February 18 or 19 (March 2 or 8, new
||Lenin participates in a meeting of members of
Social-Democratic groups in various Russian towns held in
St. Petersburg. The problems discussed are: the transition from
Marxist propaganda in narrow study circles to political agitation
among the masses and the publication of popular literature for
||Lenin's The Economic Content of Narodism and the
Criticism of It in Mr. Struve's Book is published in the
miscellany Material for a Characterisation of Our Economic
Development under the pseudonym of K. Tulin. The miscellany was
seized by the tsarist censors and almost the entire edition was
|April 25 (May 7)
||Lenin goes abroad to establish contact with the
Emancipation of Labour group, and to acquaint himself with the
West-European working-class movement.
||While in Switzerland Lenin makes the acquaintance of
members of the Emancipation of Labour group (G. V. Plekhanov and
others), and arranges for regular contacts with them, and for the publication abroad of the miscellany Rabotnik.
|End of May-June (June-beginning of
||Lenin lives in Paris. Becomes acquainted with Paul
||Lenin takes a cure at a Swiss sanatorium.
|Latter half of July-beginning of
half of August-middle of September)
||During his stay in Berlin, Lenin works in the public
library, acquaints himself with Marxist. literature, and attends
July 22 (August 3)
||Lenin attends a Social-Democratic meeting held in the
Niederbarnim suburb of Berlin.
|September 7 (19)
||Lenin returns to Russia, carrying with him a portmanteau
with a false bottom containing illegal Marxist literature.
|Between 7 and 29 of September
(September 19 and
||Lenin visits Vilno, Moscow and Orekhovo-Zuyevo, where he
establishes contact with members of local Social-Democratic groups,
and gets their agreement to support the miscellany Rabotnik
then being published abroad.
|September 29 (October 11)
||Lenin returns to St. Petersburg.
||Lenin founds the League of Struggle for the Emancipation
of the Working Class in St. Petersburg.
||Lenin sends abroad a series of items dealing with the
working-class movement in Russia, for publication in the
|Not before November 7 (19)
||The St. Petersburg League of Struggle issues the leaflet
written by Lenin entitled “To the Working Men and Women of the
|November 25 (December 7)
||Lenin's article “Gymnasium Farms and Corrective
Gymnasia” is published in the newspaper Samarsky Vestnik.
|November-beginning of December
(November-middle of December)
||Lenin prepares the publication of the first issue of the
illegal newspaper Rabocheye Dyelo, organ of the
St. Petersburg League of Struggle; he writes the leading article
“To the Russian Workers the article “What Are Our
Ministers Thinking About?" and others. He edits the whole issue.
|December 3 (15)
||The publication of Lenin's pamphlet Explanation of
the Law on Fines Imposed on Factory Workers is begun.
|December 8 (20)
||Meeting of the leading group of the League of Struggle,
headed by Lenin, at which the first issue of Rabocheye Dyelo,
prepared for the press, is discussed.
|In the night of December 8-9
||Lenin and other members of the St. Petersburg League of
Struggle are arrested. During the search and arrest of A. A. Vaneyev,
the police seize the material for the first issue of Rabocheye
Dyelo, then ready for the press. Lenin is remanded under
|December 21 (January 2, 1896)
||Lenin's first interrogation in prison.
|End of the year
||Lenin drafts a programme for the Social-Democratic