Wissenschaft, Kunst und Technik (Leipzig), 1910, January (10th year,
No. 4). Hans Arlt, Dr., mining assessor in Munich. “Coal
and ton and Their Significance in the Present World War.” Statistics of
coal and iron reserves in the belligerent countries.
(Iron ore resources of the world)
(Coal ” ” ” ” )
(Geologicalcongresses, Stockholm 1910 and Toronto 1913).
|In coal resources the order is:||In iron:|
|1. United States||1. United States|
|2. Canada||2. Newfoundland|
|3. China||3. Germany|
|Coal output in 1913:|
|Great Britain||–287.4 million tons|
|Germany||–278.9 ” ”|
Theimportant invention, by Thomas (1878), of the basic or Thomas method of obtaining iron did away with the Bessemer method.
Thenew method gave Germany a big lead, for it frees the ore from phosphorus, and German ore is rich in phosphorus (N.B.).
Thatis how Germany beat Great Britain. || N.B.
Thechemical industry produces coal tar (1 million tons in 1912 in Germany).
|German-occupied French areas contain|
|about 70%||of French coal resources|
|” 80%||” ” iron ”|
|(Without America, France would have perished long ago.)|