First published in 1965 in Collected Works, Fifth (Russian) Ed., Vol. 52.
Printed from the original.
Source: Lenin Collected Works, Progress Publishers, 1976, Moscow, Volume 45, page 79b.
Translated: Yuri Sdobnikov
Transcription\Markup: R. Cymbala
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We have been receiving (from inside and outside) more and more information about the absolutely intolerable “independence” of the Ukraine in matters of the People’s Commissariat for Food.
You must dig right down to the whole truth, which is obviously being concealed from us (to some extent probably unwittingly, by conniving at those whose concealment is deliberate). This is a serious matter, and we shall not let it go at that; we shall find out the whole truth.
We shall fully expose the role of Peshekhonov (worse than any whiteguard), who had clearly been fooling the Ukrainian C.C. (we do not yet know through whom he had done that, but we shall find out).
But just now, and above all, you are fully responsible for finding out and getting at all the facts, and must see to it that you are not duped by Peshekhonov and those who have been deceived by the Peshekhonovs.
Awaiting your reply,
With communist greetings,
 See Document 62 of this volume.—Ed.
 A. V. Peshekhonov, one-time Minister for Food in the bourgeois Provisional Government, worked at the Central Statistical Bureau of the Ukraine in 1921. On January 20, 1922, the Politbureau of the R.C.P.(B.) Central Committee decided to dismiss him from his job. In July 1922, Peshekhonov was arrested for participation in the counter-revolutionary League of Regeneration and deported.