions Bronx slave market is merely moved indoors—even LaGuardia has to admit, at opening ceremony, that he has just put a roof over it; a union of domestics needed, by Murray Field
   Hiding the sore
   How it “works" GM workers are ready (continued from Page 1) Trotskyists in L.A. nail a Stalinist lie
   Our stand on Bridges

Marine engineers’ official gives proof of Curran’s strikebreaking—trainer, N.Y. MEBA head tells MILITANT reporter full facts of export line strike, by Art Preis
   Curran changes alibi
    Curran lies nailed
   Engineers helped NMU
   First export line fight
   Currans gratitude
   Danger to NMU
   Curran ducks hearing
   Why Curran finked After the victory (picture) Governor OK’s 7-day week in New York State—in the name of “national defense,” Lehman tells state bodies to permit employers in war industries to violate state laws
   Other laws violated
   City Roosevelt letter CIO raps taxes on low incomes—Murray issues 3-point program to ease tax load on poor and shits it onto rich
   Burden on workers Subway workers paper answers LaGuardia—1,500,000 copies of “transit truths” distributed to enlist support for union in coming contract fight
   Call mass rally
   Promises not kept

The Stalinist policy in the trade unions—the whitewashing of John L. Lewis is the keystone of present Stalinist line, by Felix Morrow
   The Stalinist conspiracy of silence
   Lewis follows in Bevin’s footsteps
   The Bethlehem and Ford strikes
   What Lewis’ program includes
   Why the Stalinist support Lewis Keynes tells how to place load on workers—his account of British tax setup is also grim warning to American workers
   Post-war crisis FDR’s experts tell tax views—like Treasury Department, Henderson and Eccles would burden the workers
   Would burden workers Hess flight shows weakness (continued from Page 1)

The Negro Struggle, by ALbert Parker
   The march on Washington
   Militant action is necessary
   A good plan FDR’s Brazilian “ally"—dictator Vargas waits and hopes that Hitler will win, by Quebracho
   The Stalinists throw away the revolution are opportunity
   Vargas serves Wall Street as long as he must Siqueiros, assassin of Harte, jumps his bail in Mexico City British workers can lead way to world revolution, by Jack Weber
   Pie in the sky by and by
   British workers can lead the way Duranty thinks that Stalin will sign new Hitler pact—maybe join Axis
   Stalin’s “Persian lamb"
   They endorsed Duranty Wall Street mourns: white collar workers are going into the factories
   Workers can marry now
   Unions explain change
   Working class grows Profit increases to outstrip wages

Program for today’s fight That AFL president

Democracy defines

The Stalin school

The latest line of the Stalinist peace front—Stalinist “anti-war” forces in Britain are now asking for a parliamentary opposition to be drawn from “all parties”
   Atypical Stalinist blurring of class struggle
   Stalinists would form his majesty’s opposition Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   Why is Stalin premier now?
   A new agreement with Hitler
   Stalin’s personal character German capitalists are just like those in U.S.
   Rich get richer, under “National Socialism"
   Hitler reduces taxes on the rich Strike outfit (picture)



Volume V No. 21 Saturday, May 24, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

On the war fronts—U.S. war entry may start with Martinique—Vichy’s moves may hasten Roosevelt’s plan to take over the French colony
   The hemisphere moves
   "Freedom of the seas"
   Iraq fight continues
   Stalin fears future Frisco shipyard strikers (picture) Strike wins raise at General Motors—40,000 strikers in Flint, Detroit and Saginaw force company to yield 10-cent hourly raise; leasers tried to stop strike
   Strike starts anyway
   Strike spreads quickly
   "Leaders” disavow strike Government attacks Frisco shipyards strikers—government officials take lead in attempts to force workers to abide by phony agreement which strikers had rejected
   The real story Another lynching in Roosevelt’s own party’s stronghold Trotskyists get 1,352 votes in Newark poll Minneapolis labor slate places in primaries—labor’s mayoralty candidate leads field; his prospects for election are good, by Carl O’Shea Soldiers punished for petition to Roosevelt

Workers’ Forum
   Beating of Negro by drunken detectives protested by witness
   Draftee disgusted at lack of training at Camp Edwards Another Allis-Chalmers strike (picture)

Rand school head fails in attempt to jail Jeffrey

Highlights in the Labor Press, by Carl O’Shea

Soaring prices loom as threat to workers—25 % retail price rise by fall is seen as wholesale prices show 43% increase over figures at the beginning of war
   Present price rises are nothing to what’s coming
   Profiteers try to blame workers and farmers "Militant’ Army
   West-Coast upsurge
   And the subs

Government attacks Frisco shipyard strikers (continued from Page 1)
   A division of labor
   War of nerves
   Press helps bosses
   The government’s game William Pickens, NAACP leaser, gets federal job, by Albert Parker Detroit auto strikers (pictures) Export strike continues firm—CIO marine engineers walk off three more ships; attack Curran’s strikebreaking
   Against company union
   Curran’s lies nailed
   Ford showdown coming Strike of 40,000 forces General Motors to yield—top leaders look foolish when the strike they tried to stop quickly forces company to grant 10-cent hourly increase (continued from page1)
   Huge mass meeting
   "Leaders” voted down
   Workers critical of leaders

Not a moment’s quiet on Detroit strike front—auto workers and CIO aren’t only fighters; AFL Teamsters have just won big battle
   Workers on the march
   Government is worried
   Teamsters win strike
   Ford showdown coming

It isn’t news when rats bite children in Harlem—Capitalism press conceals conditions of Negro metropolis; the “American way of life” doesn’t mean very much in Harlem, by Myra Ward
   They pay for poverty by death and disease
   Negroes live there but others own its business Clothing workers get raises (picture)

California agricultural workers organizing in union drive—breaking into assoc. Farmers strongholds; AFL becoming interested in these workers, by John Wheeler
   Boss terror fails
   AFL is interested

New York Times offers a “moderate” program to break the trade unions Stalinist alibi on Hess: conspired with Trotsky!—Somebody must have blundered in the ‘daily Worker’ office; theirs not to reason why, theirs but to do and lie
   Stalin murdered Trotsky: but Trotskyism grows
   What Piatakov “confessed” was pure invention
   How the “confession” was proved a fraud Packinghouse men demand new setup to help build union Minneapolis labor slate places in primaries (continued from Page 1)
   Stalinists take beating
   Labor answers Stalinists
   Labor’s good prospect

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   The Negro march to Washington
   What the Call says
   Kinds of mass action for effective struggle Bob Harte died defending Trotsky—Stalin’s GPU kidnapped and murdered him on May 24, 1940
   The assassination attempt of May 24, 1940
   Link between Harte murder and slaying of Trotsky
   The GPU manages to buy Mexican “justice"
   Stalin will pay for his anti-labor crimes The problem of national freedom for Poland, by Jack Weber
   As anti-Semitic as the Nazis
   Liberation can only be socialist What “negotiated” peace means—their peace would be as imperialist as their war
   "Peace” advocates want war against the USSR
   Neither their war nor their peace

Join us in fighting for:
If Britain wins:
After the war

FDR’s case for war

Rubber G.E.B. Over elastic

Who are these French handmaidens of Hitler—the truth about the present rulers of France whom the American and British ‘Democrats’ call for “new’ leadership
   The same men launched the ‘war for democracy’
   The same armed forces that preserved ‘national unity’ Where We Stand,by Albert Goldman
   Rudolf Hess refutes Max Eastman
   What Eastman does not prove
   Eastman conceals the crucial facts OPM spokesman urges longer hours, speed-up
   The myth of “equal sacrifice"
   Why doesn’t FDR put unemployed to work? Stalinists “link” Hess to Trotsky (continued from Page 4)
   Yes, there was a deal with Hitler



Volume V No. 22 Saturday, May 31, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Socialist workers party calls for a $10,000 war chest—branches pledge three times as much as before, by James P. Cannon ’Unlimited Emergency’ is threat to trade unions—FDR ready for “shooting” war—goes beyond convoys, saying he will use ‘any and all further methods’ on seas; ‘determined’ to ‘prevent’ strikes
   Compulsory arbitration
   More material reasons!
   Hypocritical slogan
   Workers will defend their own rights FBI arrest fails to stop union Scabherding is a flop (picture) FDR spokesman backs Hobbs bill —concentration camps for aliens called for by attorney general Navy ‘convoy’ flops in Frisco shipyard strike—Admiral Greenslade and ‘Colonel’ Frey lead Navy trucks, busses through picket lines—but with few workers in the ‘convoy’ Marines sent thru CIO picket line in Brooklyn strike

Workers’ Forum—university socialist club organizes protest when Minnesota officials won’t let grace Carlson speak Negro rights group aids Phila. Strike—joins with union in condemning use of Negro strikebreakers
   Appeal to Negroes A Navy we’re for (picture) Quiet New Haven scene of a real strike wave Story false that CIO men agreed to 60-hour week—Ford instrument workers declare N.Y. Times report that they agreed to 60-hour week, no vacations, is a phoney
   What the Times ‘forgot’
   Pressure on workers
   A deliberate fake
   Carey behind it
   Press buries story ’Militant’ Army
   We have broken another tradition

UAW groups try strength at Mich. Meeting—auto union militants show strength, but poor Stalinist strategy messes things up
   Flint votes against
   Stand for Negroes
   Spirit of optimism
   For Bridges’ defense
   Vote against convoys
   Read leaders lacking CIO Ford rally (picture) LaGuardia is protecting notorious fascist agent—Carlo Tresca, anti-fascist Italian editor, exposes LaGuardia’s close relations with fascist publisher and fascist groups
   LaGuardia protects him
   LaGuardia’s old pal
   LaGuardia lied for him
   What was left out
   LaGuardia’ “democracy" Mayor LaGuardia’s new post defined by N.Y. Times Frisco strike . . . (Continued from Page 1)
   Government tries terror Naval reserve blames union for no recruits—seafarers’ union denies interfering with recruiting; says Naval Reserve’s low wages, scab conditions, is real cause
   Union gives facts
   What’s behind it Memorial—1937 (picture)

YCL member described internal life of Stalinist youth group—political level low; ranks terrorized by bureaucracy, discussion is taboo, leaders haunted by fear of Trotskyism, by Art Preis
   Tell story of the YCL’s degeneration
   Woe to those who asked questions!
   He hoped the YCL would straighten out
   When Stalin signed the pact with Hitler
   How the Stalinist bureaucrats operate
   Ersatz discussion, Stalinist style
   The Trotskyites will get you if you don’t watch out: A big headache for LaGuardia (picture) Inequality of sacrifice for arms program is bewailed by N.Y. Times Left Jabs, by Cort
   One of them knows how to fight
   The pope speaks out
   It’s bolshevism!
   The old school tie FDR spokesman back Hobbs bill (continued from Page 1)
   Anti-labor uses
   Punished for ideas
   Aimed at all labor

The Negro Struggle by Albert Parker
   The march on Washington
   What Randolph wants
   The demand is inadequate How Britain rules colonies—a sailor, just returned, describes British oppression in the East, by A Sailor
   Living conditions vile: many strike struggles
   The British formula: divide and rule
   War brings hardships to American seamen British Army used against rubber strike in Malaya The Depth of the post-war crisis is already clear, by Jack Weber
   Farmers still take a beating
   The paradox of foreign trade
   Either socialism or chaos Uncle Sam’s South American game—"Fortune” Magazine brazenly describes “our” imperialist role

Join us in fighting for: Memorial Day Where you’ll fight The victory over Ford Churchill’s Polish ally holds Nazi racial views—anti-semitism of Polish government-in-exile has become too raw even for pro-war editors of ‘Nation” and “Jewish Frontier"
   The scandal in the Polish army
   What the Polish parliament discusses
   The ‘Jewish Frontier’ indicts Sikorski
   Ludwig lore defends these anti-semites! Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   The proponents of negotiated peace
   Norman Thomas’ case for negotiated peace
   Why Roosevelt now opposes peace
   Our position on negotiated peace On the War Fronts, by George Stern



Volume V No. 23 Saturday, June 7, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

CIO indicts Navy as union-buster—union charges union leaders in Navy Yard were fired in scheme to smash their union

How to carry water on both shoulders

The first naval convoy (picture)

Eden talk bares real war aims—Churchill-Roosevelt are not fighting against fascism, but to keep Europe divided and put the German nation in chains
   Dorothy Thompson on Eden’s program
   Vansittart’s speeches showed British war aim Uncle Sam’s Stock Exchange hero: Chapter 2

Typographers refuse to return to AFL

Local 544 mobilizes in showdown with bosses—MInneapolis drivers faced by battle like that of 1934; and again Tobin is aiding the bosses with his Red-baiting
   Union men mobilize
   V.R. Dunne speaks
   Employers stalling He voted for draft for your son—but not for his On the War Fronts, by George Stern 14,000 soldiers stage Fort Dix demonstration—furloughs denied, soldiers hurl rocks at headquarters; papers suppress story
   Soldiers state violent protest
   First demonstrate in mess hall Ammunition uses

Workers’ Forum
   How chiselers avoid paying overtime under the Wage-Hour Act
   Rubber workers win wage increases when they reject first offer
   Charges Stalinist beat up student for leaving Y.C.L.

Reason for lag in “national defense’

Wages far below adequate living standard (graphic)

War chest drive starts moving; first returns in FBI seeking wiretapping authority from congress—is already training army of wiretappers; would use them in attacks on labor, as they same J. Edgar Hoover did in 1918
   The F.B.I.’s long anti-labor
   F.B.I. training hundreds of wiretappers "Militant’ Army
   Concentrate on subscriptions
   Getting party members through the press

Left Jabs, by Cort
   Another Halifax victory
   War for democracy?
   Hillman proves innocence
   Life’s so simple
   Yes, Jesus was no pacifist
   Equality in Britain Stalinist won’t join Negro march committee—Newark Stalinist leader won’t cooperate in organizing Negro march on Washington
   Stalinists against march
   We support march Mickey’s on strike (cartoon) Honeywell plant closed by Minneapolis strikers—tired of mediation run-around, electrical instrument workers walk out, demanding a contract, seniority and grievance setup
   The company’s game
   Governor helps company
   Mediation run-around
   Judge helps company Harlem shows the price Negro pays for Jim Crow—while barred from booming war industries and better jobs, Negroes are compelled to pay more rent than white people Minneapolis drivers mobilize for showdown (continued from Page 1)
   Boss stooges repudiated
   544 board answers Tobin
   Political attack on 544
   Stalinists’ foul role

British rule in China is as vile as Japan’s —the British Crown colony of Hong Kong as seen by an eyewitness; even fouler than Shanghai! by Philip Charles
   These Chinese sailors dared to ask more
   A lovely facade hides the native quarter
   The daily life of Britain’s “wards"
   British law and order shields me from children
   What Britain does for its subjects
   Imagine asking these coolies to fight for “democracy"!
   The uneasy hold of the Japanese conqueror
   A symbol of the rule of all imperialists Eden talk bares real war aims (continued from Page 1)
   A racial theory, vicious as that of the Nazis
   Ours is the only way to fight fascism These French socialists say Leon Blum was wrong—but they do the same Trotsky’s books are banned in Nazi-occupied France

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   The Negro march on Washington
   What Randolph leaves out
   A program for militant Negroes The food crisis in Britain—the masses go hungry, while the rich guzzle and profiteer
   "Equality of Sacrifice” is a crude myth
   Food coupons merely hide the situation
   Huge profits garnered from workers’ hunger
   Real food control means consumers’ committees Our stand on “taking over” war industries, by Jack Weber
   Roosevelt may ‘take over’ industries
   The aim of our slogans Militant resolution up in Irish Labor Party A white man’s town, by D.H.

Join us in fighting for: Shrunken bellies A straw in the wind Gene Debs tradition A big business threat against wage raises—David Lawrence, big business spokesman, threatens that if wages are not kept down, inflation and fascism will follow
   Rather inflation than a cut in profits
   This “democrat” is ready to invoke fascism Where we stand, by Albert Goldman
   Roosevelt’s “Freedom of the Seas"
   Why the slogan is revived
   What the slogan really means Business goes in for ‘bootlegging’ metals



Volume V No. 24 Saturday, June 14, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Workers! Fight for your right to strike!—Army strikebreaking and drafting strikers is aimed at the entire labor movement Army breaks strike—but workers’ morale is high—bitter and fighting mad, they vote to go to work, by Bill Morgan
   Workers are bitter
   When the troops came They’re still picketing (picture) Draft order is aimed against every strike—draft order is “work or fight” ultimatum to every trade union
   Troops aren’t enough What Wall Street really thinks of FDR’s “socialism" Minneapolis truckdrivers vote affiliation to CIO—overwhelming majority of Minneapolis truckdrivers vote to withdraw fro AFL; first step to organize country’s truckers
   Over 4,000 at meeting Dobbs’ speech to the truckdrivers
   Our four crimes

Workers’ Forum
   The editor’s answer She daren’t unmask (picture) Stalinist hoodlums beat salesgirl for ‘Militant’—socialist workers party protests thug tactics in labor movement
   Protest leaflet issued Labor victim War chest drive speeding up as branches act Trotsky on Japan plan for conquest features June ‘4 International’ Strike wave gains in Detroit—United Auto Workers is spearhead of Detroit battles to defend unionism
   Ford tried speedup
   Hearings nail Ford
   Convention fight coming Cafeteria workers vote N.Y. general strike by Lou Cooper
   For equal pay ’Militant’ Army

So this is what the Army and Navy Is used for!—draft order is threat to unions (continued from page 1)
   Text of order
    A general policy
   Old capitalist weapon Local 544 accepts CIO invitations to affiliate—overwhelming majority of Minneapolis truckdrivers vote to withdraw from AFL; first step to organize country’s truckers (continued from Page 1)
   The union’s record
   What Tobin said
   The showdown A people’s army? Army breaks aviation strike (continued fro Page 1)
   The workers’ demands
   Frankenstern’s role Sidelights on the plant “seizure"

Roosevelt’s “Property Seizure” bill
   It boiled down to a strikebreaking method within four days
   Why many capitalists disliked the bill
   The main objection was a tactical one
   Why Roosevelt chose his strikebreaking

Aluminum strikers

Left Jabs, by Cort
   He’s trying, anyway
   They mustn’t think
   Wartime blessings AFL leaders are scared by Roosevelt’s plan
   The AFL’s “Alternative"
   There is a positive alternative! Shrunken bellies (picture)

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   His friends write to Roosevelt
   What the Uncle Toms are saying
   The real fight against Jim Crow British workers are unarmed—arming and training under the trade unions is the solution
    Why the ruling class fears arming workers
   Demand that labor ministers are the workers
   For military training under workers’ control Bundles of old clothes for Britain, by jack Weber
   What a long war does
   Inflation is part of the process LaGuardia’s friend, generoso Pope—some more facts about the little flower’s fascist backer
   The Mazzini Society’s facts about La Guardia’s friend
   These are the fascists who back La Guardia

Join us in fighting for: Workers! Defend the right to strike

Communist pretext

What must be done

Britain’s battle for Latin-American markets—while American workers are exhorted and threatened to work ‘for Britain,’ england’s bosses exported vital war materials
   British bosses’ Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   Why Stalinists now “attack” Hitler
   Previous Stalinist lines on Hitler
   Stalin again offers Hitler his wares On the War Fronts—Britain promises Syrian freedom
   Who makes the promise?
   Lesson for India
   Arabs will learn
   The Nazi objective
   FDR’s war strategy



Volume V No. 25 Saturday, June 21, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

C.I.O. Starts counter-offensive against Roosevelt strikebreaking—C.I.O. affiliates notified to act—Murray’s letter to CIO unions is followed by labor’s non-partizan league statement; Murray repudiates “purge” of CIO unions
   Frankensteen stymied
   Aimed at Hillman Call a halt to government strikebreaking, An Editorial Army intimidating aviation workers (picture) Minneapolis Teamsters inspire CIO Midwest organizing drive
   Roosevelt aids Tobin Big Flint auto locals condemn Frankensteen
   Real militants active

Workers’ Forum
   Worker shows how he is robbed by Bedaux system Detroit auto unions makes new gains—Michigan governor apes LaGuardia in strikebreaking move
   Waggoner’s strikebreaking
   Wage-freezing fought
   Flint’s local’s proposal "Peace” in Marseilles (picture)

War chest hits quarter-mark, behind schedul

Highlights in the labor press, by Carl O’Shea

Cafeteria workers still negotiating with N.Y. Bosses

Negro march on capital upheld against critics—Albert Parker answers the Pittsburgh Courier’s editorial; Stalinists change their line, now concede march’s value, by Albert Parker
   Courier opposes march
   The Courier’s alibi
   Answering the Courier
   The masses know better
   Where we stand
   The Stalinists changed

Cleveland Negroes force telephone co to hire Negroes

"Militant’ Army
   Subs are coming in a little too slowly
   Militant salesman reports his experiences

Frankensteen’s alibi for Roosevelt—Frankensteen’s story won’t get very far at the UAW Buffalo convention
   Frankensteen’s approval of the Army’s action
   Frankensteen is a traitor to his class
   What Frankensteen deliberately conceals Land-going admirals (picture) Left Jabs, by Cort Text of Murray’s letter to CIO units, on Roosevelt’s strikebreaking moves
   Vicious bills
   The right to strike
   Perverted draft law
   Use of Army
   Call to action CIO Teamsters launch drive (continued by Page 1)
   Tobin henchmen arrive
   Stalinists help Tobin
   Battle lines forming

Lundeberg violated union policy by being anti-Bridges witness—sailors union of the Pacific is clearly on record against aiding in deportation, by John Preis
   How it happened
   The real sup policy Protesting transfer of ships (picture) Subway workers battle is nearing its climax—10,000 TWU-C IO members to picket N.Y. Transportation board; court frame-up being attempted against seven union leaders
   Vast strikebreaking moves
   City violates promise
   LaGuardia’s pretext exposed
   Before the union What Harry Lundeberg of 1939 said about the Harry Lundeberg of 1941 "Maritime” federation closes shop, by C. Thomas Labor League condemns Roosevelt administration
   Totalitarian path
   Roosevelt’s hypocrisy
   Administration’s fault
   Denounces Hillman

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   The aviation strike
   William Pickens on his new job Judge Jim Crow on the bench—Byrnes, FDR’s Supreme Court choice, hates Negroes and Labor
   Byrne’s last acts
   Backs strikebreaking
   "Sly” “shrewd” Byrnes
   Attacked foreign-born
   Feared labor unity
   Anti-Negro phobia
   Fought anti-lynch bill
   During last war
   For poll-tax ‘democracy’
   Fights wage-hour bill
   Hates civil liberties
   Political careerist
   Why Roosevelt likes him War department holds lid down on House inquiry
   War, it’s wonderful!
   The War Department steps in Trotskyist interned in South Africa

Organizing and teaching Negroes is a “crime"

Social workers picture state of the nation

Join us in fighting for: Why Tobin and Roosevelt are fighting Local 544

FDR discovers the Negro Canners exempt from Walsh-Healey Act rules—Sec’y Perkins grants War Dept.’S demand that canned-foods bosses be freed of child labor, safety, overtime regulations
   What the government has now O.K.’D
   The war department’s alibi for this Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   The lesson of France’s about face
   Same men support Hitler who fought him
   The case of De Gaulle
   The Red Army under Trotsky On the War Fronts—Stalin-Nazi clash is unlikely now—Stalin fear of Hitler means he is ready to grant substantial economic demands, by George Stern
   "Democracies” vainly hoping
   Appeasement would follow
   The outcome
   Stalin endangers USSR



Volume V No. 26 Saturday, June 28, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow and Albert Goldman

Defend the Soviet Union—Manifesto of the Socialist Workers Party
   What we do not defend
   Defense of the USSR against its capitalist allies
   For revolutionary war
   The Communist Party
   The main tasks of the American working class

Tobin sends 300 hoodlums into Minneapolis—his thugs attack 544-CIO men—CIO drivers challenge Tobin to agree to NLRB election which will prove that 544-CIO is choice of Minneapolis drivers
   AFL-boss alliance
   544 answers Tobin
   Bosses get injunctions
   544 demands election One of Hitler’s main goals (picture) War chest drive vital now for defense of USSR FDR tries to prevent Negro march on capital—administration men exerting all possible pressure to get march leaders to abandon the march even at this late date, by Albert Parker
   Stalinists aid Tobin
   CIO union’s for 544
   Tobin spending a fortune
   Answers to Roosevelt
   Masses for march
   Eleanor intervenes
   Eleanor’s “friendly” threat
   Uncle Tom whines ’Militant’ Army
   Our press needed now more than ever before
   Get our message to the workers!

On the War Fronts—Hitler Seeks Soviet Resources for long war—shift to east forced by need, by George Stern
   What Hitler needed
   October still lives!
   Danger of appeasement

The Red Army today faces imperialist attackers (picture)

Builder of the Red Army (picture)

How Comintern changed its line when Stalin signed Hitler Pact—Stalinist leaders swore pact wouldn’t affect the line but in three weeks they dropped “collective security"
   The first alibis for the pact
   Browder swore the line would not change
   Stalinists at first supported the war "Democratizing” the armed forces?

Left Jabs, by Cort Stalin’s boasts about Hitler pact—swore it meant lasting peace—Kremlin’s 1939-40 declarations expose its role in exposing Soviet Union to attack, by Art Preis
   How Stalin whitewashed the menace of Hitler
   Browder swore there was an “escape clause"
   Stalin helps Hitler in his “peace” offensive
   Molotov boasts about Nazi-Soviet “swift blow" Nazi-Soviet war comment in the press Remember this? (graphic) Hitler wants this granary (picture) Soldiers court-martialled in 1918 are still being kept in prison—War Department won’t even tell Negro welfare group how many Negro boys, victims of frameups, are jailed
   Facts withheld by gov’t
   Negro soldiers framed
   Courts-martial savage Seafarers condemn Roosevelt for Army strikebreaking

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Negro press swallows it
   Roosevelt’s “moral authority" Chilean Trotskyists united—strengthened Proletarian party maps program of action,by Terence Phelan
   Party of workers
   SWP delegate present
   For defense of USSR
   Trade union unity
   Launch weekly paper
   A Bolshevik organization
   Importance of fusion Army taught to fight “strike agitators" British “Labor” party refuses aid to India, by Jack Weber
   This was Macdonald’s policy too
   British and India workers must unite Lewis, Murray and mediation—the mediation board’s anti-labor role is known to these labor officials
   Lewis blasted the board but then whitewashed it
   Union fig leaves on government strikebreaking
   Murray knew in advance the board’s real role
   How to expose the board’s strikebreaking

Join us in fighting for: The Ford victory Molotov and Hitler Trotsky’s unheeded warnings—he warned at outset of Nazi regime that Hitler’s attack on USSR was inevitable; fought Stalin’s compromises
   Before Hitler came to power
   For crushing Hitler at once
   After Hitler came to power
   Warned of attack on USSR Where We Stand, Albert Goldman
   What motivates Stalinist trade union policy?
   The Roosevelt “explanation” is false
   Soviet war would lead to a new situation



Volume V No. 27 Saturday, July 5, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

The only real defense of the Soviet Union—an appeal to the members of the Communist Party

Union-busting FBI raids Trotskyist headquarters—moves to indict party leaders, union militants—"seditious conspiracy’ charge designed to aid Minneapolis employers and Tobin in their attempt to crust Local 544-CIO—bulletin
   FBI men pour in
   Indictments are next

Boss paper gives the show away

What the American Gestapo attacks Socialist Workers Party

SWP demands Stalin release political prisoners

FBI raiders seized Lenin-Trotsky pictures, books—seized material in Trotskyist branches which can be bought in thousands of bookstores and news-stands anywhere
   Take Trotsky-Lenin photos

This is now FBI “Evidence” (picture)

War chest must be filled to meet new events

Negro march leaders yielded to FDR—in calling off protest against Jim Crowism, Randolph betrayed people, by Albert Parker
   Roosevelt’s line
   FDR defends Jim Crow
   Sidney Hillman’s alibi
   Knudsen’s line
   Secretary Knox’s policy
   Randolph caves in
   What Randolph got
   What Negroes didn’t get
   No real victory "Militant’ Army
   Great opportunity for our press
   Keep committees intact
   No more sellouts!

Union-busting FBI raids SWP headquarters—moves to indict party leaders, union militants (continued from Page 1)
   Crude anti-union move
   CIO blasts raid
   National CIO speakers
   Reactionaries praise raid
   Stalinists help reaction
   Lewis defends 544 leaders
   Pretext for indictments
   May indict 25
   A “nationwide drive"
   Baldly anti-labor
   The Pioneer-Press added CIO’s statement lashes FBI raid on Trotskyists
   Right to oppose war
   CIO endorses 544 leaders
   Tobin’s foul tactics
   Workers chose CIO
   Defense mass meeting What they said about Finland—then and now\
   Then—and now!
   The post’s two lines
   What brazen cynicism
   What FDR said then
   Teeth in FDR’s words
   British, French reactions
   The fascists also!
   These are Stalin’s allies

The initial fruits of the new Stalinist turn—to aid Wall Street’s war, overnight the C.P. abandons fight for labor and Negro, by Art Preis
   What Foster proposed a week ago
   What Budenz said the day Hitler struck
   What they’ve abandoned since June 23rd
   What Stalinists then said on fight for Negro rights
   Abandoning the fight against the profiteers The balance-sheet on Finland’s role
   Our class analysis of the conflict
   We stood our ground
   Stalin’s real crime in Finland
   Stalinists lies about Finland
   Journey’s end for Burnham-Schachtman
   Our position is now vindicated

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Negroes and the Soviet Union
   Like a great trade union
   The fundamental principle Henry Ford’s new strategy—he is trying to corrupt and bureaucratize union which beat him
   Objections to contract
   Facts about Ford
   Comparison of profits
   Ford’s weak spot
   Ford seeks solution
   Ford settled strikes
   Ford and Homer Martin
   Ford’s aim in 1938
   Ford’s 1940 strategy
   Ford’s present situation
   Ford’s 1941 strategy
   Repeats Homer Martin line
   The main danger now
   The main demand now White landlord may slay Negro says texas court
   Lynch “justice"
   Deliberate murder The unsubdued Argentine, by Quebracho
   The Argentine supporters of Yankee imperialism
   Supporters of German imperialism
   

Slated to starve (picture)

Join us in fighting for: A Stalinist boast

Partial list of victims

Red Army decimated

Workers’ control in Britain’s factories—shop stewards have taken over food canteens in factories to make sure workers are not cheated of their rations
   Demand for workers control backed by strike notice
   First attempts made to control factory output
   A typical example of boss incompetence Left Jabs, by Cort Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   Our analysis of the Hitler-Stalin Pact
   The fatal line of the “Workers Party”



Volume V No. 28 Saturday, July 12, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

National CIO backs 544’s fight—unmoved by FBI raids on SWP—press reveals that government had sent ‘agents provocateurs’ into 544-CIO; national CIO speakers pledge aid to 544—bulletin
   Mumbo-jumbo game
   SWP statement Stalin’s speech—every word was alien to the Leninist program, by Felix Morrow
   Stalin bans the methods of 1917-1921

Screaming headlines in Minneapolis Press (graphic)

John L. Lewis blasts Roosevelt and Hillman for strikebreaking—miners’ leader assails their sending army to break strike; charges Hillman held up successful settlement of mine strike— bulletin
   Won despite government
   Hillman’s flimsy alibi
   Stalinists embarrassed CIO defeats wiretapping bill -

Miners victorious over Southern mine owners—win for more than mediation board had proposed
   Won despite government
   Bosses eat their words

FBI-Gestapo at work—Cort

Protest defense unemployment (picture)

War chest drive is speeding up

Fighting back (cartoon)

"Militant’ Army
   Twin cities branches advance under fire
   FBI attack only steels us for battle

Local 544-CIO’s proud and stainless record—"make Minneapolis a union town” was its slogan and it more than achieved it
   What one militant local union did
   This is only the latest attack on 544
   Tobin’s 1934-35 attempts to smash the union
   Pioneered the trail now traveled by the CIO
   544 organized Midwest over-the-road drivers
   The recent boss attached on Local 544
   Today’s unholy alliance against Local 544 Tobin’s sacrificial offering

Government strikebreakers (picture)

WPA strikers were also persecuted by the FBI—in the 1939 strike, 162 Minneapolis WPA workers were indicted on “conspiracy” charges; all labor protested government trial
   Slashed ages
   FDR’s agents provocateurs CIO backs 544’s fight (continued from Page 1)
   CIO mass meeting
   CIO pledges aid
   FDR “aid to Tobin"
   Pressman’s speech
   CIO unions wire solidarity
   544 demands elections
   Nation-wide indictments

Stalin’s speech: not a proletarian note in it—October traditon [sic] and the German worker
   Now Stalin “inspired” Soviet masses
   Stalin “explains” the plight of the USSR
   Stalin’s alibi for the pact with Hitler
   What the USSR lost by the pact
   For the defense of the Soviet Union

Our banner—the banner of Lenin and Trotsky

To defend the Soviet Union (picture)

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   How to defend the Soviet Union
   The Stalinists and the Negro march
   We fight on against Jim Crow Unite the worker and the soldier—Bourgeoisie deliberately setting soldier against workers, by Eugene Varlin
   Methods used to divide soldiers from the workers
   A revealing letter from a draftee
   Examples of 1917—which shall we follow? Will Japan now attempt to attack the USSR? by Jack Weber
   Japan preparing to fight USSR
   Pacific war will begin in Siberia What the new turn of Stalinism means in China, Italy and Germany, by Don Dore
   Yesterday’s Stalinist program for China
   Yesterday’s Stalinist line for Italy
   Yesterday’s C.P. Line for the German worker

Join us in fighting for: "Shooting war"
Stalinist double-talk
After Randolph dropped the Negro march—Randolph hailed Roosevelt’s executive order as the ‘second Emancipation Proclamation’ but it didn’t even rate a speech!
   Negro youth blast Randolph’s retreat
   How Roosevelt’s order looks in practice Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   The Soviet Union’s military limitations
   Revolutionary policy could defeat Hitler They love it U.S. And Britain still clash in Latin-America
   What this reveals about England internally



Volume V No. 29 Saturday, July 19, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

For unconditional defense of the Soviet Union—a program of victory for the Soviet Union Socialist Workers Party, 544-CIO leaders indicted—FBI frameup is aid to Tobin’s anti-CIO drive—crushing of Minneapolis truck drivers is aim of federal indictments; Roosevelt thus pays his political debt to AFL and Tobin
   CIO demands elections James P. Cannon’s statement on FBI frameup of the CIO and SWP Roosevelt ordered FBI to aid Tobin against CIO, says Goldman The honor roll: those indicted in St. Paul

Price “control” is a grim joke—food costs rise fastest of all—monopolies raising prices as they please, while brazenly blaming farmer, workers, by Don Dore
   Some startling figures on price rises
   These figures reveal only part of the story
   Farmers not to blame for rising food prices
   Monopolies and speculators raise food prices
   The farce of federal “price control" Newark CIO takes pro-war Stalinist line
   Stalinist ape interventionists
   Pro-Soviet resolution attacked War chest fills fast-but not Blitzkrieg speed Draftee tells how army imposes its discipline, by a Draftee
   Examples of discipline
   A senseless burden

CIO forces congressmen to drop anti-labor bill—CIO conference speedily gets results; bill previously backed by administration is defeated; but ten other bills coming
   National CIO conference
   Blame administration
   FDR backed Vinson bill 544, SWP leaders indicted—FBI frameup aids Tobin’s union-busting (continued from Page 1)
   Tobin’s thugs failed
   FDR’s answer to CIO
   CIO proves its case
   Tobin’s ‘democracy’
   Tobin resorts to courts
   Tobin’s Red-baiting
   CIO’s unanswerable demand
   Why Roosevelt acts
   Battle to the end AFL weekly shows fear of CIO truck drivers
   "Victory’ each week
   Attacks Farrell Dobbs
   Meyer Lewis’ new job Roosevelt warned CIO he would help Tobin

Lenin and Trotsky’s war methods A unit of the Soviet fleet (picture) Red Army soldier (picture) Lenin’s theory of imperialism—and Stalin’s, by Michael Cort
   What imperialism is
   Stalin repeats Kautsky’s betrayal Left Jabs, by Cort Shall we campaign for U.S. government aid to the USSR, by Albert Goldman
   The example of Ethiopia
   The example of loyalist Spain
   Class defense versus class-collaboration
   Soviet government can ask aid
   The best method to defend the USSR

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   The ‘Courier’ and the Negro march
   The ‘Courier’s’ substitute for the march The aluminum trust prospers—Uncle Sam plays Santa Claus to add to Mellon’s million by Art Preis
   OPM connived at concealing shortage
   Alcoa reaps the fruit gained by its lies
   Government will build for Alcoa’s benefit The aims of the United States in China, by Jack Weber
   American ‘political’ aid to China FDR’s precedents for invasion

Join us in fighting for: The Daily Worker dares not face Trotskyism Federal labor spies Finland’s “socialists” now serve Hitler—cemented “national Unity” with Mannerehim for “democracy” but the only thing that lasted was the “national unity,” by Felix Morrow
   How these “socialists” became Hitler’s agents
   They sneered at our utopian program Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   On the “character” of the war
   Shachtman’s method is like the Stalinists Glenn Martin still says he won’t hire Negroes, by Albert Parker
   Alibi No. 2: blames the workers



Volume V No. 30 Saturday, July 26, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

Inside the conscript army—draftees oppose extension—opposed to war entry, conscripts have no faith in Roosevelt’s government; don’t hesitate to show their feelings, by A Draftee
   Their common bond
   Let the Army speak
   They’re against the war Why we have been indicted: Socialist Workers Party is the anti-war party, by James P. Cannon Bail put up for all defendants—but government cooks up 2 new charges against two union leaders; Skoglund held on $25,000 bail for deportation hearing
   Kangaroo moves Negro soldiers write bitter letters about how they are treated
   Third degree used
   Mistreated Indictments are under notorious Smith Act, by Michael Cort
   Roosevelt helped bill
   Bill characterized

FBI terrorizes federal workers, CIO union charges, cites cases —like Gestapo, says CIO federal workers in letter to unions
   Many cases cited
   "Gestapo outrages" Pickets stop boss move (picture) Newark SWP candidate stresses anti-war fight
   Recalls Hague fight War chest hits home stretch; finish sprint on Text of federal indictment of SWP leaders
   Second count

Union defense guards stopped silver shirts—fascists gangs talked big, until Local 544 established guards; federal indictment tries to twist real meaning of 544 guard, by Don Dore
   Membership set it up
   Why guard organized
   Rise of silver shirts
   The fascist menace
   Local 544 acts
   Our first report
   Practice mobilization
   Judge rules on this

Government strikebreakers (pictures)

Biddle no radical

Bail put up for all 29 defendents [sic] . . .
   Bail reductions won
   National CIO aids
   Local 544 statement
   New union paper
   AFL “union” a flop

What the FBI is trying to save for Tobin by hounding Local 544

FBI frameup against SWOC falls apart—FBI abandons case against shop steward, who was seized on eve of NLRB vote

Civil liberties union condemns indictments—says law under which SWP, CIO members are charged, is violation of constitution

Rents soaring in defense homes

Red Army forces still intact—Soviet masses are fighting to defend October’s gains, by George Stern
   Stalin’s latest moves
   Stalin’s lackeys fail him
   Stalin’s conservatism Captured by the Red Army (picture) Our military policy—and the FBI’s false version—the lessons of two world ward dictate our party’s program for military training, government-financed, union-controlled, by George Breitman
   The anti-labor military hierarchy
   Our program for militant training
   What we do when we are conscripted Draftees on extension . . . (Continued from Page 1)
   Officers are ignorant
   Dangers to labor
   Draftees are good soldiers Bethlehem steel plant in “slow-down"

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Defend our party against Roosevelt
   Why Negroes dislike the Army
   How to satisfy the worker-soldier The Comintern and Germany—Stalinist program cannot inspire German masses to overthrow HItler
   Do they expect this to win German workers?
   Fancy Stalinist distinctions between war-mongersNot a single word about a Soviet Germany Why Stalin has again instituted Army commissars, by Jack Weber
   Stalins’ removal of the Commissars Soldiers in many camps protest despite threats
   The general’s answer
   The soldiers speak out Indictments are under notorious Smith Act (continued from Page 1)
   Herald-Tribune deplored it
   ACLU asked veto
   Our prediction Yoo-hoo general opened many eyes to Army rule

Join us in fighting for:

Roosevelt’s amalgams

We defend the USSR

New York ‘Post’ readers blast its war program—war-mongering sheet has to admit 68 per cent of readers don’t agree with call for war; others polls show anti-war sentiment
   Readers blast “Post’
   Gallup poll figures
   Bosses want war Where Hitler has miscalculated in invading USSR
   Hitler calculations were false
   All key posts in Stalin’s hands



Volume V No. 31 Saturday, August 2, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

Labor’s non-partisan league brands St. Paul indictment as FBI frameup—says U.S. gov’t is repeating 1918 ‘witch-hunting’—CIO political body, of which John L. Lewis is chairman, takes strong stand against federal indictment of CIO, SWP members
   A dangerous precedent

August 4-27th anniversary of World War I, An Editorial

Arming the Soviet Workers (picture)

James P. Cannon is SWP N.Y. mayor candidate—anti-war candidate is one of the 29 indicted in St. Paul
   Founder of Communist Party
   Anti-war platform Auto union convention will hear John L. Lewis—Buffalo convention, opening August 4, may be test of strength between Lewis and Hillmanite forces on issue of CIO policy, by E.R. Frank
   Hillmanite line is clear Friends asked to aid SWP election campaign Civil rights defense committee is organized to fight prosecution

War prices are going to run riot—Henderson paints black picture of future inflation; covers up role of profiteers and falsely blames workers and farmers Prices advance over wages (graphic)
   Government’s ‘solution’” pull your belt in
   Farmers are victims, not makers of high prices
   Wages not responsible for price rises
   Hight prices due only to lust for profits New deadline set at Aug. 21 in fund drive Mexican Stalinists for U.S. Indictment of SWP—Mexican statement may be trial balloon for line of Stalinists in this country, by Walter O’Rourke
   Agrees with FBI
   Serve American imperialism FBI-Gestapo’s latest victims, WPA workers
   FBI steps in
   Stalinists whitewash FDR ’Militant’ Army
   St. Paul branch answers the FBI

Our call for workers defense— federal indictment tries to make crime of our leading anti-fascist demonstrations, by Don Dore
   Why we called for workers defense guards
   Steel workers mopping up (picture) Arraignment of 20 defendants set for Aug. 11—Carl Skoglund, Local 544-CIO organizer, Has bail reduced on deportation charge
   CIO demands elections

Our military policy aims to bar American Petain—federal indictment against us will not stifle our criticism of impossibility of fighting fascism under present officers
   We will not forget the lesson of France
   What really breeds discontent in the Army
   Our solution to the problem of officers

Support the defendants in the federal prosecution of the Socialist Workers Party

Russian Revolution speeded end of World War 1—both imperialist camps were fearful of spread of the workers’ revolt—mutinies in all armies came as workers’ eyes were opened by Bolsheviks— by Walter Lang
   Effect of the revolution on the French Army
   Mutinies hasten the end of the war
   The home front moves into battle for peace
   German Army unable to take advantage of events
   American entry really prolonged the war
   The October revolution frightens both war camps

Boss press didn’t give Knox’s reason for detective force Anti-war fighters of World War I

On the 27th anniversary of August 4, 1914—Eugene V. Debs was ready to fight—in the worker’s army

On the 27th anniversary of August 4, 1914 —Lenin’s manifesto of 1915 against the war
   Proletarians of Europe:

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Roosevelt picks six
   The six he picked
   How the committee will work

On the 27th anniversary of August 4, 1914—the “Socialist” warmongers— Stalinists of 1941 continue treacherous traditions of 1914 ‘socialists,’ by George Breitman
   "Socialist’ war slogans haven’t improved with time
   The war-mongers didn’t destroy czar and kaiser
   Stalinists are now most useful war-mongers
   Supporting imperialist doesn’t aid the Soviet Union Social Democrats come to the aid of Imperialism, by Jack Weber
   They fear the European proletariat
   They are lackeys of imperialism Auto union convention will hear John L. Lewis (continued from Page 1)
   Role of the Stalinists
   Union great gains
   UAW faces war drive
   Militant leadership needed

Join us in fighting for: Senator Wheeler’s case Supporting imperialists is no aid to the USSR

On the war fronts: Japan’s next southward move would bring war—Roosevelt drops ‘appeasement’ and throws down gage of battle; war in the Pacific would be nakedly imperialist conflict, by George Stern
   Japan surely weakened
   "Isolationists” back Roosevelt Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   We must not cease fighting Stalinism
   We are the best defenders of the USSR Expelled YCL member writes to his friend



Volume V No. 32 Saturday, August 9, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

Raise wages to meet rise in living costs! An Editorial

Electrical workers still on strike (picture)

Hillman, Lewis in auto union clash—Hillman’s pro-war machine starts fight in auto convention; fundamental issues remain unclear as Lewis group vacillates
   The fundamental issue
   Why Addes’ silence?
   Reuther group organized
   Militants still leaderless

Local 544-CIO is denied election in one industry

Cannon-for-mayor petition drive gaining speed—workers are signing to place Trotskyist Party on ballot—anti-war program proves popular with New Yorkers

Negro newspapers call for acquittal of SWP

On the War Fronts: Red Army blasts myth of Hitler strength—Soviet resistence [sic] gives impetus to struggles of conquered peoples, by George Stern
   Clash may now come with Japan
   The situation of Japan is desperate

German prisoners in Soviet hands

CIO news says Army taught to break strikes

War chest drive nearing goal; now 83% filled

War contracts show who profits from war

’Anti-alien’ Smith Act unmasked as anti-labor
   Navy drafted it
   Coffee denounced bill Draftee says officers ordered to be tough ’Militant’ Army
   Subs, please! Let’s see them roll in

At the auto convention—militant note struck at the very outset, by Art Preis
   The union’s defense guards
   Union’s great gains
   Aircraft is next
   Thomas taunts warmongers
   Union democracy jealously guarded
   Frankensteen booed
   Negro delegates active
   Many women present Tobin hints he may purge New York, Chicago locals—his editorial attack on New York and Chicago teamsters is like attack he made on Local 544 of Minneapolis in May “Journal"
   Tobin attacks SWP
   Fears 544’s newspaper
   Tobin’s anti-labor ally Frankensteen Ok’d use of troops in aviation strike Hillman, Lewis in UAW clash (continued from Page 1)
   Stalinists are silent
   Aviation strike issue Hillmanites beginning to work with Stalinists again
   Hillmanite defends Stalinists
   Hillmanite-Stalinist groups

Anton Penyaska

Hillmanites attack Lewises for CIO teamster charter

Voice your protest of FBI prosecution of SWP!

Red Army morale astonishes its enemies—but Soviet soldiers fight bravely because they have something worth defending, by George Breitman
   Trotsky prediction now comes true
   Nazi army is “European” too
   What the Red Army defends
   Red Army fights despite Stalinism
   Stalinists silent on class nature of Red Army morale
   A program for Soviet victory

FDR repeats Wilson’s ‘price control’ fraud—presidential schemes of World War I proved powerless to halt price boom, by Don Dore
   Wison’s [sic] impotent moves to control prices
   Formula under which prices soared upward
   Same profit formula used in other industries
   Price ‘fixing’ was used to keep down wages

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Bosses responsible for Jim Crow
   The bosses’ flimy [sic] alibi

Boss tells truth about Roosevelt

Churchill fought the USSR— the chief advocate of intervention has always hated Soviets, by Philip Blake
   Churchill’s fight against the Russian revolution
   The “little” and “big” schools of intervention
   Churchill’s role during civil war, 1918-1921 Pacifists seek to ‘fight’ war with a petition
   They spread harmful illusions
   Read anti-war fight is anti-capitalist Ecuador-Peru clash caused by World War, by Quebracho
   World war forces are behind this incident
   Yankee imperialism still meets resistance

Limited monarch (picture)

Army incites draftees against trade unions, by A Draftee
   Draftees anti-war but likely to change
   Some seek escape at any price

Join us in fighting for

The CIO wins again

Stalinism on Aug. 4th

News from the Army

Not for American public

Revolts against Nazis spreading over Europe—growing unrest in occupied lands spells Hitler’s doom; but British propaganda aids Nazis in putting it down
   British propaganda comes to Hitler’s aid
   Only revolutionary movement can smash Hitlerism Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   Why have we now been indicted?
   Daniel J. Tobin set the wheels going
   The hypocrisy of capitalist democracy Annapolis open to all with money and pull, by Eugene Varlin



Volume V No. 33 Saturday, August 16, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

SWP, 544-CIO defendants arraigned—early trail is being demanded by government—prosecution insists on rushing trial date to railroad anti[war fighters; seeks to deny defendants time to prepare case

Bulletin

One Year Passes . . . Trostskyism leads workers’ anti-war fight

Leon Trotsky, Nov. 7, 1879-Aug. 21, 1940 (picture)

Auto convention groups line up around North American issue—delegates reject Hillmanite Report; but addes [sic] compromises with Frankensteen
   "Super-minority” report
   Rand and file brings out real issues

Cannon-for-mayor petition drive wins anti-war workers’ support Navy may ‘seize’ Kearny shipyard

Auto convention groups are lining up—grouping around issue of the North American strike (continued from Page 1)
   Reuther position is voted down
   Middle-man Thomas
   Rank and file ready for real fight

Largest union convention

War chest hits 85% only one week to go

Wages, not profits were frozen in 1917, by Michael Cort
   Stalinists muddled
   CP is washed up
   New leadership forming

"Militant’ Army

August ‘Fourth Int’l” Trotsky memorial issue

SWP, 544 defendants arraigned—early trial is being demanded by government (continued from Page 1)

How Leon Trotsky organized the Red Army—he forged an invincible military force in the face of tremendous odds, by John G. Wright
   The difficulties of creating the Red Army
   How the army was built
   The basis of the “military opposition"
   Trotsky’s achievements remained after him
   Stalin’s crimes against the Red Army

Holding back the knockout punch (cartoon)

Natalia Trotsky exposes new plot to free Jacson— bares GPU attempts to construct “self-defense” motive as alibi—charge that assassin’s lawyers is GPU accomplice goes unanswered, by Walter Rourke
   "Self-defense” theory

Trotsky showed how to fight war and fascism and the only way to defend the Soviet Union—we cannot wipe out war and fascism until capitalism is destroyed—extension of the October revolution to other lands alone can save the USSR
   How to fight fascism
   The lessons of France and Spain
   What American workers can do
   The slogans of futility and betrayal
   Trotsky’s military policy

Defend civil liberties! Protest FBI persecution of SWP!

Trotsky told workers how to save the unions
   Conflict in the CIO

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   The Army and segregations
   What will the USO do?
   A correction by Pickens

Trotsky fought unceasingly against life-long persecution—Stalinist hounding was powerless to interrupt his work, by Joseph Hansen
   Persecutions of the secretariat
   Trotsky’s family hounded too
   The death of Leon Sedov
   The murder of Sheldon Harte
   Jacson rectifies Stalin’s “error" Progress in India hindered by British exploiters, by Jack Weber
   Some interesting figures on India
   Hitler cannot teach Churchill

Trotsky, Lenin and Kamenev (picture)

In exile (picture)

Red Army leader (picture)

Addressing the Comintern (picture)

Join us in fighting for: ’Russia as an ally’

Meet rising prices by raising wages

Paying for the war

Churchill sought the overthrow of the USSR—as secretary of state for war he aided the White armies and asked for a united imperialist attack on the Soviet Union
   Why Churchill could not carry out his policy
   Lloyd George’s objections to Churchill’s policy
   Churchill still thinks his policy was right
   Churchill succeeded in aiding Kolchak

Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   Why Stalin murdered Trotsky
   Trotsky’s death a blow to the USSR
   The Soviet workers understand



Volume V No. 34 Saturday, August 23, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

FDR’s 8 points hide real war aims—imperialist plans for world conquest mapped in conference; USSR menaced, by William F. Warde
   The main business of the conference SWP elections platform hits FDR war drive—Cannon to run for mayor of New York on strong anti-war, anti-fascist program
   A vote for the candidates of boss parties is a vote for war
   A vote for James P. Cannon is a vote against war and fascism Minneapolis AFL unions face ‘purge’ by Green—local central labor union charged with failure to assist Tobin’s attempt to smash Local 544-CIO; Tobin’s gang tries to slip gold-brick contract on truck drivers
   AFL unions resisted Tobin’s demands
   Militants attack both Addes and Reuther
   No fence-sitters allowed
   Tobin “contract” signed
   CIO prints Tobin contract
   Tobin’s problem remains

CIO auto workers vote support for Local 544

Right wing leaders win out at auto convention—Addes group compromises on basic issues; gives support to Hillmanite Red-baiting resolution
   Addes disappoint UAW militants
   Anti-Red issue
   Militants attack both Addes and Reuther

FDR intervenes in Kearny strike

Workers’ Forum
   Draftee reveals Army officers’ incompetence
   The Blow

UAW delegates on picket duty (picture)

Private Ned Turman died fighting for democracy—Negro draftee fought against Jim Crow brutality of military police; fellow soldiers thrill to his last words
   Segregated cannon fodder
   How MP’s treat Negroes
   What Ned Turman fought for

Statistics prove Army Jim Crowism

Few days left to complete war chest drive

Right wing leaders win out at auto convention—Addes compromises on basic issues; backs Red-baiting (continued from Page 1)
   New leadership on order of the day
   UAW still the best

"Militant’ Army

CP tell FDR how to Frame SWP—Stalinist recommend Moscow trail method, by ALbert Goldman
   Stalinists forced to take a position
   The method of attack
   What Howard won’t explain
   Resurrecting the Moscow trials
   Stalinists want indictment changed
   Stalinists want a Moscow trial
   CIO, all liberals support defendants
   Our record is clear 544-AFL ‘organizers’ go on a crime spree—shooting former, attacking nurse, assaulting alderman, hauling marijuana all part of the job for Tobin’s men
   Only thugs would stay and do Tobin’s work
   The incredible saga of Tobin’s “Beeler Boys" Red Army fighters (picture)

‘Commission men’ pull down fat contract fees, by Don Dore
   Press exposure
   Washington hush-hush
   What the “times” conceals

FBI terrorizes civil service unions
   Gestapo methods
   The “security” of civil service

On strike at Kearny

Roosevelt now imitates Wilson’s ‘14 points’—fate of 1918 ‘war aims’ shows what will happen to FDR’s eight points, by Art Preis
   "Open covenants openly arrived at"
   An FDR-Churchill omission
   Freedom of the seas
   "Present obligations” excepted
   Disarmament hoax
   Self-determination in the colonies
   A significant silence
   Subject nations
   What the 8 points slur over
   The “sincere welcome"
   Imperialist “peace"

Defend civil liberties! Protest FBI persecution of SWP!

Why we oppose Stalin’s foreign policy, by John G. Wright
   Lenin and Trotsky—revolutionary realists
   Stalin repeats the treachery of the Second International
   How the Stalinists help the imperialists N.Y. program hits war moves (continued from Page 1)
   Against imperialist war!
   Against fascism!
   A vote for James P. Cannon is a vote for workers’ rights
   Defend the trade unions!
   For civil liberties!
   Against racial and religious discrimination!
   Fight the high cost of living!
   For the continuation of the relief program!
   For a workers’ and farmers’ government!
   For socialism!

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Auto workers fight Jim Crow
   Whose idea is Jim Crowism?
   Answer to a reader

Churchill fought USSR with men, money, guns and diplomacy—his only criticism of intervention was that it did not succeed, by Philip Blake
   How Churchill withdrew the troops
   The extent of British aid
   Not material aid alone
   For whom the White Armies fought
   But intervention helped, he feels Japan may now seize opportunity to attack Siberia, by Jack Weber
   War in Pacific imminent
   Japan and aid to the USSR Trotsky on the society of the future—socialism will bring giant advances for mankind
   Will man degenerate under socialism?

Join us in fighting for:

FDR’s 8-points hide real imperialist plans (continued from Page 1)

Stalin’s war aims

Revolutionary aims

Priorities joblessness faces 2 million workers—monopolies oppose expansion of productions facilities and try to limit supplies of raw materials for small companies,by C. Charles
   Transportation lack
   Small concerns hit
   Capitalist anarchy
   Workers protest planlessness Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   Youth opposes training for war
   Capitalist class unable to furnish ideal
   Our military policy applicable



Volume V No. 35 Saturday, August 30, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

Workers arm to save Leningrad—masses inspired by memories of October 1917—Kremlin finally compelled to make appeal to traditions of the October Revolution as workers rally for defense to the death
   The whole working class prepares
   Stalinists held masses back to the last minute

Leningrad in danger . . . Revolutionary policy can bring victory, An Editorial

Kearny plant taken over by the Navy—no assurance given that union demands will be granted

7500 sign for Cannon as mayor

All fight to defend USSR (picture)

Tobin’s terrorism hit by Minneapolis drivers Demurrers to be filed in St. Paul suit

1500 strikers picket Gimbel’s
   Union solidarity

Workers pay tribute to Trotsky’s memory—memorial meetings throughout country in all large cities show teachings of Trotsky inspire advanced workers to go forward
   New York
   Los Angeles
   Philadelphia
   Detroit
   Minneapolis
   Newark
   Akron
   Reading
   Boston
   Chicago
   Youngstown

Mass picketing at Gimbel’s (picture)

War chest at 90% as drive reaches end, by James P. Cannon

Memorial telegrams sent to Natalia Sedov Trotsky

CP-Hillmanite clash faces UE convention—unprincipled fight for union control is only issue between both pro-war groups

Workers’ Forum
   Kearny shipyard strikers help Newark cigar workers

Trotskyism lives—by J.P. Cannon—speech delivered at New York Trotsky memorial meeting
   Reaction of 1917 repeated today
   The Russian Revolution is still alive
   The war clarifies all issues Struggles of the American Trotskyist movement
   Our work since Trotsky’s death Why the Trotskyists have been indicted
   The opposition to war that won’t stop
   Roosevelt’s precedent for the indictment
   Why they frame a small group

Auto convention posed labor’s war problems—contradictions created by war totalitarianism revealed at convention, by E.R. Frank
   Riddle of the convention
   Background of conflicts
   Addes group folds up
   Stalinists lose ground
   The coming clash
   Temper of membership
   Know what they want

Why the draftee Army lacks morale—no faith in cause for which ruling class wants them to fight, by Art Preis
   Real reasons for low morale
   Only a workers’ army will have morale

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Is this the Negroes’ war?
   What the war will mean

Famous American labor trials == the state of Massachusetts versus Sacco and Vanzetti, by Lydia Beidel
   Background of the case:
   Basis of the frameup:
   The arrest:
   The victims:
   The trials:
   The seven-year defense:
   The counter-campaign of the bourgeoisie:
   The execution: Hopkins covers Stalin and the Moscow trials, by Jack Weber
   Hopkins investigates Russia
   Hopkins and the purges
   Hopkins hates October too Trotskyism lives (continued from Page 3)
   The principles of Lenin and Trotsky
   The alternative: socialism or fascism

Join us in fighting for:

Revolutionary policy can bring victory (continued from Page1)

Who profits at Kearny?

Yes, Churchill, you are presumptuous

Biddle is rewarded

How the Bolsheviks defended Petrograd—in 1919 the Soviet workers defeated the attacks of Yudenich by following the revolutionary policies of Lenin and Trotsky

Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   Hitler’s motives in attacking Soviet Union
   Real crime of Stalinists French workers fight against Petain terror, by Michael Cort
   French capitalists aid German rape



Volume V No. 36 Saturday, September 6, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow



Volume V No. 37 Saturday, September 13, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

’They shot first’ is the war cry—’Greer’ incident serves schemes of war-mongers—argument about who shot first covers up joint war guilt of all imperialists

The tide rises in occupied territories, An Editorial

St. Paul case being argued

Marchers show C.I.O. Strength (picture)

War bloc runs UE convention—Stalinists and Hillmanite Red Baiters join hands in putting over pro-war line, by Art Preis

CIO begins drive to organize all Teamsters—assistant to A.D. Lewis, chairman of CIO United Construction Workers Organizing Committee, makes announcement in Mpls.
   Brewery workers help Department of Justice to center its ‘case’ around Minneapolis union defense guard CIO charges new tax bill ‘soaks the poor’

Workers’ Forum
   Questions use of the name, Negro
   The editor’s answer
   A soldier’s reaction to the draft extension Election petitions in New York: two methods of getting them
   Contrast our campaign with a boss’ petitions
   Court upholds the Davies’ petitions N.Y. committee asks fund for cannon campaign Stalinist-Hillmanite war bloc runs UE convention at Camden
   Carey insists on Red baiting stand
   Joint report keynotes “unity” for the war
   Stalinists hide carey’s anti-labor role
   Stalinists “compromise” resolution dangerous
   Carey and Stalinists pull their punches
   CP “democracy” not for Trotskyists
   "What about Jackson"
   Stalinists support Carey for CIO post
   Vital issues are not discussed ’Militant” army

Negro soldiers denounced by General Ben Lear—draftees who were beaten and insulted by Jim Crow mobs in Arkansas, went north to be sent back and threatened by Lear
   Police create trouble
   Demand arms for self-defense
   Lear’s complaint What the union defense guard did—its function was to resist the attacks of the fascist gangs on the union halls
   The threat of the silver shirts
   Nation-wide attacks on labor
   Organization of the guard
   Activities of the guard
   What happened to the guard
   What Roosevelt fears Auto workers on parade (picture) CIO begins drive to organize all Teamsters (continued from Page 1)
   Drivers flock to CIO
   Praises Minneapolis men
   Success in Midwest Newark Socialist Workers Party files petitions for Breitman Mass meeting for 29 to be held in Akron Labor’s own defense project

Trotsky memorial speech by Farrell Dobbs—address delivered at the Minneapolis memorial meeting on Aug. 21, 1941—national labor secretary pays tribute to teachings and example of Trotsky
   Undaunted by persecutions
   Stalin’s guilt has been established
   The struggle against Stalinism
   Trotsky’s last great struggle
   Trotsky and the trade unions in war
   Why Roosevelt attacks the Trotskyists
   We are confident of the future The labor movement and the draftees—win their support, the trade unions must fight for the soldiers’ needs, by Victor Anderson
   How Green repels the draftees
   What the labor movement can do
   Today’s campaign for the unions

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   The kind of war that Negroes can support
   The fighting spirit exists now The United States vs. William D. Haywood et al. , by Lydia Beidel
   Background of the case
   The indictment
   The trials
   The defense
   Sentences
   Subsequent development of the case
   The question of individual amnesty The Stalinists and the question of aid to the Soviet Union, by Jack Weber
   The Stalinists and aid to the USSR
   How the “democracies” will aid the USSR
   The blindness of the Stalinists "Fortune’ says bosses must learn more from the fascists
   A Hitler “revolution” proposed
   Fortune nominates a leader
   Fortune and the unions
    Join us in fighting for:

The CIO organizes the Teamsters

First victims of the new Stalinist line

The great hypocrite

Gen. De Gaulle plans to restore monarchy—French Stalinists disarm the workers by demanding ‘unity’ with both the ‘democratic’ and royalist forces, by Michael Cort
   French resistance increases Where We Stand, by Albert Goldman
   The general staff of the Red Army
   Why the “democrats” are pleased
   The Stalinists fall in with this Hilter’s program for the Soviet collectives, by John G. Wright



Volume V No. 38 Saturday, September 20, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

Trial of 29 set for October 20—demurrers not granted SWP, 544-CIO leaders—judge overrules charge of defendants that basis for indictments is false

The government is railroading the 29 to jail—let there be no illusions about this case; Biddle and Roosevelt are going through with their vile frameup against SWP, An Editorial

Grain for the Soviet Front (picture)

SIU strikes East Coast for war bonus—bulletin

Stalinists declare war against John L. Lewis

UAW adopts plan to save jobs

Noted figures sign fund appeal for 29

Trial Qf 29 defendents [sic] set for October 20th—demurrers not granted of SWP, 544-CIO leaders (continued from Page 1)
   No overt acts cited
   ACLU representative attacks Smith Act
   Goldman’s rebuttal Racial bias bars youth in Chicago —Jews, Negroes and Italians refused jobs at new Buick plant
   Promises broken

Training for Soviet defense (picture)

N.Y. Campaign committee asks day’s pay donations

Priorities as pretext for attack on union

UAW locals adopt plan

St. Paul poll goes anti-war—state fair poll of farmer-labor association reveals popular opposition
   
   Stalinists beat a forced retreat Workers’ Forum
   Walgreen porters strike weakened by craft set-up ’Militant’ Army

Biddle’s new pretext for prosecuting us—Biddle finally chooses basis for frameup,by Felix Morrow
   The government’s previous frameup lines
   What the government’s real purpose is

ACLU asks that prosecution be dropped—Civil Liberties Union tells Biddle why it opposed the St. Paul indictments

Biddle’s answer to the Civil Liberties Union

Help fight the indictments

’Priorities Unemployment—menace to labor—millions of workers hit in steel, auto, rubber, silk—greed of monopolies sows widespread industrial chaos Auto workers discuss priorities problems—UAW members ask equal voice in making decisions, seniority and some rate of pay, by Joe Andrews Union offer own plans for handing ‘priorities,’ by C. Charles
   The Murray plan
   The Reuther plan
   The UE plan Record of the OPM: one year of loyal service to the bosses, by Michael Cort
   OPM “accomplishments”
   False report on raw materials
   A “liberal” solution

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Fascist ideas and Jim Crow
   Lavine’s report Churchill and Gallacher—they mirror the relations between the Kremlin and the ‘ democracies,’ by George Breitman
   Churchill really evaded the question
   Churchill’s evidence
   Churchill’s rebuff What programs will rally the masses of Europe?, by Jack Weber
   Groundswell of unrest in Europe
   The Stalinist program Stalinist draft policy ‘shocks’ CP members, by Don Dore
   "Ready to do everything" We’re still waiting! (This may be an advertisement)

Join us in fighting for:

Lindbergh and the ‘isolationists’

Why there is unrest in occupied Europe

The issue in the New York elections

Unions offer own plans for handling ‘priorities’ (continued from Page 1)
   The aluminum plan British bosses promise to stop sales of “lend lease’ material, by Arthur Ford
   English business victories
   Reveals betrayal of the workers Stalin moves against the ‘Volga Germans’ —the masses of the Volga German Republic who defended the USSR in civil war days are now attacked by the Kremlin, by John G. Wright
   Background of the Volga Germans
   What the Stalinists said yesterday
   A GUP confession



Volume V No. 39 Saturday, September 27, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

Seamen defeat maritime commission—war bonus issue to be negotiated with employers

successful strike smashes government’s attempt to force seafarers union into compulsory

arbitration of war bonus —bulletin


   Gov’t strikebreaking


   Bosses sabotage

Why Churchill doesn’t open a Western Front, An Editorial, by Felix Morrow

Cannon petition drive nearing successful end

Picketing aluminum trust (picture)

NY banquet to honor indicted SWP leaders Minneapolis drivers are refused elections
   Next fight in courts
   Why Stassen did it
   Roosevelt helped Tobin

Warren K Billings joins committee defending 29—joins other labor and liberal figures in organization formed to defend indicted leaders of SWP and Local 544-CIO

Minneapolis drivers are refused elections—right to pick union they want denied by gov’ment agencies (continued from Page 1)
   Stassen’s Red-baiting excuse
   Political arithmetic
   CIO will fight

New York opens Cannon for mayor drive

Newark defense committee to hold banquet for 29 this Saturday

Packinghouse strikers defy injunction—Chicago CIO unions rally in defense of picketing rights

LaGuardia gets Stalinist boost for reelection—CP mayoralty candidate praises union-busting mayor in own “campaign speech", by Harry Frankel

Seafarers defeat Maritime Commission (continued from page 1)

Text of Local 554’s [sic] statement
   What Blair is covering up
   They distort the history of 544
   Tobin’s gangster policies approved "Militant’ Army

’Insurgent’ miners oppose CIO policies, by Anthony Massini CP makes bid for unity with Hillman—and Hillman plans to drive CIO into suicidal ‘unity’ with AFL

Defending “democracy"

Meaning of the moves for CIO-AFL unification, by George Breitman
   Roosevelt’s aims
   The AFL conditions
   What the Hillmanites want
   Role of the Stalinists
   Lewis’ stand on unification

What the Communist party supports when it backs Hillman’s program, by Art Preis
   Hillman’s program of strikebreaking In Memorial Help fight the indictments

UAW board reaffirms union’s support for CIO organization of Teamsters—votes to uphold convention decision which Reuther-Hillmanites attempt to violate, by John Adamson
   Support for UCWOC asked
   The Flint program

Soviet air fighters (picture)

Hilderding “found dead” in Nazi jail—Social Democrat is victim of capitalism he helped save

Why no Western Front is opened (continued from Page 1)

’My day on low pay” by a Housewife

Randolph calls for a new Negro movement—says million Negroes must organize for a serious struggle against Jim Crowism, by Albert Parker

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   North or South?
   Schuyler’s answer
   Both viewpoints are wrong Famous American labor trials—The United States vs. Eugene V. Debs, by Lydia Beidel
   Background of the case
   The Canton speech
   The trial
   The Supreme Court decision
   Candidacy from jail
   Commutation Japan’s dilemma—dare it attack the USSR now? By Jack Weber
   The unsettled Pacific
   The price the U.S. wants Publisher of fascist papers finds it pays to be a ‘Democrat’
   Who is this convert?

The incredible story of the ‘Albert Dewey"
   "National defense” refloats the death trap
   Boss profits vs seamen’s lives

Join us in fighting for:

The ‘impartial’ state

Second international slogan and politics

War and taxes

Arnold attacks labor for productions curbs—assistant attorney general tries to hide full responsibility of big industrialists for impeding expansion of war production, by Don Dore
   For compulsory methods against labor
   What bosses have cost in lost labor time
   Administration backs “sabotage” by trusts
   Talk aimed at labor’s rights Anglo-Soviet trade union committee aids British imperialists, by John G. Wright
   What the old joint committee did
   Treachery on a grander scale



Volume V No. 40 Saturday, October 4, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

Trotsky showed road to victory for Soviet Union, An Editorial

Catastrophe faces USSR as result of Stalin’s rule—Stalin’s purges beheaded Red Army, by Natalia Sedov Trotsky

Churchill ‘satisfied’ with Red Army showing—he does not desire the victory of Soviet Union, by Felix Morrow

Soviet masses are kept in the dark regarding defeats—main tasks of Soviet press are whipping up spy hysteria and glorification of Stalin

Judge denies motions made for 29 defendants—argues that Smith anti-labor act is justified because of Hitler’s victories
   Bill of particulars asked
   Judge’s decision Red sailors defending USSR (picture) SWOC wins victory at Sparrows Point plant—steel workers win Labor Board election in strategic Bethlehem Steel stronghold
   A clear cut victory
   Intimidation failed 15,000 Cannon-for-mayor signatures to be filed LaGuardia denounced by TWU convention, by Harry Frankel Workers’ Forum
   Flint reader discusses Militant slogan on priorities
   Even Northern Negroes get Jim Crowed in jobs "Militant’ Army

How Stalin’s purge beheaded the Red Army
Trotsky warned that Stalin’s murder of the Red Army leaders would endanger defense of Soviet Union, by Leon Trotsky
   The leaders of the Red Army
   Reasons for the purges
   The new “leadership” of the Red Army Auto barons intensify ‘priority’ unemployment—R.J. Thomas, UAW-CIO head, charges profit lust creates job crisis in industry
   What Wilson concealed
   Facing ‘economic’
   The Flint plan

Red Army ‘satisfies’ Churchill (continued from Page 1)


   The meaning of the Dnieper and Donetz

’Good Will’ is ended when strike begins

Committee formed to aid imprisoned Negro soldiers

’Fourth International’ for October is off press

Help fight the indictment

CP licks Hillman’s boots but gets kicked in the face as reward for cheering Hillman at IUMSW convention, by Art Preis
   Whitewash for Hillman
   Unity with Red-baiters
   Small favors gratefully received

SIU discusses next steps (picture)

Curran shifts stand on SIU strike issue—after slurring SIU strike as ‘flukey’ forced to condemn Maritime Commission

Curtiss-Wright company union policy exposed—National Labor Relations Board hearings show “aircraft” to be tool of company
   Hamilton’s testimony
   Bosses financed the aircraft
   Kriegman’s whitewash
   Importance of organizing Curtiss Newark defense committee holds successful banquet for 29
   Other speakers ’Pravda’ hides facts (continued from Page 1)

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   AFL convention coming
   The latest “solution" Roosevelt and Neutrality—FDR is now ready to discard legal fiction of neutrality, by Walter Lang
   Roosevelt “regrets"
   First step to war
   "True neutrality"
   Evading the law
   No more need for legal pretense Not the bosses, but the workers will save the USSR, by Jack Weber
   Workers want to aid Soviet Union
   How to assure aid to the USSR "Isolationists’ hide real cause of war—by concealing imperialist character of war, “isolationists” hinder real anti-war fight, by Anthony Massini
   The interventionist line
   Why U.S. bosses go to war Defense committee secretary shows Biddle’s words contradict his acts

Join us in fighting for:

Stalin’s policies made disasters possible

The ‘aid’ Stalin seeks

Boss patriotism wilts at idea of 6% profits—Morgenthau’s profit limitation proposal, while only a gesture, enrages bosses, who want “ceilings” only on workers’ wages, by Don Dore
   Why Morgenthau made this proposal now
   Morgenthau proposes, congress disposes Tagore’s last article



Volume V No. 41 Saturday, October 11, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

U.S. aims at world rule, says Knox —will “police seven seas” for next 100 years—admits this war will be followed by other imperialist struggle for world domination, by George Breitman
   No promise of peace
   What “freedom of the seas” means
   Who will run the world after the war

Kremlin conceals real reasons for defeats—exaggerates Moscow conference results to hide lock of competent Army leaders, failure to inspire revolutionary struggle, by Art Preis
   Situation not changed

Can’t discuss Soviet war (picture)

New pamphlet on SWP prosecution now on sale

Stalin forbids Soviet masses to discuss war developments—measure is intended to silence those who are critical of Kremlin’s ruinous policies, by John G. Wright
   Trying to separate worker and solder Grant Dunne, 1894-1941
   Workers mourn his loss

Labor groups denounce union-buster LaGuardia—anti-labor policies hit by TWU, teachers, municipal workers and Negro groups
   Vote for the candidate who fights against war Reason for union guards (picture) Kremlin conceals real reasons for defeats (continued from Page 1)
   Stalinists ranks asking questions
   The lack of leadership
   The economic factor
   The German workers
   Stalin’s “appeal"
   Road to victory

Seamen win war bonus gains as result of strike action—but NDMB uses threats to coerce union heads to accept limited concessions

Revolutions!

U.S. aims at world rule says Secretary Knox (continued from Page 1)

ILGWU Local calls strike in Bayonne, by Lou Cooper
   Supported by other unions

Soviet losses are threatening the future conduct of the war—bureaucrats, afraid to tell the workers the truth, minimize extent of losses
   Why Soviet losses are minimized
   The importance of the Ukraine
   Whole industrial apparatus threatened

544-CIO continues fight for elections—motor transport workers appeal Blair anti-labor decision in district court

Stalinists join Tobin in attacking Teamsters—will defend Tobin in whatever he does so long as he continues to support the war, by Anthony Massini
   Admit “justified grievances"
   Stalinists tells Tobin to make it look good
   Lies about Minneapolis Teamsters Stalin forbids masses to discuss war moves (continued from Page 1)
   GPU wants help
   Discussion limited—to official line
   Bureaucrats fear the youth
   "Explaining” the defeats Trotsky assassin gives new GUP ‘defense’ line, by Walter Rourke Trotskyites again! Help fight the indictment

’We were bombed at Suez’ seaman described how aerial bomb exploding close to his ship knocked him out of his bunk; crew says bonus not worth risk, by Al Swanson
   The bombing attack
   We curse the bonus
   Conditions of natives
   Suez madhouse
   What I learned from the troops
   British officer caste Grant Dunne, 1894-1941 (continued from Page 1)
   Brought home on stretcher in 1919
   A leader of great strikes of 1934
   Prosecuted because he opposed the war Working class revolts sweep Nazified Europe
   Brutal reprisals
   Beheading leadership

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   A little history
   Hastie can’t answer Baldwin The trends of “isolationism"—movement splits, part goes to war camp, part turns fascist, by Don Dore
   Isolationist ebb-tide
   Republican back slide

Mexican workers shot by Camacho’s soldiers—protection of Army caste responsible for massacre; part of his move to the right, by Piocho
   Responsibility of the officer caste
   Officers pressing forward Monopolies nibble at consumers’ pockets

Join us in fighting for:

The Bridges decision

Knox and the USSR

The AFL convention

American Legion speaks for Army General staff—formed by G. H. Q. after World War I to silence radicalism among veterans, legion now lines them up for World War II, by Ruth Jeffrey
   The Red scare
   Legion emerges
   Legion on ‘democracy’
   Seeds of fascism Art capitalism bosses necessary
   Capitalists have no useful function
   Bosses try to belittle working class
   Only the workers can run society



Volume V No. 42 Saturday, October 18, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

SWP plenum-conference adopts program on tasks for party—largest conference in history of American Trotskyist movement gives fighting answer to FDR’s moves to gag anti-war party
   Cannon’s report
   Defense of the USSR
   Establish organization press fund

Desperate struggle

Stalin’s policy means doom of USSR—Kremlin unable to hide scope of reverses —lack of leadership, due to Stalin’s army purge of 1937-38, is reason for defeats, by Art Preis
   Stalin’s boasts Will support boss war to ‘bitter end’—Green
   Green’s “unity” terms
   Stassen’s speech

Poll-tax court upholds Waller death decree

Trail of SWP, 544-CIO leaders starts Monday—28 defendants face government frameup “conspiracy” charge; trial part of Roosevelt’s attempt to crush anti-war vanguard

Stalinists withdraw own candidate to support union-buster LaGuardia

CP joins with bosses in denouncing strikes—traitorous leaders of the Communist Party ready to play the role of strikebreakers, by Don Dore
   Endorse Green’s strikebreaking program
   Echoes labor’s Judases
   CP rank-and-file victims of strikebreaking
   For ‘proper forms of struggle"

Birds of a feather (picture)

Green will support war to ‘bitter end’ (continued from Page 1)
   Racketeering issue
   Don’t want to be ‘dictators’
   Evading the issue
   Why Tobin wants reduced per-capita

Stalin’s policy means doom for Soviet Union (continued from Page 1)

’Militant’ Army’

Our party’s guide to immediate action—text of the SWP plenum resolution on “the federal prosecution and the present tasks of the party"
   The prosecution and the defense
   Internal preparation of the party
   Against conciliation with renegades
   The struggle against war and fascism
   Tasks in the trade unions
   For defense of the Soviet Union

Plenum greetings sent to Natalia Trotsky

Plenum-conference inspires party ranks
   To hold referendum on declaration of principles
   Encouraging report on aid from CRDC
   Reason for the high morale C.P. backs La Guardia (continued from Page 1)

A farewell to Grant Dunne—worker-warrior—#We shall write his name on the banner of his union and his party,” says Dobbs in funeral address
   A victim of capitalism, in peace and war
   A fearless fighter for labor
   Grant Dunne’s greatest contribution

SWP sends expression of sympathy to Clara Dunne

Canadian labor fights war repression—strike struggles answer attempts of boss government to beat down workers’ unions
   Industrial disputes act
   Won’t negotiate with any union
   Freezing wages
   More repressions
   Aluminum strike
   Miners’ slow-down Judge white-washes aluminum trust freeing nation’s tightest monopoly; Alcoa controls vital war metal
   Only profits interest Alcoa Canadian gov’t deports CIO officer

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Stalinist propaganda
   The warmongers and the Negroes Famous American labor trials—State of California versus Mooney and Billings, by Lydia Beidel
   Background of the case
   Basis of the frame-up
   The arrests
   The trials
   World protest
   The pardons Petty bourgeois opposition shows its bankruptcy, by Jack Weber
   The ‘logic’ of the petty-bourgeosie
   The end-product of Soviet defeatism Class rule in Army shows will not fight for democracy, by A Draftee
   Officers try to keep facts from the public
   "Equality’ in Army

Join us in fighting for: What the prosecutions cannot accomplish Discarding a fiction How the CP ‘aids’ USSR Whitewashing Jim Crow’"Why we left the petty bourgeois opposition"—statement of 12 former worker party members who broke with the Shactmanite Group and rejoined the Trotskyists
   Current tendencies
   Trotsky’s teachings forgotten What has inspired the growing unrest in occupied lands? By Michael Cort
   Invasion of USSR inspires revolts
   "Democracies” do not aid revolts



Volume V No. 43 Saturday, October 25, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

Stalin orders GUP rule for Moscow —turns to open GPU terror to bolster regime—edict aimed at silencing all those who criticize or oppose Kremlin’s war policy
   Officers also held suspect Minneapolis trial is postponed for one week —Judge Joyce postpones opening date to October 27 because of mother’s illness
   Case attracting wide attention
   The issues at stake Biddle attacks our program, says Cannon—states trial of 28 is for anti-war stand The real conspirator (cartoon) Labor, liberal groups donate funds for 28
   Unions contribute to defense
   Prominent figures join committee

Labor gained nothing from AFL convention—craft union tops ignore workers’ problems; back boss war program ‘to the Bitter End,’ by Don Dore
   Sops to appease discontented ranks

Cannon name of ballot for mayor of N.Y.

SWOC condemns Jim Crow policy of the U.S Army

Workers’ Forum
   Discuss party’s military policy
   Corrects mistakes in editorial on Jim Crow

No gains from AFL convention—Jurisdictional wars, racketeering remain biggest AFL issues (continued from Page 1)
   Jurisdictional strife
   Green’s idea of “unity"
   Demand ouster of Thurman Arnold
   Lily-white policy
   Racketeering issue New York party holds spirited convention, by Lou Cooper
   Need for recruiting
   Reaching the Stalinists
   Mayoralty campaign discussed Socialism in one country ’Militant’ Army
   New Haven goes forward
   The New York convention
   From England: Bell aircraft workers vote to go on strike
   The company’s “offer"

GPU rule for Moscow—GPU terror intended to gag workers (continued from Page 1)
   Stalin’s boasts
   Other explanations
   Why the guerrillas were sacrificed
   Latest panacea
   Double purpose
   Cannot hide responsibility
   The Soviet Union can still be saved

ACLU issues pamphlet on the Minnesota case—Civil Liberties Union condemns government action in prosecuting the 28 for ‘seditious conspiracy’
   The alleged “overt act"
   Asks for financial aid

Official text of Stalin’s ‘shoot on the spot’ order

450 Isolantite strikers firm—one month of picket line assaults fails to break spirit of N.J. Workers, by Arthur Burch
   Joined the CIO

C.P. Goons assault ‘militant’ salesmen—SWP members brutally attacked while distributing papers of local union, by Tom Silvers

Maidenform strikers see victory now after forcing Dubinsky recognition
   Workers’ demands

Results of the first year of conscription—low morale, lack of competent leadership main features of Army, by Anthony Massini
   Explanations of the administration
   Effect of leadership on morale
   The Army’s ‘solution’ of morale
   How they will ‘improve’ the leadership
   S.W.P. military policy has the answer

Adequate direct relief is immediate necessity for victims of priorities—union must fight to prevent suffering of workers unemployed because of latest results of anarchy in capitalist production, by Art Preis
   The union plans
   The question of control
   Who shall control industry
   An immediate demand Governor Stassen of MInnesota practices for the presidency

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Churchill and the Negroes
   Five kinds of British Jim Crow

Strikes sweep Shanghai—workers demand wage increases to meet added living costs, by Robert L. Birchman
   Omnibus workers’ fourth strike
   Cost of living skyrocketing

Two corrections

Social patriots call for ‘unity of labor’—for war, by Jack Weber
   The Churchills look ahead
   Function of labor lieutenants
   Unity—on what program? ’Allies’ won’t help the USSR—Stalin calls on ‘democracies’, ignoring world working class, by Michael Cort
   What the imperialists want
   Churchill still hates the workers state

Join us in fighting for:

Concentration camps and ‘democracy’s’ war

On revolutions

The price of men

Industrial vs. craft unionism (cartoon)

New CRDC pamphlet proves anti-war basis of Minnesota, by Edith Kane
   Why the SWP is prosecuted British Stalinists beg for a Western Front—have already abandoned the class struggle in hope of a mere promise that Britain may be induced to open a Western Front, by Lydia Beidel
   Winning workers’ confidence—for the war
   Setting a “personal example”



Volume V No. 44 Saturday, November 1, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

On the twenty-fourth anniversary of the Russian Revolution, An Editorial

Trial of 28 opens with attack on SWP program—defense asserts legal right to advocate idea—will give complete picture of principles and activities of Socialist Workers Party in answer to charge of “conspiracy’
   The government’s case No imperialist ‘Western Front’ will save USSR —Trotsky’s policies alone can bring Soviet victory in present grave crisis
   Lack of leadership
   Why no appeal to European masses
   Why the plea for the Western Front

Cannon’s N.Y.’S candidate against war —running for mayor on Trotsky program against war, fascism

Planning in Buffalo

CIO officials endorse ‘28’ defense committee—workers defense league says prosecution endangers “people’s freedom to organize"
   Smith’s letter
   W.D.L. hits trial
   New members of committee

Breitman SWP candidate in New Jersey—has only anti=war program on Nov. 4 assembly elections

Trial of the 28 opens—defense asserts legal rights to advocate ideas (continued from Page 1)
   Marx, Engels, Lenin and Trotsky on trial, too
   Drags in all of party’s activities
   No trade unionist called in jury panel
   Allowed only ten Trial sidelights—the first day in the court room (Headline missing here)


   No union man in panel

How to become a fine gentleman

How the jury panel was selected— or “how they kept unionist off the Minneapolis jury"

’Militant’ Army
   Campaign uses of the Militant
   Results of the Chicago conference

Rejected questions of defense to jury—Queries that would have ferreted out political prejudices of jurors were rules out by judge Joyce as trial opened

Albert Goldman” defendant and counsel for defense

Records of 28 show long service to labor—a few pertinent details about defendants Roosevelt seeks to jail for opposition to war and union loyalty

No imperialist ‘Western Front’ will save the Soviet Union (continued from Page 1)
   Admission of bankruptcy
   Stalin’s real crime
   Tasks of Soviet masses

In memoriam

Breitman SWP candidate in New Jersey (continued from Page 1)

Vote against war! Vote for J.P. Cannon—Wm. O’Dwyer Tammany choice—backed by citadel of corruption, democratic candidate tries to pose as “independent’

LaGuardia is a faithful servant—of Wall Sreet [sic]—his record is a history of devotion to the interests of the ruling class, covered up for the public with “liberal” talk, by Joseph Hansen
   La Guardia hounds war opponents
   La Guardia admires Tammany
   La Guardia cuts relief
   Sells city its own subways
   Tries to smash transport union
   La Guardia coddles fascism
   Ls Guardia supports Wall Street’s war

The 30 year labor record of Cannon, SWP candidate—national secretary of SWP served labor consistently as a leader since 1911

Cannon’s N.Y.’S candidate against war (continued from Page 1)
   Encouraging response
   Cannon signifies
   For defense of the Soviet Union

Stalinists prefer one warmonger to another—LaGuardia is a more effective warmonger, so Stalinist back him against O’Dwyer, by Lou Cooper
   Why Stalinists support imperialist war

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   The elections on November 4
   Vote for the program you support

Why the prosecution?—To aid Tobin, attack war opposition, set anti-labor precedent—government masks these real reasons behind ‘seditious conspiracy’ charge, by Art Preis
   Background of trial
   Roosevelt intervenes
   The FBI acts
   First main reason for the prosecution
   Second main reason
   Third reason for the prosecutions Post-war crisis will grip all capitalist lands, by Jack Weber
   The crisis after the war
   Marxist analysis confirmed
   Economic crisis for imperialists

LaGuardia no friend of Negroes of Harlem—his record of discrimination and of brutal neglect not wipes out by rare appointments of Negroes to office, by Myra Ward

Join us in fighting for:

Roosevelt’s threat to labor’s rights

J.P. Morgan’s man

Preserving ‘freedom’

’Western Front’ latest Stalin Soviet betrayal—Kremlin bureaucrat tries to salvage lost prestige by vain appeal to ‘allies’
   What Stalin depends on
   The extent of imperialist aid
   What is Stalin’s program?
   Real allies of the Soviet Union The crimes of Stalin, by Lydia Beidel
   1. How Stalin throttled the German Proletarian Revolution - 1923
    The background of 1923 events
    Problem facing the German Communists:
    Stalin’s policy:
    Actions of Stalin:
    Effect upon the world revolutionary movement:



Volume V No. 45 Saturday, November 8, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

Government witnesses boomerang—own witnesses in trial of 28 cite defendants’ union-building record—prosecution trying to prove union defense guard, formed to protect unions from fascist attacks, was part of ‘conspiracy’
   Testimony of Thomas v. Smith
   Smith tells the truth
   Testimony of Malcolm Love

Help defend the 28 now! An Editorial

Next week

A page out the anti-labor book (cartoon)

Stalin interview shows real situation in USSR—Stalin shows he is incapable of adopting a revolutionary program of victory, by George Breitman
   Stalin’s interview with Ingersoll ’Captive’ mine strikers agree to 15-day truce—fix strike dead-line in event NDMB fails to make favorable decision on union-shop
   NDMB acted for steel corporations

Trial an alarm signal to labor—secretary of civil rights defense com. Warns of danger—rights of labor are under attack now, says Novack
   What prosecution means by “conspiracy"
   Freedom of speech under attack

Stoolpigeon sets tone for government’s case—Tobin hireling and three-time stoolpigeon against Local 544 is prosecutions’s first witness in Minneapolis ‘conspiracy’ trial
   Veteran stoolpigeon
   Bartlett tells ‘all" War raises vital issues for coming CIO national convention —key problem is how to guard independence of unions, protect the workers’ interests, by Don Dore
   Greatest tasks ahead
   War is key issue
   What Roosevelt demands


   What the CIO workers face

Knitgoods union calls for reform of the American labor party—executive board criticizes deals with boss parties, lack of internal democracy
   The present situation in the American Labor Party
   For independent labor action ’Militant’ Army Air associates strike saved by CIO solidarity—NDMB gave bosses chance to break union but state CIO picket line prevented it
   Other unions save the day
   New spirit among the workers
   Negro workers do their part

Day by day summary of the Minnesota trial—govt. Witnesses tell of defendants’ record in building strong union (continued from Page 1)

Third day of the trial—Wednesday, October 29
   Bartlett’s testimony
   Present former position of Labor Party

Fourth day of the trial, Thursday, October 30

Fifth day of the trial, Friday, October 31
   Purpose of testimony
   Party literature introduced
   Typical testimony
   Anderson reads workers’ songs
Sixth day of the trial, Monday, November 3
   Government ‘evidence’ piles up
   Remarkable work of FBI men
   Additional literature

More sidelights on ‘sedition’

Goldman states the case for the defense—speech delivered on October 28th, 29th at start of Minnesota ‘sedition’ trial of the 28
   A political movement on trial
   Union defense against fascists
   Our influence on the trade union movement
    Genuine democracy in Local 544

Want workers and farmers to fight own war against fascism
    Military training under trade union control
    We are internationalists
   We are disciples of Marx, Lenin and Trotsky
    Affirm ideas of Lenin and Trotsky
    Approve workers revolution of 1917
   We desire peaceful transition to socialism
    Believe in the class struggle
    Predict overthrow of capitalism

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker

True situation in USSR—Stalin’s interview with Ingersoll revealed more than realized— (continued from page 1)
   Stalin explains the initial defeats
   Can USSR defeat Hitler alone?
   Dangers in Stalin’s strategy
   Stalin’s proposal for defeating Hitler
   "Principle” behind the “Western Front"
   Would this policy weaken Hitler?
   Still not too late to save the USSR!
   Strenthen [sic] the front to defeat Hitler

What the capitalists think about the Soviet Union’s war, by Jack Weber
   Lyons states the capitalist position
   Fischer on the Hess incident
   Stalin incapable of leading successful defense

"Captive’ mine strikers agree to 15-day truce (continued From Page 1)
   Government strikebreaking
   Labor’s attitude

Join us in fighting for:

Anderson states the government’s case

The 28 fight boldly for party principles

The mine strike and the “Daily Worker’

Stalin’s decrees bare rift with Red officers—"Pravda” reveals growing clash of Kremlin, Army tops: Stalin can no longer depend on bureaucracy he appointed, by John G. Wright
   Political commissars reintroduced
   What these steps signified
   Stalinism threatens defense of USSR The crimes of Stalin, by Lydia Beidel
   Stalin wrecks the British Communist movement - 1925-26—background of the 1925-26 events
   General strike of 1926
   Problem facing the British
   Stalin’s policy
   Effect upon the British



Volume V No. 46 Saturday, November 15, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

The meaning of the CIO resignation from the mediation board, An Editorial

Witness admits Tobin-FBI plot against 28 on trial—Tobin agents are key government witnesses—"seditious conspiracy” case against Socialist Workers Party and Local 544-CIO is also based on fact that S.W.P. Circulated the ‘Communist Manifesto” available in all public libraries
   Admissions show Tobin’s role
   Roosevelt’s aid to Tobin

Cannon polls 1138 in N.Y. election—against warmongers—was ‘Trotskyist anti-war candidate
   
   They voted for a revolutionary program
   New opportunities in election work

Tobin gloats over trial he instigated against 28

Daily reports

3.333 [sic] votes for Breitman in New Jersey

Same disastrous policy to be followed—Stalin—anniversary speeches indicate Kremlin will not adopt program that can save USSR, by George Breitman

CIO meets as FDR opens anti-union drive, by Joe Andrews

"Union for democratic action” denounces trial

Day by day summary of the Minnesota trial—Tobin role in trial exposed (continued from Page 1)
Seventh day of the trial—Tuesday, Nov. 4
   Bartlett went to the FBI
   Bartlett’s contradictions
Eighth day, Wednesday, Nov. 5
   Bartlett’s relation to the SWP
   The witness Stultz
Ninth day, Thursday, Nov. 6
   Another Tobin agent
Tenth day, Friday, Nov. 7
Eleventh day, Monday, Nov. 10
   Two important rulings

A man named Rube

Meal-time for the 28 at the Minneapolis SWP headquarters

‘Our party’s answer to the prosecution’—James P. Cannon’s speech at the plenum-active workers conference in Chicago, Oct. 11-12, 1941
   Why they single us out first
   Our policy in the court room
   Why they prosecute our party

’Our party’s answer to the prosecution’ (continued from Page 3)
   Attitude to the defense committee
   Education will strengthen the party
   The kind of unity we want
   Importance of maintaining our legal functioning
    Experiences of the post-war period
    Election campaigns aid our fight for legality
   We defend the Soviet Union!
    Confidence in the party

The Negro Struggle, by Albert Parker
   Negroes and the unions
   The answer to the problem CIO convention meets as F.D.R. begins new drive against unions (continued from Page 1)
   CIO leaders under pressure from ranks
   Contradiction also affects AFL heads
   Contending factions at CIO convention
   Lewis position on the war issue
   Other issues before convention

How Stalin will return aid given him by ‘democracies’—he serves notice he will not adopt revolutionary policy, ‘democrats’ expect his aid against revolts, by Jack Weber
   National approach
   When Hitler “went wrong"
   Stalin finds distinctions
   The spectre of revolution
   Stalin’s use to the “democracies" Same disastrous policy to be followed—Stalin (continued from Page 1)
   Stalin takes no step Newark CRDC mass meeting

Joins us in fighting for:

Compulsory arbitration

Strikes and the AFL

FDR’s internationalism

Latest lies about the Moscow trials serve Stalin’s new diplomatic needs
   [Article by Leon Trotsky reprint]
   Refuted by their own lies in 1933
   Stalin’s relations with Germany
   Why the charges shifted
   Why the frame-ups are extended
   All the military leaders as well
   Stalinism discredited by the trials



Volume V No. 47 Saturday, November 22, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

Strike shows FDR’s anti-labor role—miners’ fight is the fight of all labor—Roosevelt’s attempts to intimidate CIO into deserting UMW proves unsuccessful
   A deep-going conflict
   Exposes sham of war for “democracy"
   The real issue

Government strikebreaking (picture)

Judge denies motions of defense—SWP not entitled to constitutional rights —charges against 5 of 28 defendants in “sedition” trial are dismissed as defense opens case with Cannon as first witness
   Amalgam between SWP and Nazis

CIO convention backs ‘captive’ wine strike—leasers forced to oppose Roosevelt in spite of supporting his war program, by Joe Andrews

San Francisco CIO industrial union council pledges support to defendants—calls on union to aid in the defense
   Tobin aided by Justice Department
   Condemn use of government agencies

Remnants of neutrality bill are discarded, An Editorial

Churchill rejects Stalin plea for ‘Western Front,’ by George Breitman

New forces rally to defense front for 28
   Many trade unions support defense
   Newark unions contribute
   IWW strongly endorses CRDC
   ’Witch hunt’ sells widely; new pamphlet out soon
   Liberals and labor leaders join CRDC
   Roger Baldwin
   Money needed now for trial costs
   New Haven CRDC sets fine example

FDR role exposed in strike (continued from Page 1)
   A main danger Churchill rejects Stalin plea for ‘Western Front’ (continued from Page 1)
   Stalin explained and promised
   How to save the USSR
   What the German workers fear
   What revolutionary policy could have done
   C.P. Members warned not to speculate

CIO convention backs ‘captive’ mine strike (continued from Page 1)
   Leaders seek peace with Roosevelt
   At cross purposes
   Lewis’ war position
   Loudest warmongers
   Need for a program of struggle

Day by day summary of the Minnesota trial judge denies defense motions (continued from Page 1)
   Five acquitted appeal for aid to 23
   Schweinhaut’s argument
   "French government needed funds"
   Twelfth day, Wednesday, Nov. 12
    Military policy stressed
    Arnold Johnson’s testimony
   Thirteenth day, Thursday, Nov. 13
    Holstein’s admission
    Another Tobin agent
   Fourteenth day, Friday, Nov. 14
   Fifteenth day, Monday, Nov. 17
    Judge’s ruling Government asks convictions as it ends its case—prosecution repudiates the Free Speech Doctrine advocated by Holmes-Brandeis
   The ACLU position
   Against Holmes-Brandeis ruling

Robert Minor attacks S.W.P. In Minneapolis
   Attacked Trotskyists, “ignore” trial
   Wants “national front"

Japan sends another special envoy to “discuss” Far Eastern crisis, by Jack Weber
   Japan’s second miscalculation
   Kurusu’s mission to the United States Army for strikers?

Can the ‘isolationists’ fight against the war?—Only those who fight against the cause of war can lead the struggle to end war, by Myra Ward
   What the “isolationists” do no oppose
   What the “isolationists” say
   Principles of the anti-war struggle

Stalin’s frame-up purges whitewashed—liberals aid Stalin’s imperialist allies spread GPU lies about the Moscow trials, by Art Preis
   Davies and the trials
   Findings of the Dewey Commission
   Some “liberals” help out
   What the “liberals” are really helping Politics make strange bedfellows, by M. Stein
   A perplexing problem
   Why the little flower went astray

The Negro struggle, by Albert Parker
   The Fort Bragg night of terror
   Chicago Labor Council

The Stalinist theory of “socialism in one country” —Soviet disasters, defeat of revolutions are fruits of this theory, by C. Charles
   Theory of the Russian Revolution
   Stalin’s theory
   What happened to the C.I.
   Capitalist attitude to the USSR
   The Franco-Soviet Pact
   Churchill and the USSR
   Stalin and the German workers Davies suddenly remembers about the Moscow Trial, by Jack Weber
   How Davies arrives at a conclusion Behind the talk about Harlem’s ‘crime wave’—the boss press is deliberately whipping up a campaign against the Negro people
   Negroes face even worse conditions
   Attitude of boss papers
   Fight Jim Crow!

Join us in fight for:

The 28 defendants need your help now!

Talking about Hitler’s methods

More taxes on the workers are coming

Trotsky showed how to defend the Soviet Union—not support of the imperialist in the war, but relentless class struggle against them is only way to save workers state
   Tasks of the workers
   "A real alliance" The crimes of Stalin, by Lydia Beidel
   III. Stalin beheads the Chinese revolution, 1925-27 How British ‘democracy’ works in South Africa, by Jerry Kirk
   Head-tax system



Volume V No. 48 Saturday, November 29, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

Cannon answers ‘sedition’ charges—defends socialist ideas on MInneapolis witness stand—SWP leader gives program for labor’s emancipation—effectively answers all distortions of prosecution, by Felix Morrow
   Spokesman for the Trotskyist program
   Schweinhaut’s tricks
   Cannon’s answer to the charges Bulletin! Defense closes case ’Captive’ mine workers forced to arbitrate—government strikebreaking threats, lack of full CIO support lead to ending of strike, by Art Preis
   Roosevelt’s anti-labor hand strengthened
   Miners faced tremendous odds
   Strike brought out contradictions Libyan front is of no use to defense of USSR—it serves interests of British Empire, not the workers state, by Henry Keller
   Imperialists will not save USSR

Pro-war stand imperils CIO organizing drives—leadership’s support for war conflicts with need for militant campaign methods, by Joe Andrews
   Warmongers ready to “shelve things"
   Progressive stand on many questions
   Robinson on Canada
   An amazing resolution
   Hillmanite and Stalinist competition Poll-tax court sets date for execution of Waller New forces supporting defense of 23 on trial—women’s group hits trial
   Support right of free speech
   Dorothy Schultz starts on tour
   Noted figures join committee CP-Frankensteen forces propose aid to FBI hounding of unions, by Murray Weiss
   Militants opposed Cannon answers ‘sedition’ charges
   The party’s proletarian policy
   Comic-opera story blown up
   Contrast between defendants and government witnesses
   Jim Cannon’s appearance ’Militant” Army

James P. Cannon on the witness stand—first witness for the defense gives masterful exposition of principles and tactics of the SWP
   The formation of the Socialist Workers Party
    The split in the Communist Party
    Differences with the Socialist Party
   The fundamental aim of the party
   The bosses and the middle class in a workers state
    Our attitude to the middle class
    The withering away of the state
   The internal laws pushing capitalism to bankruptcy
    The problem of overproduction
    Capitalist competition leads to war

What we seek to accomplish by our agitation—"to convince masses of desirability of socialism, and to organize them . . . to bring it about"
   The role of our agitation
   Significance of fascism
   The party’s new declaration of principles
    The question of the Labor party
    The plenum-conference of Oct., 1941
   Our principles have not changed
    What is a social revolution?
   Prerequisites for the revolution
    Symptoms of capitalist decay
    The role of the New Deal
   "Predictions’ of the social revolution
    The class struggle in modern society

Cannon charges that it is “always the ruling class” that initiates violence—rules ‘want to hang onto their privileges, to reinforce them by violence against majority’ (continued from Page 4)
   Workers democracy is our aim
   What class is responsible for violence?
    Winning a majority to socialism
    An example in American history
    Fascism and violence
   The possibility of peaceful revolution
    Goverment [sic] in a workers state
   Expropriation of the sixty families
    Election campaigns and the SWP
    How the party arrives at decisions
    Attitude to the capitalist government
    Differences of opinion in the party
   "Internationalist to the very core’
    Opposition to racial prejudices
    The fourth international and the SWP

The role of the Trotskyists in the trade unions —we try to strengthen the trade unions, organize the unorganized and popularize our ideas (continued from Page 5)
   Why we had to leave the international
   Disaffiliation from international
   Declaration of principles withdrawn
   Our interest in the trade union movement
    The CIO and the AFL
    Democracy in the trade union
    Our activities inside the unions
   The defense offers some exhibits
    Goldman explains
    The court speaks Miners forced to arbitrate (continued from Page 1)
   Immediate conferences

The Negro Struggle, by Ernest Williams
   The mine strike and the Negro people
   History of the UMW
   Pressure against strike
   Loyal to union Complaints that draftees make—general staff itself is forced to print some of their letters, by Joseph Hansen
   Summary of complaints
   "Treated as machines"
   "Inefficient, hide-bound . . . “
   "God keep us . . . “
   "Chaos . . . “
   General headquarters comment A correction British bosses are worries about aims of U.S. imperialism, by Jack Weber
   British export and the Lease-Lend Act
   They have ‘two enemies to fight’
   What will happen to Canada? Libyan front is of no use to defense of USSR (continued from Page 1)
   Stalin’s policy
   Who can save the USSR? Jack McDonald
   First secretary of Canadian C.P.

Join us in fighting for:

Free speech on trial

Imperialism and Dutch Guiana

Administration backs anti-labor law drive—flood of anti-labor bills being introduced in Congress presents preview of labor provisions planned by president, by Don Dore
   The ‘extreme’ proposals
   "Hard cop-soft cop"
   The Connally bill
   What Roosevelt wants Weygand’s ousting marks new stage in France’s development, by Marcel Letourneur
   The role of Weygand
   Hitler’s demands upon Europe
   Hitler makes preparations

The real criminals in Harlem ‘crime wave’—landlords, employers, city administration blamed for economic conditions which drive Harlem youth to crime
   Insult to Negro people



Volume V No. 49 Saturday, December 6, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

18 convicted under anti-labor Smith Act; plan appeal to higher courts—all defendants acquitted on sedition count—Minneapolis federal jury frees five more of original 28 defendants; appeal to be based on clear-cut issue of free speech
   To be sentenced next Monday
   Defendants’ statement Labor unions fight anti-strike laws—Roosevelt-sponsored bill to curb strikes is introduced by House Labor Committee, by Don Dore
   CIO call
   Labor Committee bill


   "Compromise’ would be fatal

Mapping aid for other defendants (picture)

USSR scores first major victory in Rostov battle—but fate of Soviet Union still depends on adoption of policy of revolutionary war, by John G. Wright

Telegrams to defendants

American-Japanese war preparations hastened—rival imperialist hold ‘peace’ talks as they rush plans for war in the pacific, by Joseph Hansen

Farmers union meets in St. Paul
   Two steps by FDR
   Program watered down Some facts on the Smith Act

Day by day summary of the Minnesota trial—18 convicted under Smith Act (continued from Page 1)
   Decision of jury
   History of case
   Eighteen day, Monday, November 24
   Nineteenth day, Tuesday, November 25
    SWP union policy
   Twentieth day, Wednesday, November 26
    Attacks strikes in “emergency"
   Twenty-first and 22nd day, Thursday and Friday, November 27-28
   Twenty-third day, Saturday. November 29
    Bartlett’s testimony

The defense reviews its case, by Felix Morrow

Workers’ Forum
   How the draftee army develops initiative

Labor leader acquitted in Texas frame-up trial

Latest “fourth international” features many timely articles

Cannon tells the jury how Trotskyists oppose all the imperialists in the war
   Economic conflicts cause war
   "Our party is opposed to all imperialist wars"
    For the Ludlow amendment
    What the party would do during war
   Answering the charges relating to sabotage
    On insubordination in army
   This is not “a war of democracy against fascism"
   Our program can bring about the defeat of Hitler
    The war will be followed by revolution
   The relation of the party to our press
    Interpretations of events
    Differences of opinion
   Editorials, signed columns and articles in our press
    Responsibility for some material

We want military trainin [sic] under control of the unions—our military policy alone provides the kind of training and leadership that can destroy fascism
   Circulation of the party press
   Interpretations of party policy
   Military training under direction of trade unions
    Camps to train workers and officers
    Civil rights for the soldiers
   The cause of grievances in the armed forces
    The example of Plattsburg
    No grievance without foundation
   How we seeks to put military policy into effect
    We would introduce it into Congress
    Schweinhaut “clears atmosphere"
   The party’s position on the Russian revolution
    “Most progressive event in history"
   The February Revolution overthrew Czarism
    Soviets established everywhere

The possibility of peaceful revolutions—it exists until ruling class resorts to violence (continued from Page 4)
   The role of the Bolsheviks
   How the Bolshevik Party came to power
    The attempted uprising of Kornilov
    Violence and the October Revolution
    How Soviets were elected
    Bolsheviks supporterd [sic] by great majority
    “Clear and present danger” doctrine
   Differences between Trotsky and Stalin
    Struggle for democracy
    Objections by Schweinhaut
   Why we defend the Soviet Union
    Because it is a workers state
    Need for political revolution in USSR
    Lack of workers’ democracies

The part comrade Trotsky played in our movement—our party “regarded him all the time as the theoretical inspirer and teacher of our movement” (continued from Page 5)
   Marxism is our party’s guide to action
    The Communist Manifesto of 1848
    Difference between England and Europe
    The American Civil War
   A workers state will lead to classless society
    Blanquism and our movement
    The support of the majority
   Relation of Trotsky to the Socialist Workers Party
    After Trotsky came to Mexico
   Nature of discussions with Trotsky
    Trotsky’s work

The Negro Struggle, by Ernest Williams
   Negro workers and the CIO convention
   Resolutions of interest
   Attitude toward war
   Need for militant action

Southern drive is a key task of CIO—organizing campaign in South, voted by convention, will meet violent opposition, by Joe Andrews
   Delegates cite Southern conditions
   Southern workers ready for drive View of CIO convention

Why did Hitler resurrect the anti-Comintern Pact? By Jack Weber
   Why the pact is now revived
   Effect on Japan-U.S. Crisis
   Intervention and intervention American-Japanese war preparations hastened (continued from Page 1)
   Areas already mined
   "Peaceful intentions"

Join us in fighting for: They fear CP ranks will learn the truth "Controlling’ prices USSR scored first major victory in Rostov battle (continued from Page 1)
   Illuminating admission
   What hold German soldiers back
   Stalin surrenders this weapon The crimes of Stalin, by Lydia Beidel
   Stalin goes ‘left’—1928-33
    Background:
    The ‘third period’
    “United front from below"
    Effects of the Stalinist line Behind the scenes of “American First,” by Myra Ward
   Who finances America First?
   America First leaders



Volume V No. 50 Saturday, December 13, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow



Volume V No. 51 Saturday, December 20, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

War reinstates 1917 espionage act—was used in last war to attack civil liberties—actual working of statute does not apply to labor groups; but judicial decisions include their regular activities under it
   What the act did USSR faces war on two fronts—pressure on Stalin to open war on Japan; he tries to resort to policy of evasion, by John G. Wright
   "Aloof neutrality"
   Japan’s position Six of the defendants convicted (picture) Nazis given free speech, labor leaders denied it Four N.J. unions aids defendants Judge sentences 18 Minnesota defendants—Twelve defendants sentenced to prison for 16 months; six get terms of year and a day; all released on bail pending appeal
   Circuit court next Chicago auto workers protest trial

James P. Cannon on witness stand, tells jury about history of the workers defense guards—they were formed to protect workers’ parties and unions against the attacks of fascists and hoodlums
   Workers defense guard is not a new idea
    Attacks by Stalinist hoodlums
    A previous guard in Minneapolis
   Growth of fascist movements before the war
    The Christian front and Bundists
   Unions discuss the problem
   What happened to the guards Next week:
   The opening of the cross-examination
    Concerned with welfare of the masses
   The role of America’s sixty families
    The government represents the capitalists

Schweinhaut asks about the sixty families—inquired what will happen to them in a workers state (continued from Page 2)
   Historic developments on our side
   How the bosses will try to stop us
    We want right to advocate our ideas
    Winning the majority
   Reactionary legislations and fascist violence
    Use of reference to other countries
    Protecting rights of workers
   How we’ll try to prevent fascism in this country
    “Wonderfully good idea"
    Defense guards will grow automatically
   The kind of army a workers state will have
    Relation of officers to men

We will resist attempts of the capitalists to suppress our ideas and institute fascism (continued from Page 3)
    The question of political commissars
    Example of need for military training
    The election of officers
   Schweinhaut reads some quotations
    Reforms and revolution
    Formulations and interpretation
   We will offer the alternative of socialism to war
    What we mean by ‘good soldiers’
    When we will support war
    Political opposition does not mean sabotage

Cannon’s testimony ends with some history—he answers Schweinhaut’s attempts to make it appear Russian Revolution was made by minority (continued from Page 4)
    Favor defending soldiers’ rights
   Our independent tasks in time of war
    How to end the slaughter
   Defending the legality of the Russian Revolution
    Schweinhaut reads from Trotsky
    Cannon explains a little history USSR faces war on two fronts (continued from Page 1) 18 convicted under Smith Act—but which section?
   "Evidence"
   Other complications

Join us in fighting for: ’Militant’ ownership Bill of rights day What happened to the ‘isolationists’? The Stalinists and the ‘appeasers’ War entry reinstates Espionage Act of 1917 (continued from Page 1)
   Supreme Court decision
   Supplements in 1918 The crimes of Stalin, by Lydia Beidel
   Stalin and Hitler’s seizure of power, 1931-33
    Background
    The rise of Nazism
    Trotsky’s warnings
    Stalin shackles workers before Hitler
    Fascism takes power
    End of the Communist international GPU plans killing Jacson then blaming N. Trotsky—with date for sentence of Trotsky’s assassin approaching, Stalin’s agents are desperate to put him where he can’t talk, by Walter Rourke
   How Siqueiros got away
   Statement of Natalia Trotsky


   
   
   
   


   
   
   
   
   
   


   
   
    # # # 47. DEC. 20, 1941

New board planned to curb labor—similar body in 1918 undermined union conditions—no-strike agreement demanded of labor; anti-labor bill threat hangs over heads of union leaders at capitol conference
   How the board functioned
   Plenty of lockouts Bill of rights defenders hold N.Y. Rally to free 18—700 at CRDC meeting support fight to aid defendants convicted under Smith gag act
   Resistance to a violation
   Revolution and the Bill of Rights
   Goldman explains the charges Marine cooks and stewards vote to aid defendants New Yorkers’ get taste of war (picture) Execution of Waller is stayed until March 12
   Non-payers barred
   What Senator Glass said War profiteers scored for causing high prices—consumers union-Lawyers Guild survey shows bosses responsibility for rising prices
   Labor costs lower despite wage rises Rubbers workers endorse C.R.D.C. Vultee manages to get along New bail must be raised for eighteen defendants

The economic stakes of the war in the far East—tremendous resources of tin, oil, rubber are among prizes fought over in the war, by Don Dore
   Fabulous riches for imperialists
   Oil of the indies
   Capital investment Thumbnail biographies of 18 convicted
   James P. Cannon:
   Farrell Dobbs:
   Albert Goldman:
   V.R.Dunne:
   Felix Morrow:
   Carl Skoglund:
   Ed Palmquist:
   Grace Holmes Carlson:
   Jake Cooper:
   Oscar Coover:
   Harry DeBoer:
   Max Geldman:
   Clarence Hamel:
   Emil Hansen:
   Carlos Hudson:
   Karl Keuhn:
   Alfred Russell:
   Oscar Shoenfeld: Auto workers taking steps to aid draftees, jobless
   Favor moratorium Bill of rights defenders hold N.Y. rally to free 18 (continued from Page 1)
   Statement of James T. Farrell
   Solidarity of defendants
   Civil liberties in the last war War Labor Board meant to curb labor struggles (continued from Page 1)
   A typical example
   Helpless to enforce decisions
   After the war "Militant’ Army

Albert Goldman’s final argument to the jury—from the court record: his explanation of the issues in the trial
   A trial of heretics
   A warning of the dangers of prejudice
   I must discuss our ideas
   The issues in this case are crystal clear
   Is our party a conspiracy?
   A conspiratorial atmosphere Albert Goldman, labor defender—he made history in the trial of the twenty-eight, by Felix Morrow

"We are not conspirators, but a political party trying to organize the majority of the people for socialism” (continued from Page 3)
    We protect party members
    Don’t call us conspirators!
   Documents versus verbal testimony
    Which documents are important?
   Prosecution emphasizes certain pamphlets
    We aspire to bring socialism
   What socialism can do for humanity
    The workers’ and farmers’ government

The workers state will create true democracy—will permit free speech, press and assemblage and will also give minorities the means to exercise them (continued from Page 4)
   Our aim is to establish a socialist society
    Do we advocate violence?
    Our form of government
   What is the Marxist conception of social laws?
    Pre-capitalist class struggles
   The class struggle in society today
    When men can be good
   Capitalism in decline throughout the world
    Socialism requires a majority

Join us in fighting for: "Equal sacrifice" Welcome news from the Soviet war front C.P. distorts what Lenin said on Junius pamphlet—the Stalinists are using what Lenin wrote in defense of self-determination in 1916 to justify their position on the war now, by John G. Wright
   Lenin on Junius’ error
   The question of self-determination
   Possibilities and facts
   Minor’s distortions
   Applied to present war Stalin is willing to have the allies police the world, by Max Rosen
   The Soviet-Polish pact
   Third point most important
   How Stalin weakens defense of USSR



Volume V No. 52 Saturday, December 27, 1941, New York, NY
The Militant
Official Weekly Organ of the Socialist Workers Party
Formally Socialist Appeal

Editoral Board:

    Felix Morrow

Bosses seek to ‘freeze’ open shop—demand unions surrender all basic rights—employers responsible for deadlock in war labor policy conference at capitol
   The Thomas proposal
   The bosses’ aims
   Beyond the “deadline"
   Employers have nothing to lose

The Negro mess attendant on the “Arizona,’ An Editorial

Dodge local sends funds to defend 18—Dodge Local No. 3 declares solidarity in Minneapolis case

Cops fail to intimidate Canadian strikers (pictures)

Longshoremen tax themselves to aid the 18

USSR victories could be turning point of war—with a policy of revolutionary war they could lead to the overthrow of Hitler, by Anthony Massini
   Important lessons for fight against fascism
   Part played by the armed worker detachments

Union donations to the C.R.D.C. since war began

War order ‘commission’ racket bared at hearing—fat fees paid agents for using influence to steer war contract to their clients
   $700,000 worth of “advice" Trusts, not farmers, gain from food price rises

The bosses are seeking to ‘freeze’ the open shop (continued to Page 1)
   Workers don’t strike for the fun of it

Garbage collectors get dirty deal in Rochester

James T. Farrell on the Minneapolis convictions—the convicion [sic] of the 18 is a clear and present danger to the Bill of Rights, by James T. Farrell
   Keep the truth on the March War orders ‘commission’ racket bared senate ‘committee’ hearing (continued from Page 1)
   What did he do for his $100,000
   Big trusts don’t need ‘commission’ men USSR victories could be turning point (continued from Page 1)
   The question of the ‘fifth column’
   German morale
   Army morale
   What revolutionary propaganda can do
   How Stalin helps Hitler "The Nation’ calls trial attack on free speech—an editorial in Dec. 13 issue of liberal weekly urges progressives to join defense

"Militant’ Army

Albert Goldman tells the Minneapolis jury that we seek to organize “the immense majority in the interest of the immense majority” —"if, as our writings show, we want majority of people to accept our ideas, why should we advocate violence?"
    What we mean by majority
   What the seeking of a majority means
    The prosecution distorts our ideas
   Reactionaries will instigate violence against majority
    Our rights were won by struggle
    We shall try to avoid violence
   Historic examples of violence by reactionaries
    What is a revolutionary situation?
    Advocacy of violence—or prediction?

Distinction between prediction and advocacy—"We are justified in predicting capitalists will not surrender power to workers without violent struggle” (continued from Page 3)
   Why we are revolutionary socialists
    Our position on the war
   Our anti-war opinions are being prosecuted
    Where we stand on the war
   Our attitude toward imperialist war
    We predicted this war
    Fascism must be destroyed—how?
   Fascism is the product of decaying capitalism
    Our program to defeat fascism
    The class struggle will intensify

OUr party favors compulsory military training—"with fascism on scene, we recognize that all important questions will be settled by military means” (continued from Page 4)
    What political opposition means
   The proletarian military policy of our party
    For equal rights in the army
    Why workers follow us
   Military training under trade union control
    Why we want workers defense guards

Italian fascists fear mass revolt—signs of crumpling fascists rule multiply; regime dreads coming revolutionary tide, by Don Dore
   Reason for the “trial"
   Mussolini parrots the democracies
   The Italian economy
   Rations in Italy
   Who would replace Mussolini?

Join us in fighting for:

Lynch incitements

Bosses’ sacrifices

Stalinists on the trial

Lay-offs in auto

Our answer to Foster’s questions and answers—Foster’s explanation of the Stalin-Hitler pact is intended only to whitewash and justify course of the Stalinist bureaucracy, By M. Stein
   Foster tries to calm C.P. Ranks
   Cost of the pact
   Industrial output
   Strategic position
   Balance of power
   Effect on German workers
   Decisive criterion

Union contributors to civil rights defense committee

 


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