1. The idea of history, Oxford, 1946, 215
2. S. Geller, “Die sumer-assyrische Serie Lugal-e ud me-lam-bi nir-gal” (Altoriental. Text herausgeben von B. Meissner, I) Leiden, 1917, 308ff. For the interpretation here adopted see Jacobsen in Frankfort, Before Philosophy, London, 1949, p. 143.
3. The Magic Art, 1922, p. 235
4. “Sir James Frazer, a biographical appreciation”, in A Scientific Theory of Culture, (1944), pp. 201, 196, 198.
5. e.g. in Primitive Polynesian Economies, 1939, pp. 89ff., 169ff
6. Frazer, The Magic Art; cf. Malinowski, in Needham, Magic, Science and Religion, 1925, p. 35 “If by Science be understood a body of rules and conceptions, based on experience and derived from it by logical inference, embodied in material achievements and carried on by some sort of social organisation — then even the lowest savages have the beginnings of science.”; and Collingwood, The New Leviathan, Oxford, 1939, 36, 32: “The sort of natural science which is inseparable from an intelligent exploitation of the natural world, means watching, and remembering and handing down from father to son things which it is useful to know ...”
7. In Needham, op. cit., p. 31
8. Les Fonctions mentales dans les societes inferieures, 192I
9. Elementary Forms of Religious Life, pp. 13, 238
10. Malinowski, Coral Gardens and their Magic, II, 63.
11. The Indian evidence with much comparative material from ethnography and folklore has been recently collected by Elwin, The Agaria, Calcutta, 1942, 130-169
12. Economics in Primitive Communities, Oxford, 1932, p. 3.
13. ibid., p. 134
14. e.g., ibid, pp. 71, 133 — weaving in Polynesia; potting and soap-boiling among the Ewe in Africa; it would be easy to multiply examples
15. The Papuans of the Trans-Fly, 1936, p. 315
16. Weidenreich, “Did Sinanthropus Practice Cannibalism?” Bull, Geological Society of China, Peiping XIX, 1939, 49-63
17. “I Paleantropi di Saccopastore e del Circeo”, Quartar, IV, 1942, 11-13
18. Begouen in Antiquity , III, 1929, 5-19. Trombe and Dubuc, “Le Centre prehistorique de Ganties-Montespan” Archives de l' Institut de Paleontologie humaine, Memoire 22, 1947
19. La Representation du monde chez l'enfant, Paris, 1947
20. Jahresbericht der schweiz. Gesell. f Urgeschichite, 1944, 124ff
21. Childe, New Light on the Most Ancient East, 1937, p. 61 (Merimde, Egypt); Dawn of European Civilisation, 1947, 17 (Crete), 229 (Sicily), 248 (Malta), 253 (Sardinia), 267 (Spain), 303 (Seine basin), 309 (Brittany); Dikaios in Report of Dept. of Antiquities, Cyprus, 1936, part 1, p.54 (Erimi). The use of this amulet was not universal and is not attested at least in a neolithic context in Hither Asia or the Balkan peninsula.
22. Cf. Beck in Archaeologia, 77, p.31 (his type XXVIII,B,2); I know no specimen reliably dated before 2000BC.
23. Kramer, Sumerian Mythology (Mem. XXI, American Philosophical Society, Ann Arbor, 1944), pp. 51-3
24. Iraq, x (1942), 26-33; cf. ib. (III, 87-96 for the full text
25. Babylonien und Assyrien, II, 1924, 383-4
26. Richter, The Craft of Athenian Pottery, 1923, 65, 95-69
27. Onomastikon, VII, 108
28. A.L. Armstrong described to the British Association in 1939 how a lump of chalk resembling an obese female statuette and a chalk phallos had been set up in one gallery at Grime's Graves.
29. This is a fair deduction from the excessive number of cases of trephining; far more neolithic skulls from France had been submitted to this operation than could be accounted for by the normal incidence of injuries that would benefit by the treatment.