Key Words: NEWSPAPERS, MAGAZINES, JOURNALS
American Socialist 1956–1959: When the Cochran-Braverman group split from the Socialist Workers Party in 1953, it did not attempt to set up another ‘vanguard’ formation. Instead the organization they formed, called The Socialist Union, was a conscious attempt to pursue a different model. In combination with their monthly magazine, The American Socialist, they attempted to start a new Marxist current that would dispense with the sectarian habits of the past. Although the magazine was published for only six years, from 1954 through 1959, it is still very relevant for today’s activists who are trying to construct new revolutionary organizations that are free of dogmatism and sectarianism.
This ETOL section is devoted to publicizing the magazine and the efforts of the Socialist Union. The American Socialist articles were scanned by Louis Proyect, who is the moderator of the Marxism mailing list at www.marxmail.org. A. Lehrer also played an important role in transferring the files from the late Sol Dollinger’s Socialist Union website to this location.
Anvil was launched by the New York Student Federation Against War, an amalgamation of several socialist and radical campus clubs in New York City. For the first two issues, the publisher was listed as the Federation alone; thereafter and up through the 12th issue, to the name of the Federation was added a number of radical and socialist clubs in other parts of the country, the list varying from time to time. The New York Student Federation had never really developed as a going concern apart from the constituent clubs, and it ceased to be listed beginning with the 13th issue. In fact, no student groups as such were thenceforth listed as publishers, the sponsorship being represented only by the editorial board
At its founding the editor was Julius Jacobson. He was eventually succeeded by Bob Bone (10th issue), Margaret Levi (11th–13th), Don Harris (14th), George Rawick (15th–18th), and Michael Harrington (19th–20th).
Arbeiter Und Soldat/Worker and Soldier, produced in occupied France during WWII ,this journal was brought out by French Trotskyists in conjuction with German Trotskyists drafted into the German Army and serving in the occupation forces. A description in Yvan Craipeau’s book Contre vents et marées (Against winds and tides) quotes Roland Filiâtre, one of the comrades responsible for this work: “The French comrades started discussions with German soldiers and got them talking and giving hints of their past politics. Once they had shown themselves trustworthy, after screening they were put in touch with the German soldiers who produced Der Arbeiter and then taken care of by their organisation. The Paris region was organised as two branches. But the heart of the organisation was in Brittany, both around Nantes and in particular around Brest where the soldiers provided the party with Ausweis [identity cards] and weapons. In Brest the organisation had about fifty soldiers on average despite some people being posted elsewhere. Contacts were established in Toulon, Valence, La Rochelle and at Conches aerodrome. Links were established with the German Trotskyist organisation, most importantly in the port of Hamburg, in Lübeck and in Rostock. Victor [a German Trotskyist, whose real name was Widelin] was responsible for these contacts. Arbeiter und Soldat was also distributed in garrisons in Italy. On 7 October 18 Fourth International Committees activists in Brittany were arrested, along with much of the Paris organisation. In total around fifty French activists were rounded up, and many of them were tortured, executed or sent to concentration camps. Similarly, as many as fifty Der Arbeiter soldier comrades were put to death, and their paper never reappeared.”
Campus Spartacist: Various US cities. Published as a stand alone newsletter irregularly in localized version of the U.S. Sparacist League national collage network, with issues published in Austin, NYC, and the Bay Area from 1965 thorugh 1971.
Challenge of Youth: A journal that reflected in a short period of a few years the politics of the youth of the Socialist Party, the Socialist Workers Party and the Workers Party. Officially the name of the paper of the Young People’s Socialist League, ostensibly the youth group of the Socialist Party of America but controlled by various factions in it.
Fight: The monthly magazine of the British Marxist Group and Revolutionary Socialist League from 1936 through 1938.
Fighting Worker, New York/Chicago: Newspaper of the Revolutionary Workers League (1936 through 1953), a split from the U.S. Socialist Worker Party lead by Hugo Oehler.
Forward! (later Forward) was the organ of the Jamaican Revolutionary Marxist League (RML), the only Trotskyist organization ever to exist in the West Indian island nation. The paper initially carried the descriptor “Propaganda Organ of the Revolutionary Marxist League” and while that was replaced with “Break the Chains, and let Workers and Small Farmers Rule!” Forward carried on propagandizing for the need for socialist revolution while focusing on the Jamaican labor scene, the post independence political struggles in Jamaica and other West Indian nations as well as making concerted efforts to address the international class struggle though a regular column entitled World Revolution. Because of the RML’s fraternal relations and later fusion into an international tendency with the U.S. based Revolutionary Socialist League(RSL), it sometimes reprinted articles from the RSL’s organ the Torch. Forward also carried two regular columns, Picket Lines and Woman’s Fight”. The first issue of the paper was published in November 1975 and the last issue available in this index is from March–April 1982. There is a complete index for the years 1979–1981, however, since the creator of the index does not have access to a full catalog of the journal some issues are missing for the year 1978, there are no issues available for the year 1976, the year 1977 is incomplete and since so little is known of the RML, there is no clear indicator when the last issue of the journal was published. Forward! was printed and published, by the Revolutionary Marxist League, P.O. Box 27, Mona P.O., Kingston 8
Fourth International This journal represented the continuation of Trotskyist politics in the United States after the tendency in the Socialist Worker Party that formed around Max Shachtman split and took the SWP theoretical journal with them, New International [see entry on NI below]. The index is in two parts: 1940–1945 and 1946–1956. In 1956 the magazine was renamed International Socialist Review. The index for ISR goes up to March 1970 at the moment.
Fourth International (RWL) Theorectical journal of the Revolutionary Workers League in the U.S., edited by Hugo Oehler and Thomas Stamm. This was the contintuation of the shortlived International News
G.I. Voice. City from which it was published is unknown. Newspaper published by G.I. supports of the U.S. Spartacist League.
Independent Socialist/International Socialist/Workers Power Journals of the International Socialists tendency in the U.S. which published continuously under these 3 names from 1967 through 1978.
International News First published in 1935 this journal was the theorectical magazine of the Revolutionary Workers League in the U.S. It published for under a year when it became the Fourth International. Fourth International stopped publishing in 1939 when International News was relaunched but as the journal of the Organ of the Provisional International Contact Commission for the New Communist (Fourth) International. The journal was continuously published from 1940 until 1950 when the organization ceased to exist.
International Socialism. This journal was originally published in 1958 as a duplicated theoretical magazine by the Socialist Review Group then working in the Labour Party. After one issue in that format the following two numbers were produced in 1959 as a joint issue in the form of a book length study of Rosa Luxemburg by Tony Cliff. In 1960 the journal resumed publication, this time in printed form, with an editorial board drawn from a variety of tendencies but retaining its link with the SRG, which became the International Socialists in 1962. The International Socialists were renamed the Socialist Workers Party 1977 and the magazine ceased publication in this format at the beginning of 1978 (No. 104) and was replaced by a book-format journal, which retained the name International Socialism but restarted the numbering, and a monthly magazine called Socialist Review.
This index is divided into five parts: 1958–1968, 1969–1974 and 1975–1978 for ISJ (series 1) and 1978–1991 and 1991–2003 for ISJ (series 2).
Labor Action was published by the Conference for Progressive Labor Action from January 1933 through December 15, 1934. It had replaced the CPLA organ, Labor Age that was published since the organizations founding in 1929. The CPLA was a radical workers organization that engaged in union organizing and solidarity with striking workers. It included among it’s ranks A. J. Muste, George Breitman and Art Preis. When the CPLA fused with the Communist League of America, the groups papers were merged to became The New Militant.
Labor Action was published by the California Socialist Party from 1936 through early 1937. It was started as a voice for the Trotskyist dominated leaderhip of the party in California. The Trotskyists were particularly influential in the California labor movement and had been members of the Socialist Party nationally since the middle of 1936 when they dissolved their Workers Party of the U.S. in order enter en masse into the SP. Labor Action was edited by James P. Cannon having just arrived from editing the The Organizer, the newspaper of the fighting Teamsters Local 574 in Minneapolis, Minn. Labor Action had particularly good coverage of the Maritime Labor scene on the West Coast.
Labor Action [NYC] was published in the United States by the Workers Party a party founded as the result of a split with the Socialist Worker Party in the Spring of 1940 shortly after the SWP itself was founded. The major political issue was over the class nature of the U.S.S.R. with the majority of the SWP taking the position held by Leon Trotsky that this state was a workers state and not a state run by a “class of a new type” as advocated by those that formed the new Workers Party. The Workers Party’s most prominent member was Max Shachtman. Many writers that were previously associated with the SWP joined the new, but smaller, Workers Party, including James T. Farrell, Hal Draper, C.L.R. James and James Burnham (the latter of whom quickly abandoned all references to Marxism and moved to the far right of America’s political spectrum). After the Workers Party changed its name into the Independent Socialist League the paper continued undeer the editorship of Hal Draper until it ceased publication in 1958 when the ISL merged with the Socialist Party.
Labour Review. This journal was published in London from 1952 until 1963 by the tendency associated with Gerry Healy. Originally it appeared very sporadically but from 1957 it appeared more regularly. From 1957 until 1959 it was one of the finest non-sectarian theoretical journals on the left internationally. With the foundation of the Socialist Labour League it became increasingly inward looking and was replaced by a journal called Fourth International in 1964.
Marxist, for the New Communist (Fourth) International. Theoretical Organ of the Revolutionary Workers League of the US New York; Chicago. This was the continuation in 1939 of Fourth International. The magazine ran only for a year in 1939 and then was replaced by the newer International News.
The Militant. Published as the journal of the U.S. Trotskyist movement beginning with issue Volume 1, No. 1 Nov. 15, 1928. As the Trotskyist movement fused and split over the next 10 years, the paper, like the name of the movement itself, went trough several permunations (always published in New York): Communist League of America, 1928–34; New Militant, published by the Workers Party of the United States, Dec. 15, 1934–August 1937; Socialist Appeal (see below) from 1937 through 1941; The Militant, again, published by the Socialist Workers Party, 1941–present.
The contemporary version of the paper is on-line and available at www.themilitant.com. From that:
A 12-week introductory subscription to The Militant is available for $10 in the United States. Longer term subscriptions are six months for $20, and one year for $35. To subscribe send a check or money order to: The Militant, 306 W. 37th Street, 10th floor, New York, NY 10018. The Militant is also shipped around the world. If you would like information on international rates please contact us at the address above, or by email at: email@example.com.
The Newsletter, London: Published by the Socialist Labour League (Gerry Healy, Mike Banda etc.) from 1956 until 1969, when it was replaced by the daily Workers Press. Initially weekly, then bi-weekly.
New International. The magazine was founded as the organ of the Trotskyist group, named the Communist League of America, which formed out of a split from the Communist Party. The CLA merged with the American Workers Party (a left-socialist group led by A.J. Muste, James Burnham et al.), to form the Workers Party of the US (Jan. 1935 issue). The magazine was suspended (last issue: June 1936) when the Trotskyists joined the Socialist Party and was reissued (Jan. 1938) when they split with the Socialist Party, forming the Socialist Workers Party. The SWP in turn split in the spring of 1940, and the magazine went (Apr. 1940) with the then minority, which organized itself under the name of Workers Party. This organization changed its name to Independent Socialist League after April 1949. Throughout these political changes, the formal publisher of the magazine was the “New International Publishing Company” (except for the first year, 1934, when it was the “New International Publishing Association”). At present the index by issue is more or less complete. It is divided into three sections: 1934–1940 (until the split), 1940–1946 and 1947–1958 (when the magazine ceased publication).
Northwest Organizer Minneapolis: Northwest Labor Unity Conference, 1935–36; Minneapolis Teamsters’ Joint Council, 1936–41; Local 544-CIO (1941) Weekly.
Editors included Pat Corcoran, Farrell Dobbs, Jack Smith, and Miles Dunne. Succeeded The Organizer. The Trotskyist lead paper served the militant labor movement of the Upper Midwest and was not strictly connected to one particular party. Most of its space was devoted to the activities of Teamsters Local 574 (later 544) and its various sections. The paper both chronicled and aided Local 574/544’s successful efforts to unionize workers and support strikes. Its pages also carried the heated debates and conflicts surrounding tactics and philosophies of different organizations, such as the AFL, the Communist Party, the Socialist Workers Party, the F-LP, and the CIO. The paper ceased publication in 1941 following Local 544’s split into CIO 544 and AFL 544 and was replaced by the Industrial Organizer (CIO 544) and Minnesota Teamsters (AFL 544).
The Organizer: Minneapolis: Teamsters’ Local 574 (General Drivers and Helpers Union), 1934. Weekly and daily.
Strike bulletin of the General Drivers and Helpers Union during the Minneapolis truck drivers’ strike of 1934· Edited by Trotskyist Communist League of America organizer Farrell Dobbs. The bulletin chronicled the events and grievances leading up to the strike, provided daily coverage of the strike when it began in July, and continued with weekly coverage of the union after the strike was settled. The bulletin also featured two regular columns: The National Picket Line, devoted to labor developments around the country, and Labor Looks at the Press, reprints of stories and editorials from the mainstream press, with commentary. Herbert Solow contributed often to the bulletin. Succeeded by the Northwest Organizer in 1935.
Soapbox. Published by the Young Peoples Socialist League, the Student Section of the Socialist Workers Party (US) in 1939, mostly for NYC collage campuses.
Proletarian Revolution/Socialist Voice Journals of the League for the Revolutionary Party. A Trotskyist tendency that had its origins in the Revolutionary Socialist League and was expelled from that oganization in 1976.
Revolutionary Communist Youth Newsletter. New York. Journal of the Revolutionary Communist Youth, in political solidarity with the Spartacist League, US. 1971–1973
Revolutionary Marxist Caucus Newsletter. New York. Journal of the supporters of the US Spartacist League inside the Worker-Student Alliance in SDS. Published 1970–1971 .
Revolt: Revolt, the journal of the Revolutionary Workers League lead by Thomas Stamm. This was a split from a larger organization in the 1930s lead by Hugo Oehler with the exact same name. The RWL has its origin with the Workers Party of the U.S., (the Trotskyist organization that became the SWP) in 1935. Both RWLs ceased to exist after 1950.
Socialist Appeal [Chicago, Ill.] This magazine was started by Albert Goldman, a supporter the Trotskyist movement in the United States who formally left the Workers Party of the United States, the US Section of the International Left Opposition, to enter into the Socialist Party of America and work and develop this party’s left-wing, which had been growing under the impact of the Depression. The paper was started in 1935 and was shortly joined by the official membership of the Trotskyist movement in the U.S. lead by James P. Cannon. The Trotskyists stopped publishing their organ, The New Militant and joined in publishing Socialist Appeal. Socialist Appeal remained the Trotskyist faction’s paper through when its resources were merged with the Socialist Appeal a broadsheet published by the Trotskyist led left wing of the SP in New York City. Socialist Appeal in Chicago stopped publishing in 1937, its resources merging with the New York broadsheet of the same name.
Socialist Appeal [New York City]. Published in New York City, officially sub-titled as the “Organ of the Socialist Party of New York, Left Wing Branches” with the same editorial positions as the Chicago Socialist Appeal, noted above. The first issue of this paper is from August 14, 1937, Vol. 1, No. 1. This New York Socialist Appeal was published as a broadsheet weekly. After Left Wings Branches were expelled from the SP, they went on to establish the Socialist Workers Party in January of 1938 and Socialist Appeal became the official party organ. Socialist Appeal was changed back to The Militant in 1941. The last issue is noted as Vol. 5 No. 4, January 25, 1941. The index for this paper is listed in The Militant index as it’s a continuation of the same political tendency that originally put out the The Militant in 1928.
Socialist Worker [US], Cleveland, later Chicago. Monthly newspaper of the International Socialist Organization. First published in April 1977.
Student Partisan This magazine was launched by the Politics Club of the University of Chicago at a time when radical student activities were making a new beginning in the postwar period but no student movement had yet appeared on a national scale. In many ways the University of Chicago campus was to the late ’40s and ’50s was what CCNY had been in the ’30s and Berkeley was going to be in the ’60s: the campus with the most activity of a “student movement” type. The focus of this activity was the Politics Club. Its relatively large membership was more heterogeneous than radical clubs had tended to be. It included socialists of various tendencies and even some liberals; but the largest single political current in the club was that of the youth group of the Independent Socialist League, called the Socialist Youth League. It was their views which gave the main political tone to Student Partisan.
A similar student magazine was launched in New York City in the fall of 1949: see the introductory note to the Anvil index in this volume. The two magazines were merged the following year, and the independent existence of Student Partisan came to an end after nine issues. In effect, the merged magazine continued Anvil (and continued Anvil’s issue numbering), though the title became formally Anvil and Student Partisan.
Spartacist, New York: Theoretical Journal of the Spartacist League.
Student Socialist Organ of the Socialist Youth League which was the youth group of the Independent Socialist League, lead by Max Shachtman and Hal Draper among many other socialist intellectuals of the 1950s.
Vanguard Newsletter Journal of the Vanguard Newsletter organization and Class Struggle League, a 1969 split out of the U.S. Spartacist League, based in New York City. The publication run was from 1969-1073 and edited by Harry Turner.
Women and Revolution: Quarterly journal of the Spartacist League dealing with Women and Marxism.
Workers Action: Originally published Emeryville, CA., and called “Publication of the Committee for a Labor Party”, it later moved to New York City. July 1968 through September of 1971 when its name changed to Workers Vanguard. First publication of the Spartacist League, focusing on work in the unions on the West Coast of the U.S.
Workers’ International News, London: Workers’ International League, 1938–1944; Revolutionary Communist Party, 1944–1949. Monthly, later irregular. Theroretical organ of the WIL and then the RCP until the dissolution of the party in 1949.
Workers Power (and Independent Socialist/International Socialist) Journals of the International Socialists tendency in the U.S. which published continuously under these 3 names from 1967 through 1978.
Workers Vanguard, New York: Journal of the Spartacist League.
Young Socialist, New York: Newspaper of the of Young Socialist Alliance, youth of the Socialist Workers Party.
Young Spartacus New York: Newspaper of the Spartacus Youth League, National Youth Committee of the Communist League of America, 1931–1934.
Alarm, Minneapolis: Scandinavian Propaganda League of the IWW, 1915–18. Monthly and semimonthly. In Swedish, Danish and Norwegian.
Editors included Carl Ahlteen, Walfrid Engdahl and Carl Skogland. Suceeded Solidaritet, a short-lived Swedish IWW publication from Seattle. Paper covered events involving the IWW and the Scandinavian Socialist Federation in Minnesota and reported regularly on the unionization of workers in various industries. The paper opposed US entry into WWI, and in 1917, Ahlteen and two others were arrested and charged with impeding the conduct of the war. The paper lost its second-class mailing permit and ceased in 1918. It was succeeded by Facklan.
Black Dwarf, London (1968–1972): A non-aligned radical socialist, whose first editor (1968–70), Tariq Ali, was a member of the International Marxist Group, British Section of the USFI. In 1970 Ali and other suppoerters of the IMG split to set up Red Mole. The paper continued publicxation until 1972.
Bulletin in Defense of Marxism, New York: Newspaper of the Fourth International Tendency.
The Bulletin, New York: Bi-Weekly newspaper of the Workers League.
Fighting Worker, Detroit: Newspaper of the Revolutionary Workers League, a group of independent origin that started in Michagan, U.S., in the late 1970s. Affliated for a period of time with the Trotskyist International Liaison Committee.
Freedom Socialist, Seattle: Newspaper of the Freedom Socialist Party.
Industrial Organizer, Minneapolis: Motor Transport and Allied Workers Industrial Union, Local 544 (CIO), 1941–42. Weekly.
Edited by Miles Dunne. Formed when Local 544 split into CIO 544 and the more moderate AFL 544. Paper vowed “to carry on the militant labor traditions of its honorable predecessor.” It covered national CIO news and regularly criticized the AFL. Most of its pages were devoted to certification elections among furniture transport drivers and the trial of 29 leaders of Local 544-CIO and the Socialist Workers Party indicted under the Smith Act. As the trial progressed, the paper provided day-by-day coverage and reflected on different theories about the principles and the reasons behind the indictments. The publication ceased in 1942 due to lack of funds.
Intercontinental Press (formerly World Outlook), Paris, then New York (1964 through 1980): Weekly, later bi-weekly publication of the United Secretariat of the Fourth International established after the majority of the International Committee merged with the International Secretariat. Edited by Joseph Hansen of the U.S. SWP. Considered a highly informed but internally factional new weekly of international affairs.
Justice, Seattle, formerly Labor Militant, currently Socialist Alternative: U.S. Section of the Committee for a Workers International
Labor Challenge, Toronto: Organ of the League for Socialist Action
Labor Militant, New York: Original journal of the Labor Militant tendency in the U.S. Later Socialist Alternative.
Living Marxism, London: Theorectical Journal of the Revolutionary Communist Party (1970/80s). Split from the International Socialists. Ceased calling itself Trotskyist after a short period.
Militant, London: Newspaper of Militant, a tendency in the British Labour Party, affiliated to the Committee for a Workers International.
Minnesota Appeal, Minneapolis SWP, Minnesota Section, 1939–(?): frequency unknown.
Paper vehemently opposed President Franklin Roosevelt, the New Deal, and the Communist Party, considering the Communist Party to be a tool of the war-mongering Roosevelt. Also critical of the F-LP. No editor named.
Newsline, London: Daily organ of the Workers Revolutoinary Party (Gerry Healy). Continuation of Workers Press. Remained newspaper of the WRP fraction after same blew up in 1985.
The Organizer, San Francisco: Magazine of Socialist Organizer, U.S. Section of the [Lambertist] Fourth International, founded in 1992
Perspective Mundial, New York: Spanish language monthly of the U.S. SWP. Lasted 1970s through mid-1980s.
Red Mole, London: Organ of the International Marxist Group. Founded in March 1970 after a split in the Black Dwarf editorial board, it was initially not explicitly an IMG paper but by September 1970 the IMG had taken control of the paper. It was renamed/replaced by Red Weekly in May 1973, was again renamed/replaced by Socialist Challenge in in June 1977 and eventually became/was replaced by Socialist Action in March 1983 after the organisation entered the Labour Party. The name chages tended to reflect changes in the organisation’s oerientation and the ascendancy of different factions within the organisation, which eventually disintegrated after the British Miners’ Strike 1984–85 and, as far as we can ascertain, the paper ceased publication during the 1990s, although (at the time of writing – March 2013) there is still a Socialist Action website.
Red Tide: Journal of the International Socialists’ youth organization of the same name.
Socalist Action, San Francisco: Monthly organ of the group with the same name, affiliated with the United Secretariat of the Fourth International.
Socialist Appeal, Minneapolis: Newspaper of the Workers Intenrational League, affiliated to the International Marxist Tendency.
Socialist Worker [GB], London: Weekly newspaper of the Socialist Workers Party. First published in 1974 as Labour Worker.
The Torch, New York: Newsaper of Revolutionary Socialist League.
Unionist, Austin (Texas): Independent Union of All Workers, 1935–37; Packinghouse Workers Organizing Committee, 1937–40; Local 9 (United Packinghouse Workers of America), 1940–79; Local P-9 of the United Food and Commercial Workers, 1979–present. Weekly. Editors included Carl Nilson and Svend Godfredsen. Paper began as organ of the IUAW and maintained its militant tone into the early 1940s, containing within its pages the diverse voices of Communists, Trotskyists, Socialists, and trade unionists. Paper covered CIO national news and activities and meetings of locals, as well as some general news. Paper carried many regular columns of political commentary, hunting and fishing tips, movie reviews, and cartoons.
Workers Power London: Newspaper of group with the same name. Split from International Socialists
Workers Press London: Daily newspaper of the Socialist Labour League, later the Workers Revolutionary Party, British section of the International Committee of the Fourth International (Gerry Healy, Cliff Slaughter, Michael Banda) from 1969. Succeded by a daily with the name Newsline.
Workers Press, London: Weekly newsapaper of a Workers Revolutionary Party fragment after the party with the same name blew up in 1985.
Workers Vanguard, Toronto: Newsaper of the Canadian Trotskyist organization in the 1950s.
Workers Voice, San Francisco: Newsaper of a short live group of the same name. Briefly affiliated with the British Workers Power organization.
Working Class Opposition/El Bolsheviki, Los Angeles/San Francisco: Bi-lingual monthly of the Internationalist Worker Party, the former section of the Internationalist Workers League-Fourth International.
Young Socialist, London: Weekly newspaper of the Young Socialists associated with the Workers Revolutionary Party.
Young Socialist, New York: Newspaper of the Young Socialists associated with the Workers League.
Young Spartacist, New York: Newspaper of the Spartacist Youth League, associated with the Spartacist League.
Last updated 20 November 2013